Primary tabs



Trees, shrubs, or climbers, monoecious or (functionally) dioecious, often with aerial adventitious roots (hemi-epiphytes and root-climbers), rarely with uncinate hairs, usually with waxy glandular spots on the lamina beneath and/or in the nodes of leafy twigs. Leaves spirally arranged, distichous, (sub)opposite (or subverticillate); stipules fully amplexicaul to lateral, mostly free. Inflorescences with an urceolate receptacle, entirely enclosing the flowers (even at anthesis), bisexual or (functionally) unisexual, pronouncedly protogynous, the orifice more or less tightly closed by bracts; Fruit a drupelet or an achene. Seed with endosperm, embryo (almost) straight with flat and equal or ± curved with conduplicate cotyledons.


Trécul - in Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 1847: 77, 138
Benth. & Hook. - in Gen. Pl. 1880: 346
Corner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1962: 210
Bureau - in DC., Prodr. 17. 1873: 282, 287
Engl. - in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3. 1888: 88
Miq. in Mart. - in Fl. Bras. 1852: 83
C.C. Berg - in Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch. 1998: 360
Dalla Torre & Harms, Gen. Siph. 1900: 122