Herbaceous, fleshy parasites. Inflorescences unisexual with trimerous, pedicellate ♂ flowers or with very numerous ♀ flowers apparently laterally connate in their lower parts, having a short tubular perianth and one style. Inflorescences appearing endogenously from the cylindrical parts of tubers, basally surrounded by an irregularly lobed sheath.
Asia-Tropical:, New Guinea ‒ present Central and tropical South America: present Madagascar: present
3 spp., one in Madagascar (L. malagasica (FAWC.) ), one in Malesia (New Guinea), and one in Central and tropical South America (L. hypogaea MART.). .
MART - in DC., Prod. 17. 1873: 140
HOOK.f. - in B. & H., Gen. Pl. 3. 1880: 236
ENGL. - in E. & P., Nat. Pfl. Fam. 3. 1889: 262
ENDL., Gen. Pl. 1836: 74
HOOK.f. - in Trans. Linn. Soc. 1856: 29
MART - in Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 1832: 182
KLOTZSCH - in Linnaea. 1847: 460
HARMS - in E. & P., Nat. Pfl. Fam., ed. 2, 16b. 1935: f. 169
EICHL. - in Mart. Fl. Bras. 1869: 9