Tulipa orphanidea is a slender tulip named after Theodoros Orphanides (cf. Plate 2: 1). First discovered on Mt Parnitha on Attiki it is otherwise endemic to Peloponnisos, growing in meadows and formerly cultivated land in dolines, generally at 700–1600 m. The flowers vary from yellow to red, but are usually various shades of orange. Similar plants from the island of Lesvos have been described as T. theophrasti, but are presumably conspecific with the Anatolian T. bithynica.
Greece (Peloponnisos present; Sterea Ellas present)
Native / Range-Restricted
Xeric Mediterranean Phrygana and grasslands, Agricultural and Ruderal habitats
Presidential Decree 67/81
Endemic to the southern Greek mainland. Alleged presence in KK (Euro+Med 2006–) is based on the inclusion of T. goulimyi and T. doerfleri in a broader concept of T. orphanidea by Zonneveld (2009) and Christenhusz et al. (2013) which is refused here on morphological, evolutionary, phytogeographical and ecological grounds (see, e.g., Fielding & Turland 2005: 523).