–IoI NPi SPi Pe StE EC NC NE NAe WAe Kik –KK EAe
Greece (East Aegean islands ‒ present; East Central Greece ‒ present; Ionian Islands ‒ absent; Kiklades ‒ present; Kriti and Karpathos ‒ absent; North Aegean islands ‒ present; North Central Greece ‒ present; North Pindos ‒ present; North-East Greece ‒ present; Peloponnisos ‒ present; South Pindos ‒ present; Sterea Ellas ‒ present; West Aegean islands ‒ present)
Woodlands and scrub, High mountain vegetation
A variable species in Greece exhibiting erect forest belt ecotypes and dwarf high mountain ecotypes which are connected by a clinal series of morphological intermediates and therefore appropriately ranked as varieties rather than subspecies (var. virgaurea, var. alpina Murith; see also Regel 1948).