Tulipa orphanidea Heldr.

Tulipa orphanidea Heldr.



    Taxon info

    Tulipa orphanidea is a slender tulip named after Theodoros Orphanides (cf. Plate 2: 1). First discovered on Mt Parnitha on Attiki it is otherwise endemic to Peloponnisos, growing in meadows and formerly cultivated land in dolines, generally at 700–1600 m. The flowers vary from yellow to red, but are usually various shades of orange. Similar plants from the island of Lesvos have been described as T. theophrasti, but are presumably conspecific with the Anatolian T. bithynica.A
    A. Dimopoulos, P., Raus, Th., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, Th., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A. & Tzanoudakis, D. 2013: Vascular plants of Greece: An annotated checklist. 31: p. 348 [Plate 16.8]


    GR(Pe StE

    Greece (Peloponnisos present; Sterea Ellas present)


    Native / Range-Restricted


    Greek endemic


    Geophyte (Cryptophyte)


    Xeric Mediterranean Phrygana and grasslands, Agricultural and Ruderal habitats

    IUCN category

    Not Evaluated

    Presidential Decree 67/81



    Endemic to the southern Greek mainland. Alleged presence in KK (Euro+Med 2006–) is based on the inclusion of T. goulimyi and T. doerfleri in a broader concept of T. orphanidea by Zonneveld (2009) and Christenhusz et al. (2013) which is refused here on morphological, evolutionary, phytogeographical and ecological grounds (see, e.g., Fielding & Turland 2005: 523).

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