Nautilocalyx kohlerioides

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Nautilocalyx kohlerioides

Content

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Base>Width

0.5 cm wide1
1. 005-007-004-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Limbs>Width

1.5-2 cm wide2
2. 005-007-006-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes>Dimensions

0.6-1 x 0.6-1 cm3
3. 005-007-007-003

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes>Growth form

spreading4
4. 005-007-007-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes>Shape

nearly orbicular5
5. 005-007-007-002

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Margins>Margin type

entire or obscurely toothed6
6. 005-007-008-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Throat>Hairs

outside densely villous, inside pilose in throat7
7. 005-007-005-002

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Throat>Width

0.5-0.9 cm wide8
8. 005-007-005-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube>Length

2.2-2.5 cm long9
9. 005-007-003-002

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube>Shape

cylindric10
10. 005-007-003-001

<<<Calyx>Ovary>Style>Hairs

glabrous11
11. 005-009-004-002

<<<Calyx>Ovary>Style>Length

0.8-1.7 cm long12
12. 005-009-004-001

<<<Leaves>Blade>Base>Hairs

above strigillose, below villous13
13. 003-002-006-002

<<<Leaves>Blade>Base>Shape

rounded and often unequal-sided14
14. 003-002-006-001

<<<Leaves>Blade>Larger leaf blade>Length

7-12 cm long15
15. 003-002-003-001

<<<Leaves>Blade>Larger leaf blade>Width

4-6 cm wide16
16. 003-002-003-002

<<<Leaves>Blade>Margins>Margin type

crenate-serrate17
17. 003-002-004-001

<<Calyx>Apex>Hairs

outside villous, inside pubescent except for villous apex18
18. 005-006-001

<<Calyx>Colour>Hairs

pinkish pubescence when in fruit19
19. 005-001-001

<<Calyx>Corolla>Base

base shortly spurred, , middle slightly widened,20
20. 005-007-004

<<Calyx>Corolla>Colour

bright red21
21. 005-007-001

<<Calyx>Corolla>Length

2.7-3.2 cm long22
22. 005-007-002

<<Calyx>Corolla>Limbs

limb ,23
23. 005-007-006

<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes

lobes subequal, , , ,24
24. 005-007-007

<<Calyx>Corolla>Margins

margin ;25
25. 005-007-008

<<Calyx>Corolla>Throat

throat slightly contracted, , ,26
26. 005-007-005

<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube

tube , ,27
27. 005-007-003

<<Calyx>Free portion of lobes>Dimensions

1-2.2 x 0.3-0.5 cm28
28. 005-004-004

<<Calyx>Free portion of lobes>Dorsal lobes

dorsal one curved around spur, somewhat smaller and narrower29
29. 005-004-005

<<Calyx>Free portion of lobes>Growth form

erect30
30. 005-004-002

<<Calyx>Free portion of lobes>Lobe number

431
31. 005-004-001

<<Calyx>Free portion of lobes>Shape

lanceolate32
32. 005-004-003

<<Calyx>Margins>Margin type

serrate33
33. 005-005-001

<<Calyx>Ovary>Dimensions

0.4 x 0.3-0.5 cm34
34. 005-009-002

<<Calyx>Ovary>Hairs

hirsute35
35. 005-009-003

<<Calyx>Ovary>Shape

ovoid36
36. 005-009-001

<<Calyx>Ovary>Stigma

stigma saucer-shaped.37
37. 005-009-005

<<Calyx>Ovary>Style

style , ,38
38. 005-009-004

<<Calyx>Stamens>Relative distance

inserted at about 0.2 cm from base of corolla39
39. 005-008-001

<<Calyx>Tube>Length

0.1 cm40
40. 005-003-001

<<Flowers>Pedicels>Hairs

villous41
41. 004-003-002

<<Flowers>Pedicels>Length

1.5-4 cm long42
42. 004-003-001

<<Leaves>Blade>Apex

apex acuminate,43
43. 003-002-005

<<Leaves>Blade>Base

base , .44
44. 003-002-006

<<Leaves>Blade>Larger leaf blade

blade of the larger leaf in a pair ,45
45. 003-002-003

<<Leaves>Blade>Margins

margin ,46
46. 003-002-004

<<Leaves>Blade>Shape

ovate, oblong-ovate or oblong-elliptic47
47. 003-002-002

<<Leaves>Blade>Texture

chartaceous when dry48
48. 003-002-001

<<Leaves>Petiole>Hairs

ochraceous-tomentose49
49. 003-001-002

<<Leaves>Petiole>Length

1-4.5 cm long50
50. 003-001-001

<Calyx>Apex

apex acuminate, ;51
51. 005-006

<Calyx>Colour

green, with52
52. 005-001

<Calyx>Corolla

corolla oblique in calyx, , ,53
53. 005-007

<Calyx>Free portion of lobes

free portion of lobes , subequal, leafy, , , ,54
54. 005-004

<Calyx>Lobes

lobes connate at base,55
55. 005-002

<Calyx>Margins

margin ,56
56. 005-005

<Calyx>Ovary

ovary , , ,57
57. 005-009

<Calyx>Stamens

stamens included, ;58
58. 005-008

<Calyx>Tube

tube ,59
59. 005-003

<Flowers>Flower number

solitary60
60. 004-001

<Flowers>Pedicels

pedicel , .61
61. 004-003

<Flowers>Peduncle

epedunculate;62
62. 004-002

<Habit>Height

about 15-30 cm tall63
63. 001-001

<Leaves>Blade

blade , , ,64
64. 003-002

<Leaves>Petiole

petiole , ;65
65. 003-001

<Mature capsules>Dimensions

1 x 1 cm66
66. 006-002

<Mature capsules>Shape

globose67
67. 006-001

<Stems>Growth form

creeping68
68. 002-001

<Stems>Hairs

ochraceous-tomentose69
69. 002-002

Calyx

Calyx ,70
70. 005

Common Name

English (French Guiana): ka'iuwitoto, yamuleka'apilã, yamulepila

Description

Terrestrial herb, about 15-30 cm tall. Stem sappy, creeping, ochraceous-tomentose. Leaves equal or unequal in a pair; petiole 1-4.5 cm long, ochraceous-tomentose; blade chartaceous when dry, ovate, oblong-ovate or oblong-elliptic, blade of the larger leaf in a pair 7-12 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, margin crenate-serrate, apex acuminate, base rounded and often unequal-sided, above strigillose, below villous. Flowers solitary; epedunculate; pedicel 1.5-4 cm long, villous. Calyx green, with pinkish pubescence when in fruit, lobes connate at base, tube 0.1 cm, free portion of lobes 4erect, subequal, leafy, lanceolate, 1-2.2 x 0.3-0.5 cm, dorsal one curved around spur, somewhat smaller and narrower, margin serrate, apex acuminate, outside villous, inside pubescent except for villous apex; corolla oblique in calyx, bright red, 2.7-3.2 cm long, tube cylindric, 2.2-2.5 cm long, base shortly spurred, 0.5 cm wide, middle slightly widened, throat slightly contracted, 0.5-0.9 cm wide, outside densely villous, inside pilose in throat, limb 1.5-2 cm wide, lobes subequal, spreading, nearly orbicular, 0.6-1 x 0.6-1 cm, margin entire or obscurely toothed; stamens included, inserted at about 0.2 cm from base of corolla; ovary ovoid, 0.4 x 0.3-0.5 cm, hirsute, style 0.8-1.7 cm long, glabrous, stigma saucer-shaped. Mature capsule globose, 1 x 1 cm.

Distribution

Amaprá present, French Guiana present, Southern America
Brazil (Amaprá) and French Guiana; 23 collections studied (FG: 20).

Flowers

Flowers ;71
71. 004

Habit

Terrestrial herb, .72
72. 001

Individuals Association

Trois Saut, Oldeman T-948 Tamouri R., Lescure 119 Oyapock R., un peu en amont du Saut Kouamantapéré, Oldeman T-667

Leaves

Leaves equal or unequal in a pair;73
73. 003

Mature capsules

Mature capsule , .74
74. 006

Phenology

Collected in flower in .

Stems

Stem sappy, , .75
75. 002

Uses

The Wayãpi Amerindians provided different informations: some of them called yamuleka'apilã both Nautilocalyx kohlerioides and Columnea calotricha, and used the leaves of either one crumpled and macerated in water as febrifuge in external wash, or against headaches in poultice rubbed on the forehead. Others used only Nautilocalyx kohlerioides called ka'iuwitoto. The flowers and leaves were used in decoction or maceration, as external wash for the babies at risk of declining health because their father transgressed a hunting taboo concerning Cebus apella (Grenand et al., 1987).