Gomphia

Description

Shrubs or treelets. Leaves shortly petioled, chartaceous, nerves close, parallel, ± straight, curving upward near the margin, forming an inconspicuous marginal nerve and a conspicuous, somewhat wavy nerve parallel to the margin at some distance, veinlets reticulate, joining in irregular secondary nerves parallel to the primary ones. Stipules small, intrapetiolarly united, caducous. Inflorescences lateral and/or terminal thyrses with ± reduced branches; Flowers with a short, columnar, 5-ribbed gynophore, enlarging and sometimes turning subglobular in fruit. Sepals 5, tinged pinkish, accrescent. Petals 5, yellow, creamy or white. Stamens 10 in 1 whorl; Ovaries 5, obovoid; Fruits 1-2(-5), yellowish green, turning dark purple or blue-black when ripe.

Distribution

Africa, S. of the Sahara: present Asia-Temperate:, Hainan (Hainan present) Asia-Tropical: Ceylon: present E. Thailand: present Madagascar: present SW. Peninsular India: present W. Malesia: present
The majority of the species is found in Africa, S. of the Sahara, and in Madagascar. One sp. in SW. Peninsular India, Ceylon, E. Thailand, Indo-China, Hainan, and W. Malesia.

Citation

LINNÉ, Gen. Pl., ed. 5. 1754: 229
SCHREB. - in Blumea. 1968: 51
KANIS - in Taxon. 1967: 420, 422

Synonymy

Gomphia SCHREB., Gen. Pl., ed. 8: 291. 1789
  • Ochna LINNÉ in Sp. Pl. 1: 513. 1753
  • Meesia GAERTN. in Fruct. 1: 344. 1788
  • Ouratea [non AUBL. Hist. PL Gui. Fr. 1 (1775) 397] BAILL. in Hist. Pl. 4: emend. 1873
  • Campylocercum TIEGH. in Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 8: 546. 1902
  • Campylospermum TIEGH. in Morot, J. Bot. 16: 40, 194, 197. 1902
  • Cercinia TIEGH. in Morot, J. Bot. 16: 198. 1902

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