Terminalia amazonia

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Terminalia amazonia


Deciduous tree (4-)10-60(-70) m, with plank buttresses, sometimes branching, up to 3 m high and up to 2 m from trunk. Leaves chartaceous to subcoriaceous, usually obovate, less often obovate-oblong or -elliptic or narrowly so, (2-)4-10(-15) x 2-5(-6.5) cm, apex rounded to acute or gradually or abruptly acuminate, base cuneate to attenuate-cuneate, glabrous to sparsely pubescent above, subglabrous to pubescent except usually pubescent on main veins below; domatia pocket-shaped or bowl-shaped; venation eucamptodromous or eucamptodromous-brochidodromous, midvein moderate, prominent, secondary veins 3-5 pairs, distant, originating at moderately or sometimes widely acute angles, curved, prominent, intersecondary veins usually absent, tertiary veins closely and very regularly and conspicuously percurrent; higher order veins occasionally distinct; areolation imperfect or incomplete, slightly prominent petiole 0.2-1.5 cm long, eglandular or biglandular (sometimes more). Inflorescence 5-24 cm long, simple, all flowers bisexual or some to many with reduced female parts; peduncle 1-3 cm long, appressed-pubescent; rhachis 4-21 cm long, appressed-pubescent. Flowers 5-merous, 2.5-4 x 2.5-3.5 mm; lower hypanthium 1.5-2 mm long, densely appressed- or sometimes patent-pubescent,upper hypanthium shallowly campanulate to shallowly infundibuliform, 0.5-1 mm long, appressed-pubescent or sparsely so; calyx lobes suberect to patent, 0.3-0.8 mm long, appressed-pubescent or sparsely so; stamens 2-4 mm long; disk subglabrous to pilose; style 2.5-3.5 mm long, glabrous. Infructescence with numerous fruits disposed along whole length of rhachis; fruit usually straw-coloured, pubescent to sparsely pubescent, 0.5-0.7(-1) x 0.8-1.8(-2.2) cm, variously flattened, transverselyoblong in side view, apex truncate but shortly beaked, base truncate or slightly retuse but sometimes very shortly pseudostipitate, wings 2-5, flexible, unequal, 2 lateral ones 0.3-1 cm wide, rounded or narrowly rounded laterally, the other 3 varying from strong ridges to wings up to 2 mm wide, body 0.15-0.35 cm wide, bulging and keeled to winged on both faces.


Guianas present, Northern America: Mexico Gulf (Veracruz present), Southern America: Brazil North (ParĂ¡ present, Tocantins present), central Bolivia present, central Brazil present
Widespread from Mexico (Veracruz) to central Bolivia and central Brazil (ParĂ¡, Tocantins); about 82 specimens from the Guianas (GU: 18; SU: 27; FG: 37).

Common Name

English (French Guiana): katuma; English (Guyana): fukadi; English (Suriname): anagosuti, bosamandel, foekadie, gemberhout, gindya-udu, ginja hoedoe, itju tano kawai, itoetanoe kwai, kalebashout, katurimja, komanti kwatii, kuware, kwai, sansan-udu, saraija


Flowering and fruiting .


An important timber known as Nargusta or Roble Coral in the international trade.