Cenchrus spinifex Cav.

Cenchrus spinifex Cav.

Placement status: name or taxon excluded (unspecific)


    • "Cenchrus incertus" auct. fl. graec., non M.A. Curtis
    • "Cenchrus tribuloides" auct. fl. graec., non L.



    Greece (North Aegean islands present)


    Alien / Non-established


    [North American]




    Agricultural and Ruderal habitats

    IUCN category

    Not Evaluated

    Presidential Decree 67/81



    Cenchrus spinifex Cav. Gr Thasos: Skala Rachoniou, at roadside, 6 m, 40°46'34"N, 24°36'15"E, 11.11.2016, Biel 16.022; W-NW of Rachoni, edge of dirt road, 30 m, 40°45'51"N, 24°37'07"E, 14.11.2016, Biel obs. New for Greece. On dampish ground at roadsides, late-flowering, with 15–30 individuals in full fruiting state. The large ‘burs’ (fascicles) are white villous pubescent and with a single, ca. 6 mm long, sessile spikelet within.

    The plants were previously identified as C. tribuloides L. (Biel & Tan 2016: 432); Cenchrus spinifex Cav. is even larger in all its floral parts (spines and spikelets) and the ‘burs’ are even more densely villous pubescent, but the species is not known to be weedy.

    • Biel B. & Tan K. 2017: Reports 9–32. – Pp. 121–124 in: Vladimirov V., Aybeke M. & Tan K. (ed.), New floristic records in the Balkans: 32. – Phytol. Balcan. 32: 119–146.
    • Verloove, F. & Sánchez Gullón, E. 2012: A taxonomic revision of non-native Cenchrus s.str. (Paniceae, Poaceae) in the Mediterranean area. – Willdenowia 42: 67-75.

    © Images used on this website remain copyright of the individual photographer. To obtain permission to use images in publications or websites, for personal use, such as PowerPoint presentations, please contact the editors at: pdimopoulos@upatras.gr