Ficus caulocarpa

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Ficus caulocarpa

Description

Tree up to 20(-35) m tall, hemi-epiphytic, deciduous. internal hairs abundant, chaffy. Leaves spirally arranged; stipules 0.2-0.8(-1) (on opening-shoots up to 4.5) cm long, glabrous or white puberulous (sometimes only on the margins), caducous or subpersistent at the apices of leafy twigs, forming ovoid terminal buds. Ovary dark red.

Distribution

Ambon: present Asia-Temperate:, Taiwan (Taiwanpresent) Asia-Tropical:, Borneopresent; Jawa (Jawapresent); Lesser Sunda Is.present; Malaya (Peninsular Malaysiapresent); Maluku (Malukupresent); New Guineapresent; Philippines (Philippinespresent); Sri Lanka (Sri Lankapresent); Sumatera (Sumaterapresent); Thailand (Thailandpresent) Celebes (northern),: present Flores: present Lombok: present Morotai: present Myanmar: present Ryukyu Islands: present Timor: present
Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan; in Malesia: Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands (Lombok, Flores, Timor), Borneo, Philippines, Celebes (northern),Moluccas (Morotai, Ambon), New Guinea.

Taxonomy

3The species is possibly introduced in Taiwan and the Ryukyu Islands. 1Material with densely white hairy receptacle and peduncles has not been encountered in the material examined from the Philippines and these features, also found in the type of var. dasycarpa (from India), are not included in the description. 4Miquel successively described a F. caulocarpa (1867: 235) in subg. Covellia (= subg. Sycomorus) and currently in the synonymy of F. botryocarpa subsp. botryocarpa, and made the combination F. caulocarpa (1867: 268) based on Urostigma caulocarpum (1848: 568), and included U. calaucarpum in the synonymy F. caulobotry (1867: 287), based on U. caulobotryum (1847: 568) and a synonym of F. tsjahela Burm.f. from India and Sri Lanka. 2Material with sessile figs occurs in Thailand.

Citation

Sasidh. & Augustine - in Rheedea. 1999: 77
Merr., Enum. Born. 1921: 224
Renner - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1907: 383
Miq., Wayside Trees. 1940: t. 201
Miq. - in J. Bot. Néerl. 1861: 234
Miq. - in Enum. Philipp. Flow. Pl. 1923: 65
Elmer - in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 1907: 244
Náves & Fern.-Vill., Nov. App. 1880: 199
Sata - in Contr. Hort. Inst. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 1944: 214
Merr. - in Philipp. J. Sci. 1908: 402
Miq. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1859: 334
Holttum - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1940: 140
Miq. - in Rev. Handbook Fl. Ceyl. 1977: t. 8
Sata - in Contr. Hort. Inst. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 1944: 216
J.C. Liao, Taxon. Rev. Moraceae Taiwan,, ed. 2. 1995: t. 9
Merr. - in Bull. Bur. For. Philipp. 1903: 18
Miq. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1859: 334
Elmer - in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 1911: 1246, 1313
Miq., Fl. Manila. 1912: 175
Corner - in Philipp. J. Sci. 1922: 368
Miq., Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. 1886: 254
Merr. - in Philipp. J. Sci. 1906: 46
Elmer - in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 1937: 3454
Náves & Fern.-Vill., Nov. App. 1880: 199
Elmer - in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 1914: 2409
Merr., Sp. Blancoan. 1918: 129
S. Vidal, Phan. Cuming. 1885: 146
Corner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1939: 283
Corner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1965: 10