Ficus virens

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Ficus virens

Description

Tree up to 35 m tall, hemi-epiphytic, deciduous. internal hairs abundant, chaffy. Leaves spirally arranged; stipules 0.3-1.5 (on opening shoots to 8) cm long, glabrous or sparsely to densely puberulous, caducous or subpersistent at the apex of the leafy twigs and then usually forming ovoid terminal buds. Ovary red-brown.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate:, Hainan (Hainanpresent) Asia-Tropical:, Borneopresent; Jawa (Jawapresent); Lesser Sunda Is.present (Balipresent); Malaya (Peninsular Malaysiapresent); Maluku (Malukupresent); New Guineapresent; Philippines (Philippinespresent); Sulawesi (Sulawesipresent); Sumatera (Sumaterapresent); Thailand (Thailandpresent); Vietnam (Vietnampresent) Caroline Islands: present Flores: present From Sri Lanka to southern China: present Langkawi Island: present Morotai: present New Britain: present Palawan: present Solomon Islands: present Sumba: present Sumbawa: present Tanimbar Islands: present Timor: present northern Australia: present
From Sri Lanka to southern China (incl. Hainan), Thailand, Vietnam, Caroline Islands, Solomon Islands, northern Australia; in Malesia: Malay Peninsula (and Langkawi Island), Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands (Bali, Sumba, Sumbawa, Flores, Timor), Borneo, Philippines (Palawan), Celebes, Moluccas (Morotai, Tanimbar Islands), New Guinea (incl. New Britain).

Morphology

2 The figs are sessile or up to 0.1 cm long pedunculate throughout Malesia, but outside this region the peduncle can be longer, up to 0.6 cm, as in Australia and India. 1This species is very variable in many characters, as in the position of the figs from axillary to ramiflorous, the shape of the lamina, the length of the petiole, and the formation of clear terminal resting buds.

Citation

Kunth & C.D. Bouché - in Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 1847: 244
Simon - in Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 1914: 93
Miq. - in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1867: 286
K. Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee. 1900: 273
Wight - in Ic. 1843: t. 665
auct. non Blume: Alston, Kandy Fl. 1938: f. 181
Summerh. - in J. Arnold Arbor. 1941: 87
Miq. - in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1867: 287
Miq. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1859: 340
Aiton - in Rev. Handbook Fl. Ceyl. 1977: t. 7
King - in Sp. Ficus. 1888: 185
Ridl. - in Fl. Malay Penins. 1924: 337
Miq. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1859: 339
Becc., For. Borneo. 1902: 525
K. Heyne, Nutt. Pl. Ned.-Indië. 1927: 571
Miq. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1859: 342
Domin - in Bibl. Bot. 1921: 563
Ridl. - in Fl. Malay Penins. 1924: 336
Koord. - in Atlas. 1916: t. 745
Ochse & Bakh., Veg. Dutch East Indies. 1931: 497
Koord. & Valeton - in Bijdr. Boomsoort. Java. 1906: 140
Blume - in Blumea. 1948: 308
Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 1861: 437
Watt - in Dict. Econ. Prod. India. 1890: 355
F.M. Bailey - in Queensl. Fl. 1902: 1474
G. Karst. & Schenck - in Vegetationsbilder. 1912: t. 21
Merr., Enum. Born. 1921: 223
Renner - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1907: 383
King - in Sp. Ficus. 1887: t. 75-78
F.M. Bailey - in Queensl. Fl. 1902: 1468
Diels - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1901: 299
Renner - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1907: 382
Corner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1960: 376
Kochummen - in Tree Fl. Malaya. 1978: 161
Kurz - in Forest Fl. Burma. 1877: 446
King - in Sp. Ficus. 1887: t. 60
Volkens - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1902: 462
Roxb., Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 3. 1832: 551
Rehder - in J. Arnold Arbor. 1936: 74
Diels - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1938: 398
Griff. - in Ic. Pl. Asiat. 1854: t. 550
Miq. - in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1867: 265, 286
Koord. - in Atlas. 1916: t. 746
Gagnep. - in Fl. Indo-Chine. 1928: 760
Miq. - in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1867: 264
King - in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5. 1888: 511
F. Muell. - in Fragm. Phyt. Austral. 1874: 246
Backer & Bakh.f. - in Fl. Java. 1965: 35
Koord. & Valeton - in Bijdr. Boomsoort. Java. 1906: 141
Miq. - in Zoll., Syst. Verz. 2. 1854: 90
Miq. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1859: 343
Vreede - in Ann. Bot. Gard. Buitenzorg. 1949: 146
Specht - in Rec. Am. Austral. Exp. Arnhem Land. 1958: 217
Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 1821: 392
Engl. - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1886: 451
Miq. - in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1867: 268, 286
M.F. Barrett - in Am. Midl. Nat. 1946: 425
Gagnep. - in Fl. Indo-Chine. 1928: 759
Burkill, Dict. Econ. Prod. Malay Penins. 1935: 1009
Corner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1965: 9
Corner, Wayside Trees. 1940: 677
Burkill, Dict. Econ. Prod. Malay Penins. 1935: 1011
W.D. Francis, Austr. Rain-For. Trees. 1951: f. 27
Benth. - in Fl. Austral. 1873: 286
Aiton - in Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak. 2000: 316