Shrubs or treelets, sometimes undershrubs. Leaves shortly petioled, chartaceous or subcoriaceous; Stipules small, intrapetiolarly united, caducous. Inflorescences lateral or terminal thyrses with a terminal flower; Flowers with ± hemispherical torus, distinctly tumid and red in fruit. Sepals 5, greenish, accrescent and turning red in fruit. Petals 5-10, in 1-2 whorls, yellow. Stamens ∞ in 2 or more whorls; Ovaries 5-10(-15), obovoid; Fruits 1-3(-5), greenish, turning black when ripe.
Africa, south of the Sahara: present Asia-Temperate:, Hainan (Hainan ‒ present) Asia-Tropical:, Assam (Assam ‒ present); India ‒ present Ceylon: present Madagascar: present Nicobar Is: present North of the Malay Peninsula: present
The majority of the species is found in Africa, south of the Sahara, and in Madagascar. In India and Ceylon 4 spp. occur, one of these ranging from Assam to Indo-China, Hainan, the Nicobar Is., and Malesia: in the North of the Malay Peninsula.