Pajanelia longifolia

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Pajanelia longifolia

Description

Evergreen, small to large tree up to 30 m, 1 m Ø, changing leaves before flowering. Leaves 1-pinnate, 8-12-jugate, 40-120cm; Flowers with a soapy smell, pale yellowish, inside dull-purple shaded. Capsule stiped, 30-45 by 5-9 cm (incl. the 2-3 cm wide, often splitting wings), with a dorsal ridge, and a corky margin on which the wings; Seeds in rows on each margin of the septum, curved, 2¼-3 by ¾-l¼ cm (incl. the hyaline wings).

Distribution

Asia-Tropical:, Philippines (Philippinespresent) Atjeh: cultivated
As the genus. Erroneously recorded for the Philippines by . Rarely planted (Atjeh). .

Ecology


Indian authors cite it as being evergreen, but in the Natuna Is. I found it shortly deciduous. KURZ found it in Burma an evergreen tree. He recorded it from the Andaman Is. as Very abundant in the leafless jungles', that is: monsoon forest (). PARKINSON gave no definite clue on the leaf change.
The calyx contains water in bud, like other coarse-flowered members (Spathodea, Oroxylum, etc.).

Uses

GAMBLE () said it is a good timber with close-grained wood. PARKINSON l.c. found it common in the Andaman Is. where it is used for canoes, planking, and boat-building; timber smells like teak and seems to withstand attacks of white ants. KURZ (1870) recorded the largest tree with a trunk of 2 m Ø. In the Natuna Is. it is estimated for building boats.
In the latter islands a decoction of leaves is used against fever; in Malaya a hot fermentation is applied on the body for stomach disorders ().

Notes

For obscure reasons BEDDOME (l.c.) found this anomalous in the family, its flower reminded of Jasmineae; but he also included Schrebera (OIeaceae).

Citation

A.P.DC. - in Fl. Burma. 1877: 237
STEEN. - in Bull. Jard. Bot. Btzg. 1932: f. 2 (map).
CLARKE - in Fl. Br. Ind. 1884: 384
G. DON - in Gen. Syst. 1838: 221
STEEN. - in Bull. Jard. Bot. Btzg. 1928: 267
RIDL. - in Fl. Mal. Pen. 1923: 549
BUREAU, Mon. 1864: t. 20
GAMBLE - in J. As. Soc. Beng. 1905: 382
PARKINSON, For. Fl. Andam. 1923: 215
WIGHT - in Ill. 1850: t. 161bis
KURZ, Prel. Rep. For. Veget. Pegu. 1875: App. A: xciii, App. B: 69
BEDD. - in Fl. Sylv. 1872: t. 21-5
A.DC. - in Prod. 1845: 227
BRANDIS, Ind. Trees. 1906: 494
MIQ. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1858: 758