Prunus dolichobotrys

Description

Trees up to 30 m, buttresses small or absent, bark brown, lenticelled, peeling off in thin flakes. Leaves elliptic to ovate, (8-)12-26 by 5-12(-15) cm, base rounded to subcordate, apex rounded to broadly acuminate, herbaceous, with 7-14 pairs of nerves, venation transverse, not conspicuous, both sides entirely glabrous, basal glands 2-4(-6), flat or slightly hollowed. Stipules linear to linguiform, 5.5-7.5 by 1.5-2.2 mm, keeled inside and often intrapetiolarly connate, glabrous, sometimes ciliolate. Flowers sometimes functionally male, cream-coloured. Sepals triangular, 0.8-1.5 mm long, glabrous except sometimes apex and margin. Petals elliptic to obovate, 1-2 mm long, usually more hairy than sepals. Stamens 10-30, filaments up to 6 mm, anthers 0.8-1.5 mm long. Ovary glabrous, style up to 4.5 mm long, pistillodium in male flowers small. Fruits transversely ellipsoid to didymous, 8-11.5 by 11-15 mm, exocarp glabrous, black when ripe, mesocarp thin, juicy, endocarp glabrous inside. Seed with glabrous testa.

Distribution

Asia-Tropical:, Bismarck Archipelago (Bismarck Archipelagopresent); New Guineapresent New Britain: present New Ireland: present Papuan Islands to the East: present
Throughout New Guinea, including the Papuan Islands to the East, and also in the Bismarck Archipelago (New Britain, New Ireland).

Uses

Hardly ever reported by collectors. Dorn-streich 76 (E Sepik Prov.): wood used for smaller house poles, bark for making eel traps, leaves to flavour soup or cooked greens.

Citation

K. Schum. & Lauterb., Nachtr. 1905: 274

Synonymy

Prunus dolichobotrys (K. Schum. & Lau-terb.) Kalkman in Blumea 13: 75. 1965
  • Pygeum dolichobotrys K. Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. Schutzgeb. Sudsee: 340. 1901
    • Type: Rodatz & Klink 168 (WRSL).
    • Type: Rodatz & Klink 168.
    • Type: Rodatz & Klink 168.
    • Type: Rodatz & Klink 168.
  • =Combretum flavovirens Lauterb. in Nova Guinea 8: 847. 1912
    • Type: Humboldt Bay, Gjellerup 577.