Crocus sativus L.

Crocus sativus L.

Placement status: excluded (Not established spice crop, cultivated in the Kozani area (village of Krokos!), but scarcely found outside fields.)

Synonymy

    http://150.140.202.8/files/Others4/large/CrocusSativus.jpg

    Content

    Notes

    Not established spice crop (saffron), cultivated in the Kozani area (village of Krokos!), but scarcely found outside fields. Evolutionary origin, parental species and allo- or autotriploidy of Crocus sativus has been a matter of discussion for almost a century. As recently demonstrated by Schmidt & al. (2019), C. sativus is an autotriploid hybrid derived from heterogeneous cytotypes of the Greek endemic C. cartwrightianus, hence a sterile triploid taxon propagated only as a clonal lineage by corms. It is the source of the most expensive spice of the world, produced from manually harvested stigmas, thus serving as a cash crop for rural communities.

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