Olea europaea is the cultivated olive, and its wild progenitor is often called subsp. oleaster. The latter plant occurs on dry rocky slopes at low altitude throughout Greece and elsewhere in the Mediterranean region, but it is often difficult to distinguish between native individuals and those naturalized from domestic stock. The olive, a sturdy, often gnarled evergreen tree, is quintessentially Greek and was probably domesticated already in the Neolithic period some 6000 years ago. Export of olive oil was an essential source of the wealth of Athens at the time of Pericles. The plant in the photo was certainly wild, growing on the rocky SE tip of the Athos peninsula.
GR(IoI SPi Pe StE EC NC NE NAe WAe Kik KK EAe)
Greece (East Aegean islands present; East Central Greece present; Ionian Islands present; Kiklades present; Kriti and Karpathos present; North Aegean islands present; North Central Greece present; North-East Greece present; Peloponnisos present; South Pindos present; Sterea Ellas present; West Aegean islands present)
Native / Non Range-Restricted
Xeric Mediterranean Phrygana and grasslands, Woodlands and scrub
Presidential Decree 67/81