Primary tabs



Slender woody climbers, erect shrubs or small trees. Leaves not peltate, rarely lobed (in Mal. spp.). Inflorescences cymose or thyrsoid. Seed curved almost into a ring, broad, dorsiventrally flattened;


Africa: present Asia-Tropical:, Jawa (Jawa present); Malaya present; Philippines (Philippines present); Sumatera (Sumatera present) Central & North America: present E. Asia: present Polynesia: present
Central & North America, Africa, SE.-E. Asia, Malesia (Malaya, Sumatra, Java, Philippines) to Polynesia. In all 8 spp.


I made a special study (1974) of the ornamentation patterns of the endocarp of 7 species which show a remarkable variety, even allowing them to be identified by a key and from SEM photographs.
The leaf-epidermal characters of the genus were investigated by .


MIERS - in Contr. Bot. 1871: t. 126
DC. - in Kew Bull. 1974: t. 14 & 15
MIERS - in Contr. Bot. 1871: 253
DIELS - in Pfl. R. 1910: f. 78 & 79
DC. - in Kew Bull. 1968: 372
FORMAN - in Kew Bull. 1962: 479
MIERS - in Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 1867: 27