Prunus fragrans


Small trees, up to 15 m. Leaves elliptic or elliptic-ovate, more rarely oblong, (10-)12-19(-23) by 4.5-10(-13) cm, base usually rounded, sometimes shortly de-current, rarely acute, apex usually acuminate, herbaceous to ± coriaceous, with 6-10 pairs of nerves, sparsely pubescent on both sides, basal glands 2, hollowed and bulging on upper side, other foliar glands often also hollowed. Stipules oblong, 4-8 by 1.5-3 mm, free, with glandular margin. Flowers bisexual or (rarely) male. Stamens 25-55, glabrous, filaments up to 7 mm, anthers 0.5-0.7 mm long. Ovary glabrous or with few hairs, style up to 6.5 mm long, also with some hairs or glabrous. Fruits ellipsoid, 24-30 by 15-17 mm, exocarp glabrous, black when ripe, mesocarp thick and fleshy, hard when dry, endocarp sparsely hairy inside. Seed with glabrous testa.


Asia-Temperate:, Taiwan (Taiwanpresent) Asia-Tropical:, Philippines (Philippinespresent) Botel Tobago: present Lanyu, a small island off the SE coast of Taiwan: present Luzon: present Mindoro: present Negros: present Panay: present
Philippines, seen from Camiguin, Luzon, Mindoro, Panay, and Negros. , mentions the species (as Pygeum megaphyllum) for Taiwan, which is quite plausible. I saw a sterile collection (C.E. Chang 3080) from Lanyu, a small island off the SE coast of Taiwan (Botel Tobago). This specimen may belong to P. fragrans, although identification remains a bit doubtful.


Merr. - in Enum. Philipp. Flow. Pl. 1923: 232
Elmer - in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 1913: 1622


Prunus fragrans (Elmer) Kalkman in Blumea 13: 74. 1965
  • Pygeum fragrans Elmer in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 2: 475. 1908
    • Lectotype: Elmer 7504.
  • =Parmarium coccineum Elmer in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 2: 578. 1909
  • Pygeum coccjneum (Elmer) Elmer in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 5: 1621. 1913
    • Type: Elmer 9787.
  • =Pygeum megaphyllum Elmer ex Merr. in Philipp. J. Sc., Bot. 10: 312. 1915
    • Type: Ramos BS 14923.