Cupaniopsis

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Cupaniopsis

Description

Shrubs or small to medium sized, often unbranched palmoid trees ('Schopfbäume'). Leaves spirally arranged, paripinnate, 1-28-jugate; Inflorescences thyrsoid, axillary, often together pseudoterminal, branched or not, laxly to densely flowered; Sepals (4 or) 5(-7), outer 2 distinctly smaller than inner 3, free, imbricate, often concave, especially the inner sepals with a narrow to wide petaloid rim to almost totally petaloid, usually persisting, margin usually ciliate and often also with small glandular hairs. Petals 5, elliptic to orbicular or spathu-late, rhomboid or obovate, rarely clawed, often dentate at apex; Stamens (5-)8-14, usually exserted in male flowers; Ovary 2- or 3-locular, smooth, glabrous to densely hirsute, sessile or with a short gynophore; Ovules 1 per locule;. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, rarely distinctly lobed, (1-) 2- or 3-celled, sessile or with a short stipe, usually rounded in cross section, rarely keeled; Seeds ellipsoid or globose to obovoid, often dorso-ventrally, rarely laterally flattened, arillode half to completely covering the seed, rarely (C platycarpa) a sarcotesta, hilum oval, (sub)basal;

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: Maluku (Maluku present); New Guinea present; Sulawesi (Sulawesi present), Caroline Islands present, N and E Australia present, New Caledonia present, Pacific present: Samoa (Samoa present), Solomon Islands present, Truk Toi present
60 species; in Malesia: Celebes, Moluccas and New Guinea; N and E Australia, Caroline Islands (Truk Toi), Pacific from the Solomon Islands to Samoa and New Caledonia

Citation

Radlk. - in Fl. Austral. 1985: 55
in Engl., Pflanzenr. 98. 1933: 1182
S.T. Reynolds - in Austrobaileya. 1984: 44
Radlk. - in Bot. Jahrb. 1920: 283
Radlk. - in Engl., Pflanzenr. 98. 1933: 1177
in Engl., Pflanzenr. 98. 1933: 1183
Radlk. - in Sitzungsber. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. München. 1890: 291, 357
A.C. Smith - in Fl. Vitiensis Nova. 1985: 603