Macrocarpaea

Primary tabs

Macrocarpaea

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Apex>Shape

various shapes1
1. 004-002-005-001

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Fusion>Relative distance

ca. 1/2 of length2
2. 004-002-001-001

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobes>Shape

various shapes, with dorsally thickened glandular area, not keeled or winged3
3. 004-002-004-001

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Fusion>Relative distance

ca. 3/4 of length4
4. 004-004-001-001

<<<Flowers>Stamens>Anthers>Shape

linear5
5. 004-006-002-001

<<<Fruits>Seeds>Testa pattern>Shape

concave and/or dome-like6
6. 005-001-002-001

<<Flowers>Calyx>Apex

apex of ;7
7. 004-002-005

<<Flowers>Calyx>Fusion

fused for8
8. 004-002-001

<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobes

lobes of ,9
9. 004-002-004

<<Flowers>Calyx>Shape

campanulate10
10. 004-002-003

<<Flowers>Calyx>Texture

leathery to thin-leathery11
11. 004-002-002

<<Flowers>Corolla bud apex>Shape

rounded12
12. 004-003-001

<<Flowers>Corolla>Fusion

fused for13
13. 004-004-001

<<Flowers>Corolla>Shape

funnel-shaped, tubular, or salver-shaped14
14. 004-004-003

<<Flowers>Corolla>Texture

fleshy in most species15
15. 004-004-002

<<Flowers>Pistil>Stigma

stigma bilamellate.16
16. 004-008-001

<<Flowers>Stamens>Anthers

anthers ;17
17. 004-006-002

<<Flowers>Stamens>Base

base of filaments without appendages or a corona,18
18. 004-006-001

<<Fruits>Seeds>Shape

angular, rounded, or flat19
19. 005-001-001

<<Fruits>Seeds>Testa pattern

testa pattern with cells.20
20. 005-001-002

<Flowers>Androecium

androecium zygomorphic with stamens and style bent towards bottom of corolla mouth;21
21. 004-005

<Flowers>Calyx

calyx , , ,22
22. 004-002

<Flowers>Corolla

corolla , , ;23
23. 004-004

<Flowers>Corolla bud apex

corolla bud apex ;24
24. 004-003

<Flowers>Merosity

5-merous25
25. 004-001

<Flowers>Pistil

pistil with nectary disk around base,26
26. 004-008

<Flowers>Pollen

pollen in monads;27
27. 004-007

<Flowers>Stamens

stamens inserted in corolla tube, of unequal length,28
28. 004-006

<Fruits>Seeds

seeds ,29
29. 005-001

<Habit>Height

1-10 m high30
30. 001-001

<Inflorescences>Bracts and bracteoles

bracts and bracteoles leaf-like or scale-like towards inflorescence apex.31
31. 003-002

<Inflorescences>Position

terminal32
32. 003-001

<Leaves>Length

3-60 cm long33
33. 002-001

<Leaves>Veins

camptodromous-veined.34
34. 002-002

Description

Branched to nearly unbranched shrubs, treelets, or trees 1-10 m high. Leaves sessile or petiolate, 3-60 cm long; camptodromous-veined. Inflorescences terminal, cymose or sometimes a thyrse; bracts and bracteoles leaf-like or scale-like towards inflorescence apex. Flowers pedicellate, 5-merous, slightly zygomorphic; calyx fused for ca. 1/2 of length, leathery to thin-leathery, campanulate, lobes of various shapes, with dorsally thickened glandular area, not keeled or winged, apex of various shapes; corolla bud apex rounded; corolla fused for ca. 3/4 of length, fleshy in most species, funnel-shaped, tubular, or salver-shaped; androecium zygomorphic with stamens and style bent towards bottom of corolla mouth; stamens inserted in corolla tube, of unequal length, base of filaments without appendages or a corona, anthers linear; pollen in monads; pistil with nectary disk around base, stigma bilamellate. Fruit a capsule, with calyx persistent and corolla deciduous; seeds angular, rounded, or flat, testa pattern with concave and/or dome-like cells.

Distribution

Andes present, Atlantic forest of SE Brazil present, Dominican Republic present, Greater Antilles present, Guyana present, Jamaica present, Mt. Ayanganna present, Southern America: Bolivia (Bolivia present); Colombia (Colombia present); Costa Rica (Costa Rica present); Cuba (Cuba present); Ecuador (Ecuador present); Panamá (Panamá present); Peru (Peru present); Venezuela (Venezuela present), Venezuelan tepuis present, tepuis of Venezuela and Guyana present
A neotropical genus of about 110 species, from Costa Rica, Panama, the Greater Antilles of the Caribbean (Jamaica, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic), the Andes (Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia), the tepuis of Venezuela and Guyana and the Atlantic forest of SE Brazil; 1 species in Guyana (Mt. Ayanganna); on the Venezuelan tepuis an additional 5 species occur.

Flowers

Flowers pedicellate, , slightly zygomorphic;35
35. 004

Fruits

Fruit a capsule, with calyx persistent and corolla deciduous;36
36. 005

Habit

Branched to nearly unbranched shrubs, treelets, or trees .37
37. 001

Inflorescences

Inflorescences , cymose or sometimes a thyrse;38
38. 003

Leaves

Leaves sessile or petiolate, ;39
39. 002