Corytoplectus

Description

Terrestrial, caulescent, erect herbs, without modified stems. Stems unbranched. Leaves opposite, nearly equal in a pair, venation pinnate, foliar nectaries absent. Flowers axillary, 1 to few in umbellate-cymose inflorescences; short pedunculate; bracteoles small; long pedicellate. Calyx lobes 5, free; corolla yellowish, tubular, inflated ventrally, limb 5-lobed; stamens included, filaments basally connate, anthers free or coherent in 2 pairs, dehiscing by longitudinal slits, thecae parallel; staminode present, small; disc of 2 or 4 opposite separate glands, or a double connate dorsal gland; ovary superior, stigma capitate or 2-lobed. Fruit a fleshy, indehiscent, black berry.

Distribution

Bolivar: present Guayana Highlands of Venezuela: present Guianas: present Southern America:, Bolivia (Boliviapresent); Brazil North (Amazonaspresent); Venezuela (Venezuelapresent) western Guyana: present
An Andean genus of 8 or more species, in mixed wet or cloud forest, known from Bolivia to coastal Venezuela, and in the Guayana Highlands of Venezuela (Bolívar, Amazonas), neighbouring Brazil, and western Guyana; 1 species in the Guianas.

Cytology

Chromosome number n=9 (Skog 1984).

Synonymy

Corytoplectus Oerst., Centralamer. Gesner.: 45. 1858 sec. C. Feuillet & M.J. Jansen-Jacobs, 2008