Cyperus malaccensis

Description

Perennial with stout stolons clothed with ovate, scarious, dark brown scales hardening into a woody rhizome. Inflorescence compound or subdecompound, usually broader than long, sometimes congested, up to 10 by 15 cm. Stamens 3;

Distribution

Asia-Tropical:, India present Java not rare along the muddy north coast, on the south coast only in Besuki (E.): present Mesopotamia: present Polynesia: present S. China: present eastern hemisphere: present northern Australia: present
Widely spread in the eastern hemisphere, from Mesopotamia through India to S. China, Northern Australia, and Polynesia; throughout Malesia, in Java not rare along the muddy north coast, on the south coast only in Besuki (E.).

Uses

The stems are often used for tying purposes and for making mats, baskets, and hats; the manufacture of slippers of this material is carried on to a considerable extent in some towns of Bulacan Prov., Luzon (see BROWN, l.c.). In Pekalongan (Central Java) the stems are used by the fishermen; pieces of the stems are plaited in ropes which are brought into the sea. The fry, attracted by the stems, is caught and then planted in fish-ponds. See , fig.

Citation

CLARKE - in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1884: 147
CLARKE - in Philip. J. Sc. 1907: Bot. 84
STEUD. - in Syn. 1855: 21
MERR. - in En. Philip. 1923: 106
BACK. - in Bekn. Fl. Java, (em. ed.). 1949: fam. 246, p. 35
BROWN - in Min. Prod. Philip. For. 1920: t. 13, 14
KERN - in Back. & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 3. 1968: 478
MIQ. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1856: 267
S. T. BLAKE - in J. Arn. Arb. 1947: 214
RIDL. - in Mat. Fl. Mal. Pen. (Monoc.). 1907: 70
CAMUS - in Fl. Gén. I.-C. 1912: 63
LAMK - in Fl. Br. Ind. 1893: 608
MIQ. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1856: 297
RIDL. - in Fl. Mal. Pen. 1925: 147
BOECK. - in Linnaea. 1868: 603
KÜK. - in Pfl. R. 1935: 86
BACK., Onkr. Suiker. 1928: t. 135
LAMK - in Exk. Fl. Java. 1922: f. 220
MERR., En. Born. 1921: 56
KOORD. - in Exk. Fl. Java. 1911: 190
VALCK. SUR., Gesl. Cyp. Mal. Arch. 1898: t. 4 f. 22

Synonymy

Cyperus malaccensis LAMK in Ill. 1: 146. 1791
  • Cyperus spaniophyllus STEUD. in Zoll., Syst. Verz. 1: 62. 1854
  • Cyperus corymbosus (non ROTTB.) MIQ. in Fl. Ind. Bat. 3: 272. 1856
  • Cyperus tegetiformis (non ROXB.) BENTH. in Fl. Austr. 7: 278. 1878
  • Cyperus difformis (non L.) BLANCO in Fl. Filip., ed. 3 4: 302. 1886
  • Cyperus tegetum (non ROXB.) RIDL. in J. Str. Br. R. As. Soc. n. 46: 222. 1906
  • Chlorocyperus malaccensis PALLA in Allg. Bot. Zeitschr. 17: Beil. 6. 1912

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