Balanophoraceae

Description

Yellowish, reddish, or brownish root parasites, destitute of chlorophyll, emerging from tuberous or rhizomatous underground structures, which are in contact with the host root. Leaves scale-like, alternate, conspicuous and numerous, or basal, small and hidden in the litter. Inflorescences spadix-like, apparently unbranched; bracts scaly, peltate and usually hexagonal or strongly reduced, inconspicuous to absent. Flowers actinomorphic, trimerous, monocyclic, unisexual, monoecious or dioecious; stamens with anthers united into a synandrium, stigmas 1 or 2. Fruit a small achene with one embryo.

Distribution

Guianas: present subtropical: present throughout the tropics: present
18 genera with 43 species, throughout the tropics, a few subtropical. 2 genera with one species each in the Guianas.

Synonymy

Balanophoraceae sec. BERTEL HANSEN - Balanophoraceae in B. Hansen, L. v. d. Oever, B.J.H. ter Welle, J. Koek-Noorman & A.R.A. GbRTS-VAN RIJN, FLORA OF THE GUIANAS, Series A: Phanerogams Fascicle 14 102. OLACACEAE, 103. OPILIACEAE, 107. BALANOPHORACEAE. 1993

    Specimens

    CountryDateCollector + collecting numberHerbariaTypeScanDerivatives
    Andersson 1125
    Citation: Andersson 1125.

    Broadway, W.E. 799
    Citation: Broadway, W.E. 799.

    Granville, J.J. de 2164
    Citation: Granville, J.J. de 2164.

    Granville, J.J. de C-72
    Citation: Granville, J.J. de C-72.

    Granville, J.J. et al. 3514
    Citation: Granville, J.J. et al. 3514.

    Granville, J.J. et al. 6401
    Citation: Granville, J.J. et al. 6401.

    Granville, J.J. et al. 7551
    Citation: Granville, J.J. et al. 7551.

    Granville, J.J. et al. 8814
    Citation: Granville, J.J. et al. 8814.

    Granville, J.J. et al. 8923
    Citation: Granville, J.J. et al. 8923.

    Guyana, Republic ofBoom, B. et al. 7487
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Boom, B. et al. 7487.

    Guyana, Republic ofCowan, R.S. & T. Soderstrom 2005
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cowan, R.S. & T. Soderstrom 2005.

    Guyana, Republic ofCremers, G. 6080
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cremers, G. 6080.

    Guyana, Republic ofCremers, G. 7589
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cremers, G. 7589.

    Guyana, Republic ofCremers, G. 7895
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Cremers, G. 7895.

    Guyana, Republic ofFeuillet, C. 1020
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Feuillet, C. 1020.

    Guyana, Republic ofFeuillet, C. 1326
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Feuillet, C. 1326.

    Guyana, Republic ofFor. Dept. British Guiana 6170
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, For. Dept. British Guiana 6170.

    Guyana, Republic ofFor. Dept. British Guiana 6353
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, For. Dept. British Guiana 6353.

    Guyana, Republic ofGillespie, L. et al. 1805
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Gillespie, L. et al. 1805.

    Guyana, Republic ofJenman, G.S. 1852
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Jenman, G.S. 1852.

    Guyana, Republic ofMaguire, B. 23524
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Maguire, B. 23524.

    Guyana, Republic ofMartyn 269
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Martyn 269.

    Guyana, Republic ofMcDowell, T. et al. 4426
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, McDowell, T. et al. 4426.

    Guyana, Republic ofSandwith, N.Y. 620
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Sandwith, N.Y. 620.

    Guyana, Republic ofSastre, C. 4346
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Sastre, C. 4346.

    Guyana, Republic ofSchomburgk s.n.
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Schomburgk s.n..

    Guyana, Republic ofWard, R.D. 8629
    Citation: Guyana, Republic of, Ward, R.D. 8629.

    Hahn, W. 3535
    Citation: Hahn, W. 3535.

    Halle, F. 1100
    Citation: Halle, F. 1100.

    Halle, F. 636
    Citation: Halle, F. 636.

    Jacquemin, H. 1618
    Citation: Jacquemin, H. 1618.

    Maas, P.J.M. 2180
    Citation: Maas, P.J.M. 2180.

    Oldeman, R.A.A. 1141
    Citation: Oldeman, R.A.A. 1141.

    Oldeman, R.A.A. 1199
    Citation: Oldeman, R.A.A. 1199.

    Richard, L.C. s.n.
    Citation: Richard, L.C. s.n..

    Sastre, C. 1635
    Citation: Sastre, C. 1635.

    Schnell, R. 12239
    Citation: Schnell, R. 12239.

    Suriname, Republic ofCowan, R.S. & J.C. Lindeman 39116
    Citation: Suriname, Republic of, Cowan, R.S. & J.C. Lindeman 39116.

    Suriname, Republic ofDaniels, A.G.H. & F.P. Jonker 1134
    Citation: Suriname, Republic of, Daniels, A.G.H. & F.P. Jonker 1134.

    Suriname, Republic ofDaniels, A.G.H. & F.P. Jonker 1277
    Citation: Suriname, Republic of, Daniels, A.G.H. & F.P. Jonker 1277.

    Suriname, Republic ofDaniels, A.G.H. & F.P. Jonker 733
    Citation: Suriname, Republic of, Daniels, A.G.H. & F.P. Jonker 733.

    Suriname, Republic ofFlorschi.itz, P.A. & P.J.M. Maas 2.863
    Citation: Suriname, Republic of, Florschi.itz, P.A. & P.J.M. Maas 2.863.

    Suriname, Republic ofFlorschi.itz, P.A. & P.J.M. Maas 2545
    Citation: Suriname, Republic of, Florschi.itz, P.A. & P.J.M. Maas 2545.

    Suriname, Republic ofFlorschi.itz, P.A. & P.J.M. Maas 2604
    Citation: Suriname, Republic of, Florschi.itz, P.A. & P.J.M. Maas 2604.

    Suriname, Republic ofFlorschi.itz, P.A. & P.J.M. Maas 2942
    Citation: Suriname, Republic of, Florschi.itz, P.A. & P.J.M. Maas 2942.

    Suriname, Republic ofJonker, A.M.E. Verhoef & F.P. Jonker 443
    Citation: Suriname, Republic of, Jonker, A.M.E. Verhoef & F.P. Jonker 443.

    Suriname, Republic ofKegel, H. 607
    Citation: Suriname, Republic of, Kegel, H. 607.

    Suriname, Republic ofKramer, K.U. & W.H.A. Hekking 2478
    Citation: Suriname, Republic of, Kramer, K.U. & W.H.A. Hekking 2478.

    Suriname, Republic ofMaas, P.J.M. LBB 11086
    Citation: Suriname, Republic of, Maas, P.J.M. LBB 11086.

    Suriname, Republic ofMaguire, B. 40733
    Citation: Suriname, Republic of, Maguire, B. 40733.