Araucaria

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Araucaria

Description

Monoecious or sometimes (temporarily?) dioecious small to immense trees mostly with limited and very formal branching elements consisting of long sweeping primary branches in false whorls along the main trunk often turned apically upward candelabra-like, then in most species only one additional rank of branches. Leaves spirally placed, broadly attached, crowded, multi-veined when broad and even sometimes in the needle-shaped examples, becoming uniform in size along a branch, but sometimes quite variable in the juvenile forms, amphistomatic. Seed coat fused with its scale.

Distribution

Asia-Tropical:, New Guineapresent New Caledonia: present Norfolk Island: present S. & Central Chile: present Southern Brazil: present coastal Queensland: present
Across New Guinea, coastal Queensland, New Caledonia, Norfolk Island, S. & Central Chile, and southern Brazil 19 spp. in two sections. .

Citation

DALLIMORE & JACKSON, Handb. Conif. 1923: 150
STEUD. - in Nom. Bot. éd. 1840: 399
DE LAUB. - in Fl. NOUV. Caléd. et Dép. 1972: 80
SEWARD & FORD - in Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 1906: 317
GORDON, Pinetum, ed. 1. 1858: 21
RICHARD, Comm. Bot. Conif. & Cycad. 1826: 153
PILGER - in E. & P., Nat. Pfl. Fam., ed. 2, 13. 1926: 263
JUSS. - in Man. Pl. 1857: 360
LINK - in Linnaea. 1841: 541
BARSALI - in Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat. 1909: 145
JUSS., Syn. Conif. 1847: 184
CARR., Traité Gén. Conif. 1855: 413
HENKEL & HOCHSTETTER, Synop. Nadelhölz. 1865: 2
GAUSSEN - in Gymn. Act. & Foss. 1970: 7
PARL. - in DC., Prod. 16. 1868: 369
D.DON - in Trans. Linn. Soc. 1841: 163
BENTH. & HOOK. - in Gen. Pl. 1880: 423
ENDL., Gen. Pl. 1842: 26
SILBA - in Phytologia Mem. 1986: 38
EICHLER - in E. & P., Nat. Pfl. Fam. 2. 1889: 67