Archidendron bubalinum

Description

Small tree, rarely to 20 m high, 25 cm in diameter. Branchlets terete, red, glossy, drying reddish to light brown when dry, scaly, rusty puberulous, glabrescent. Leaves: Inflorescences terminal or axillary at the distal leaves, rusty tomentose-puberulous, ± glabrescent, consisting of pedunculate glomerules aggregated into panicles to 20 cm long; Flowers pentamerous, white, sweetly scented. Stamens c. 9 mm, the tube equalling the corolla-tube. Ovary solitary, glabrous. Seeds black, filling the entire cavity of the pod, the central ones irregularly disc-like, 8-15 mm high, terminal ones turbinate-truncate.

Distribution

Asia-Tropical:, Sumatera (Sumaterapresent) Malay Penimula: present S Thailand: present
S Thailand; in Malesia: Malay PenimulaSumatra.

Uses

Seeds used for flavouring food; they contain large amounts of djenkol acid and need the same treatment as those of 13. A. jiringa. Timber used for planking and said to be durable (cf. Burkill, l.c.).

Citation

Burkill - in Diet. 1935: 1789
Nielsen - in Fl. Thailand. 1985: 212
Whitm. - in Tree Fl. Malaya. 1972: 284
Corner - in Wayside Trees. 1940: 419
Heyne, Nutt. Pl. Ned. Ind., ed. 2. 1927: 700
Nielsen - in Opera Bot. 1984: f. 22

Synonymy

Archidendron bubalinum (Jack) Nielsen in Adansonia 19: 16. 1979
  • Inga bubalina Jack in Mai. Misc. 2: 771. 1822
  • Pithecellobium bigeminum var. bubalinum (Jack) Benth. in Lond. J. Bot. 3: 207. 1844
  • Pithecellobium bubalinum (Jack) Benth. in Trans. Linn. Soc. 30: 576. 1875
  • Feuilleea bubalina (Jack) O. Kuntze in Rev. Gen. Pl. 1: 187. 1891
  • Cylindrokelupha bubalina (Jack) Kosterm. in Bull. Org. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20: 20. 1954
  • Ortholobium bubalinum (Jack) Kosterm. in Commun. For. Res. Inst. 54: 7. 1956
  • =Pithecellobium ellipticum auct. non (Bl.) Hassk.: Ridley in Fl. Mai. Pen. 1: 661. 1922
  • =Pithecellobium lobatum auct. (non Benth.) Ridley: Ridley in Fl. Mai. Pen. 1: 661. 1922
  • =Albizia acradena Miq., Sumatra: 104, 281. 1960/61