Perennial, ± tufted, erect herb, up to 60 cm. Leaves on flowering shoots grass-green, narrowly elliptic, often shortly petiolate, finely serrate-ciliate, 6-12 by 1.2-4 cm, the lower obtuse, the upper acuminate to acute. Flowers many together in a head, most often very dense, but sometimes with more elongate branching; Petals pink to dark red, 10-15 mm long, fine and irregularly dentate, finely barbate, very variable in cultivated forms.
Asia-Tropical: Jawa (Jawa cultivated), central and submediterranean Europe present
Indigenous to the mountains of central and submediterranean Europe In Malesia: cultivated in Java as an ornamental in the montane regions.
Lu Dequan - in Fl. Reip. Pop. Sin. 1996: f. 107: 1-3
Backer, Schoolfl. Java. 1911: 81
Pham-hoàng Hô - in Ill. Fl. Vietnam. 1991: f. 2618
Edgew. & Hook. f. - in Fl. Brit. India. 1874: 215
Grierson - in Fl. Bhutan. 1987: 199
Backer & Bakh. f. - in Fl. Java. 1963: 213
Lu Dequan & N.J. Turland - in Fl. China. 2001: 103