Taxillus

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Taxillus

Description

Aerial stem-parasitic shrubs, more or less clothed in a tomentum of stellate hairs, slender to moderately robust, with epicortical runners bearing secondary haustoria. Leaves opposite. Inflorescence a simple few-flowered umbel; bract single under each flower, simple. Fruit ellipsoid.

Distribution

Africa: present southern Asia from Pakistan to China, and southwards to Borneo: present
About 30 species in Africa, southern Asia from Pakistan to China, and southwards to Borneo. In Malesia 1 species.

Taxonomy

The genus is related to Dendrophthoe, differing primarily in its umbellate inflorescence and the small more strongly zygomorphic flowers. For discussion of Afro-Asian origins, see Barlow (1990).

The genus is also closely related to, and difficult to delineate from the sympatric genus Scurrula (see note there).