Dodonaea viscosa

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Dodonaea viscosa

Description

Shrub or treelet, up to 8 m high, dbh up to 20 cm; Leaves elliptic to obovate, (including the petiole) (5-)9-15 by (1.5-)2.5-4 cm, index 3-4.5, thin-pergamentaceous to papyraceous; Inflorescences 3-3.5 cm long, laxly and widely branched, with 12-15 flowers; Flowers bisexual. Sepals (3 or) 4, elliptic, c. 2.75 by 1.5-1.75 mm, outside sometimes with a few paired hairs, the margin sparsely ciliate mainly towards the apex, glabrous inside; Stamens 5-7, scars distinct in fruit; Fruits inflated, reniform-cordate, 8-12 by 11-16 mm, membranous, yellowish to light brown, very sparsely glandular, otherwise glabrous;

Distribution

Asia-Tropical, Pantropical present
Pantropical, throughout Malesia.

Uses

For a description of the timber, see p. 427.

Notes

1. In literature, the distinction between D, viscosa and D. angustifolia is hardly ever made, even though, in Malesia at least, one was aware of the existence of a coastal form, regarded here as true D. viscosa, and a montane form, D. angustifolia.
2. Rumphius' Caryophyllaster litoreus is probably also such a mixture: the name and the habitat point to D. viscosa, the description and the plate, however, seem to represent D. angustifolia.

Citation

Backer & Bakh. f. - in Fl. Java. 1965: beach form only
Burm. f., Fl. Indica. 1768: 36
Yap - in Tree Fl. Malaya. 1989: 440
Merr. - in Enum. Philipp. Flow. Pl. 1923: 514
Adelb. - in Blumea. 1948: 325
Koord. & Valeton - in Bijdr. Booms. Java. 1903: 227
Radlk. - in Engl., Pflanzenr. 98. 1933: 1363
Ridley - in Fl. Malay Penins. 1922: 510
Jungh. - in Nat. Geneesk. Arch. Ned. Indie. 1845: 37
Koord. - in Exk. Fl. Java. 1912: 543
Corner, Wayside Trees. 1940: f. 214
Meyer Drees - in Commun. Forest Res. Inst. 1951: 108
West - in Fl. Austral. 1985: f. 28a-d, map 148-154
Leenh. - in Blumea. 1983: 271