Ganophyllum falcatum

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Ganophyllum falcatum


Tree up to 42 m high, dbh up to 150 cm, with buttresses; Leaves (4-)5-8(-10)-jugate; Inflorescences up to 20 cm long, widely and especially the female ones sparsely branched; Sepals 1.25-1.5 mm long, green, hairy inside. Stamens: Fruits ovoid, acute at apex, to subglobular, 10-20 by 7-10 mm, red;


Andaman present, Asia-Tropical: Borneo present (Sabah present); Malaya present; Maluku (Maluku present); New Guinea presentpresent; Philippines (Philippines present); Sulawesi (Sulawesi present); Sumatera (Sumatera present), Australasia: Northern Territory (Northern Territory present); Queensland (Queensland present), Eastern Java present, Flores present, Johore present, Nicobar Islands present, Solomon Islands present, Western present, east present, mainly Central present
Andaman and Nicobar Islands to Australia (Western, the Northern Territory, and Queensland) and the Solomon Islands; in Malesia: Malaya (Johore), Sumatra, Java (mainly Central and East), Flores and Komodo, Borneo (Sabah), Philippines, Celebes, Moluccas, and New Guinea. Apparently now common only in New Guinea, but at the end of the last century still fairly common in at least eastern Java.


For a description of the timber, see p. 427. Good timber wood; also used for matches and match boxes. Bark used in soap and as a fish poison. See: .


1. There is somewhat more variation in New Guinea than in the rest of the area: the number of leaflets is variable but lower than to the West, the flowers are more often 4-merous whereas they are mostly 5-merous and not rarely 6-merous to the West, and the fruits are sometimes subglobular and then 2-loculed, each locule having one seed.
2. The African species, G. giganteum Hauman, differs slightly, but constantly, mainly in flowering characters: leaflets nearly sessile, sepals c. 2 mm long, always nearly free, disc glabrous, filament c. 5 mm long, fruits 2-2.2 by 1.5-2 cm, ovoid to ellipsoid with a thick (when dried 2-3 mm) fleshy mesocarp.
3. The present species strongly resembles Koordersiodendron pinnatum Merr. (Anacardia- ceae); the latter mainly differing in the following characters: twigs smooth, leaf rachis neither grooved above nor narrowly triangular in cross section, axillary buds very conspicuous, leaflets always opposite, petiolules long and slender, no glandular scales, inflorescences densely hairy, fruits soft and accordingly flattened in the herbarium.


Blume - in Atlas. 1913: pl. 87
Koord. & Valeton - in Bijdr. Booms. Java. 1903: 231
Radlk. - in Engl., Pflanzenr. 98. 1933: 1424
Whitmore, Guide For. B.S.I.P. 1966: 96
P. Royen - in Man. For. Trees Papua & New Guinea. 1964: f. lj, 10
Boerl. & Koord. - in Icon. Bogor. 1897: pl. 17
Yap - in Tree Fl. Malaya. 1989: 440
S.T. Reynolds - in Austrobaileya. 1984: f. lh-j
Blume - in Enum. Philipp. Flow. Pl. 1923: 515
Oliver - in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 1880: pl. 1308
Blume - in Fl. Austral. 1985: f. 3e, f, map 18
Merr., Sp. Blancoan. 1918: 210
Radlk. - in Fedde, Rep. 18. 1922: 343
Backer & Bakh. f. - in Fl. Java. 1965: 142
F.S. Walker, For. Br. Solomon Is. 1948: 167
Radlk. - in Engl., Pflanzenr. 98. 1933: 1223
Lane-Poole, For. Res. Terr. Papua and New Guinea. 1925: 109
Foreman, Check List Bougainville. 1971: fig.
Burger, Seedlings. 1972: f. 128
Engl - in DC, Monogr. Phan. 4. 1883: f. 45-50