A. K.H. Rechinger 1964: Flora of Lowland Iraq, B. Loutfy Boulos 1991: A Synopsis of Chenopodium L. Studies in the Chenopodiaceae of Arabia: 4. – Kew Bulletin 46(2): 301-305, C. Wolfgang Adler & Alexander Ch. Mrkvicka 2003: Die Flora Wiens, gestern und heute: p.153, D. Jacques Lambinon & Filip Verloove 2012: Nouvelle Flore de la Belgique, du G-.D. de Luxembourg, du nord de la France et des Régions voisines, 6th: p.161, E. Marie Zajac, Adam Zajac & Bogdan Zemanek 2006: Flora Cracoviensis Secunda: p.64
Europe and Asia (except for the northern parts).
Distribution. Distribution within Norden, see the subspecies.
Therophyte (summer-annual). 20-80 cm. Stem ± subangular, striped with green, rarely with small red spots in the leaf axils, erect; branches short, mainly in the upper part. Leaves usually ± pure light green, farinose especially when young; petiole \ 12-213 as long as the blade; blade 3-lobed or rarely without lobes, 4-8 cm, up to 4.5 cm wide at the widest point; midlobe ± oblong, usually with parallel margins, making up 2/3 (-3/4) of the blade length, up to 1.5 cm wide, coarsely sinuate-serrate to subentire, rarely entire; teeth obtuse (if present); side-lobes conspicuous, forward-projecting,sometimes with a large tooth. Bracts narrowly elliptic to lanceolate; margin usually entire. Inflorescences terminal, bracteate only in the lowermost parts, richly branched, panicle-like; glomerules small, dense. Flowers mostly bisexual. Tepals 5, connate halfway or more, ± farinose, keeled, often with narrow membranous margin; apex obtuse to acute. Stamens 5. Stigmas 2, 0.5-1 mm. Nut falling with the perianth; pericarp fairly easily detached. Seed horizontal, orbicular in outline, 0.8-1 mm; edge rounded; seed-coat black, glossy, with close pits; pits radially elongated (but more isodiametric near the margin). - Autumn. [2n=18]
English (Great Britain): Fig-leaved GoosefootF
F. Clive Stace 1997: New Flora of the British Isles, 2nd