Melissa axillaris

Description

Erect herb, up to 1 m, ± woody at the base. Leaves thin or thick membranaceous, very variable in size and shape; Flowers usually 4-8 in axillary verticillasters. Stamens:

Distribution

Asia-Tropical:, Borneopresent; Indiapresent Gajo Lands: present Mt Kerintji: present N.-Central Sumatra: present SW. China: present Southern America:, Argentina Northeast (Formosapresent) W.-Central Java: present
From India to SW. China and Formosa; in Malesia: N.-Central Sumatra (Gajo Lands; Mt Kerintji) and W.-Central Java (Mt Patuha eastwards to Mt Merbabu).
MIQUEL (l.c.) and MERRILL () recorded it from Borneo, but this must rest on an error, possibly confusion with Leucas flaccida.

Uses

On Mt Diëng (Central Java) leaves are externally used against head-ache.

Citation

MUKERJEE - in Rec. Bot. Surv. India. 1940: 100
BÜNNEMEIJER - in Trop. Natuur. 1918: f. 14
BTH., Lab. Gen. Sp. 1834: 394
HOOK.F. - in Fl. Br. Ind. 1885: 651
STEEN. - in Bull. Jard. Bot. Btzg. 1934: 227
DUNN - in Not. R. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 1915: 160
BTH., Lab. Gen. Sp. 1834: 394
STEEN., Mt. Fl. Java. 1972: pl. 25-5
KENG - in Gard. Bull. Sing. 1969: f. 18
MIQ. - in Fl. Ind. Bat. 1859: 969
BAKH.F. - in Hara, Fl. E. Himal. 2nd Report. 1971: 115
KUDO - in Mem. Fac. Sc. & Agr. Taihoku Un. 1929: 96
Bl. - in DC., Prod. 12. 1848: 241
MURATA - in Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 1969: 84
KOORD. - in Exk. Fl. Java. 1912: 149
BTH. - in DC., Prod. 12. 1848: 241

Synonymy

Melissa axillaris BAKH.F. in Back., & Bakh. F. Fl. Java 2: 629. 1965
  • Melissa hirsuta Bl., Bijdr.: 830. 1826
  • Geniosporum axillare BTH. in Wall., Pl. As. Rar. 2: 18. 1830-1831
  • Melissa parviflora BTH. in Wall., Pl. As. Rar. 1: 65. 1830
  • Calamintha gracilis var. pilosior MIQ. in Fl. Ind. Bat. 2: 968. 1859