Olea europaea L.

Olea europaea L.

Synonymy

    Taxon info

    Olea europaea is the cultivated olive, and its wild progenitor is often called subsp. oleaster. The latter plant occurs on dry rocky slopes at low altitude throughout Greece and elsewhere in the Mediterranean region, but it is often difficult to distinguish between native individuals and those naturalized from domestic stock. The olive, a sturdy, often gnarled evergreen tree, is quintessentially Greek and was probably domesticated already in the Neolithic period some 6000 years ago. Export of olive oil was an essential source of the wealth of Athens at the time of Pericles. The plant in the photo was certainly wild, growing on the rocky SE tip of the Athos peninsula.A
    A. Dimopoulos, P., Raus, Th., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, Th., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A. & Tzanoudakis, D. 2013: Vascular plants of Greece: An annotated checklist. 31: p. 350 [Plate 17.4]

    Distribution

    GR(IoI SPi Pe StE EC NC NE NAe WAe Kik KK EAe

    Greece (East Aegean islands present; East Central Greece present; Ionian Islands present; Kiklades present; Kriti and Karpathos present; North Aegean islands present; North Central Greece present; North-East Greece present; Peloponnisos present; South Pindos present; Sterea Ellas present; West Aegean islands present)

    Status

    Native / Non Range-Restricted

    Chorology

    Mediterranean

    Life-form

    Phanerophyte

    Habitat

    Xeric Mediterranean Phrygana and grasslands, Woodlands and scrub

    IUCN category

    Not Evaluated

    Presidential Decree 67/81

    No

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