Artocarpeae

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Artocarpeae

Description

Trees or shrubs (or climbers?), monoecious or dioecious, with or without uncinate hairs. Leaves spirally arranged or distichous; stipules fully amplexicaul to lateral or intrapetiolar, free or connate. Inflorescences usually unisexual, axillary or cauliflorous, spicate to capitate and then clavate, globose, or discoid, pedunculate, bracteate; Fruit large, free, with a dry pericarp or ± drupaceous, indehiscent embedded in the pulpy part of the (many-seeded) infructescence; seed without or with scanty endosperm, embryo curved or straight, with thick, equal or unequal cotyledons.

Distribution

Asia: present Asia-Tropical: Continental Africa: present Madagascar: present extending to Australia and/or the Pacific: present
This tribe comprises five genera of which four, Artocarpus (c. 45 spp.), Hullettia (2 spp.), Parartocarpus (2 spp.), and Prainea (2 spp.) occur in Asia and are speciose in Malesia, two of them, Artocarpus and Parartocarpus extending to Australia and/or the Pacific. The fifth genus, Treculia (with 3 spp.) occurs in continental Africa and Madagascar (see ).

Morphology

The very large infructescences formed by some species are remarkable and in Artocarpus resemble Durian fruits. Also notable are the wide range of shapes derived from the basically peltate bracts and the presence of glands or glandular spots in species of Artocarpus subg. Pseudojaca.

Citation

Corner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1962: 231
C.C. Berg - in Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch. 1988: 357
R.Br. - in Blumea. 2005: 535
Gaudich. - in Freyc., Voy. Uranie. 1830: 511