Ficus fistulosa

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This concept of the taxon Ficus fistulosa Reinw. ex Blume, Bijdr.: 470. 1825 is not contained as an accepted taxon in the currently chosen classification.

Description

Tree up to 10(-18) m tall. internal hairs absent. Leaves spirally arranged or (partly) subopposite, on ultimate branches distichous; stipules 0.5-1.5(-2.5) cm long, glabrous or sparsely appressed-puberulous, caducous.

Distribution

Alor: present Asia-Temperate:, Taiwan (Taiwan present) Asia-Tropical:, Borneo present; Jawa (Jawa present); Lesser Sunda Is. present (Bali present); Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia present); New Guinea present; Philippines (Philippines present); Sulawesi (Sulawesi present); Sumatera (Sumatera present) Flores: present Lombok: present Madang: present NE India: present S China: present Sukarnapura: present Sumba: present Sumbawa: present
NE India to S China, Taiwan, and Malesia; in Malesia: Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Celebes, Lesser Sunda Islands (Bali, Lombok, Sumba, Sumbawa, Flores, Alor), New Guinea (near Sukarnapura, near Madang).

Notes

1The species is very variable in size and shape of the lamina and in the shape and position of the figs. It is not quite clear whether the presence of figs in the leaf axils is linked to their presence (on woody tubercules) on the older wood, or whether it is a matter of early stages of development, or whether it is to some extent related to occurrence at high altitudes. 4In the Philippines, the leaf margin can be lobate. 2The sparsely hairy form of F. congesta resembles very much F. fistulosa, in particular, in the western part of its range of distribution, where the figs tend to match the dimensions of those of F. fistulosa. It is in its vegetative parts often more or less distinct in the relatively large lamina of which the base varies from cuneate to subcordate. It is clearly distinct in the fig-bearing branches, which are slender and at least 10 cm long, but may elongate to at least 40 cm. 5Plants can start flowering as a sapling. 7A single collection from New Guinea, near Sukarnapura, thus occurring clearly isolated from the known (main) range of distribution, belongs without doubt to this species. 6Corner (1965) regarded some material from Borneo placed in F. condensa as distinct from F. fistulosa largely on the basis of the fig receptacle turning red at maturity and some features of the long-styled flower: the presence of hairs on the style and a very short perianth. However, these flower characters are variable in F. fistulosa and even in material referred to F. condensa. The difference in colour seems not to be a character strong enough to justify recognition at species level. 3In material with axillary figs the petiole is mostly relatively short, on average longer in material with cauliflorous figs.

Citation

Elmer - in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 1937: 3448
Merr. - in Enum. Philipp. Flow. Pl. 1923: 53
Merr. - in Enum. Philipp. Flow. Pl. 1923: 63
Renner - in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1907: 398
Miq. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1859: 327
Miq. - in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1867: 296
Elmer - in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 1911: 1254
King - in Sp. Ficus. 1888: t. 148
Corner - in J. Malayan Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1933: 28
Corner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1965: 93
Corner, Wayside Trees. 1940: 684
Sata - in Contr. Hort. Inst. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 1944: 316
Merr., Enum. Born. 1921: 223
Backer & Bakh.f. - in Fl. Java. 1965: 28, 29, 32
King - in Sp. Ficus. 1888: t. 150, 151
Miq. - in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1867: 284, 296
Elmer - in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 1907: 256
Blume - in Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak. 2000: 274
Griff. - in Ic. Pl. Asiat. 1854: t. 556 (1).
Merr. - in Enum. Philipp. Flow. Pl. 1923: 51
Merr., Enum. Born. 1921: 222
Ridl. - in Fl. Malay Penins. 1924: 342
Kochummen - in Tree Fl. Malaya. 1978: 147
Kochummen - in Tree Fl. Malaya. 1978: 146
Sata - in Contr. Hort. Inst. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 1944: 315
Ridl. - in Fl. Malay Penins. 1924: 343
Corner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1965: 93
K. Heyne, Nutt. Pl. Ned.-Indië. 1927: 570
Corner - in J. Malayan Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1933: f. 12, 13
Gagnep. - in Fl. Indo-Chine. 1928: 817
Corner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1965: 93
Burkill, Dict. Econ. Prod. Malay Penins. 1935: 1009
Miq. - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1965: 93
Miq. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1859: 325
Kurz - in Forest Fl. Burma. 1877: 459
Philipp. J. Sci. - in Philipp. J. Sci. 1907: 270
Blume - in Fl. Brit. India. 1888: 525
Merr. - in Enum. Philipp. Flow. Pl. 1923: 56
Corner - in Gard. Bull. Singapore. 1965: 93
Elmer - in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 1911: 1321
Elmer - in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 1914: 2392
Gagnep. - in Fl. Indo-Chine. 1928: 772
Koord. - in Atlas Baumart. Java. 1918: t. 765
Miq., Choix Pl. Buitenzorg. 1864: t. 15
Merr., Sp. Blancoan. 1918: 127
Kochummen - in Tree Fl. Malaya. 1978: 147
Sata - in Contr. Hort. Inst. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 1944: 272
Elmer - in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 1908: 541
Koord. & Valeton - in Bijdr. Boomsoort. Java. 1906: 205
Corner - in J. Malayan Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1933: 42
Ochse & Bakh., Veg. Dutch East Indies. 1931: 496
Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 1861: 435
F.B. Forbes & Hemsl. - in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1899: 459

Synonymy

Ficus fistulosa Reinw. ex Blume, Bijdr.: 470. 1825
    • =Covellia subopposita Miq., Pl. Jungh.: 66. 1851
    • =?ficus millingtonifolia Griff. in Notul. Pl. Asiat. 4: 396. 1854
    • =Covellia tuberculata Miq. in Syst. Verz. 2: 94, 99. 1854
    • Ficus tuberculata (Miq.) Miq. in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 3: 283, 296. 1867
    • =Ficus harlandii Benth., Fl. Hongk.: 330. 1861
    • =Ficus fistulosa var. angustifolia Miq. in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 3: 284. 1867
    • =Ficus fistulosa var. obliqua Miq. in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 3: 284. 1867
    • =Ficus tengerensis Miq. in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 3: 283, 296. 1867
    • Ficus fistulosa var. tengerensis (Miq.) Kuntze in Rev. Gen. Pl. 1: 626. 1891
    • =Ficus condensa King in Sp. Ficus 2: t. 149. 1888
    • =Ficus repandifolia Elmer in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 1: 58. 1906
    • =Ficus rubrovenia Merr. in Philipp. J. Sci. 1: 44. 1906
    • =Ficus lucbanensis Elmer in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 1: 254. 1907
    • Ficus fistulosa var. lucbanensis (Elmer) Corner in Gard. Bull. Singapore 18: 62. 1960
    • =Ficus curranii Merr. in Gard. Bull. Singapore 5: 343. 1910
    • =Ficus grandidens Merr. in Enum. Philipp. Flow. Pl. 9: 271. 1914
    • =Ficus polysyce Ridl. in J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 82: p.p. 1920
      • Type: Ridley 1175.
    • =Ficus fistulosa var. cincta Hochr. in Candollea 2: 331. 1925

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