Haemodoraceae

Primary tabs

Haemodoraceae

<<<Flowers>Ovary>Ovules>Ovule number per locule

3-∞1
1. 004-003-002-001

<<<Flowers>Ovary>Style>Shape

filiform2
2. 004-003-003-001

<<<Flowers>Stamens>Filaments>Hairs

glabrous3
3. 004-002-002-001

<<<Flowers>Stamens>Staminodes>Position

inserted at the base of the outer tepals4
4. 004-002-004-002

<<<Flowers>Stamens>Staminodes>Staminode number

0-25
5. 004-002-004-001

<<<Flowers>Tepals>Arrangement>Whorl number

2 whorls6
6. 004-001-002-001

<<<Habit>Rhizome>Latex>Colour

with a red7
7. 001-001-001-001

<<Flowers>Ovary>Locule number

3-locular8
8. 004-003-001

<<Flowers>Ovary>Ovules

ovules per locule, anatropous, with axile placentation,9
9. 004-003-002

<<Flowers>Ovary>Stigma

stigma small, simple to slightly 3-lobulate.10
10. 004-003-004

<<Flowers>Ovary>Style

style , persistent,11
11. 004-003-003

<<Flowers>Stamens>Anthers

anthers dithecic, basifixed, introrsely and longitudinally dehiscent,12
12. 004-002-003

<<Flowers>Stamens>Filaments

filaments short, ,13
13. 004-002-002

<<Flowers>Stamens>Stamen number

314
14. 004-002-001

<<Flowers>Stamens>Staminodes

staminodes , ;15
15. 004-002-004

<<Flowers>Tepals>Arrangement

arranged in16
16. 004-001-002

<<Flowers>Tepals>Shape

free or basally connate17
17. 004-001-003

<<Flowers>Tepals>Tepal number

618
18. 004-001-001

<<Fruits>Seeds>Endosperm

with abundant starchy endosperm19
19. 005-002-003

<<Fruits>Seeds>Seed number per locule

2-∞20
20. 005-002-001

<<Fruits>Seeds>Texture

tuberculate21
21. 005-002-002

<<Habit>Rhizome>Latex

latex22
22. 001-001-001

<<Inflorescences>Indumentum>Hairs

hairs23
23. 003-003-001

<Flowers>Ovary

ovary superior, ,24
24. 004-003

<Flowers>Stamens

stamens , unequal, inserted at the base of the inner tepals,25
25. 004-002

<Flowers>Tepals

tepals , , imbricate, , petaloid, subequal;26
26. 004-001

<Fruits>Locule number

3-locular27
27. 005-001

<Fruits>Seeds

seeds per locule, , .28
28. 005-002

<Habit>Rhizome

rhizomes .29
29. 001-001

<Inflorescences>Cincinni

the partial florescences lax or dense cincinni30
30. 003-002

<Inflorescences>Indumentum

indument composed of simple31
31. 003-003

<Inflorescences>Position

terminal32
32. 003-001

<Leaves>Shape

linear to ensiform, mainly radical, sheathing at the base, longitudinally connate towards the apex33
33. 002-001

Description

Perennial, rhizomatose, sometimes stoloniferous herbs; rhizomes with a red latex. Leaves parallel-veined, distichous, equitant, linear to ensiform, mainly radical, sheathing at the base, longitudinally connate towards the apex. Inflorescence a terminal, bracteate thyrse, the partial florescences lax or dense cincinni, indument composed of simple hairs. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic to zygomorphic, shortly pedicellate, tepals 6, arranged in 2 whorls, imbricate, free or basally connate, petaloid, subequal; stamens 3, unequal, inserted at the base of the inner tepals, filaments short, glabrous, anthers dithecic, basifixed, introrsely and longitudinally dehiscent, staminodes 0-2, inserted at the base of the outer tepals; ovary superior, 3-locular, ovules 3-∞ per locule, anatropous, with axile placentation, style filiform, persistent, stigma small, simple to slightly 3-lobulate. Fruit a 3-locular loculicidal capsule; seeds 2-∞ per locule, tuberculate, with abundant starchy endosperm.

Distribution

Africa: Guinea (Guinea present), Australasia, Neotropics present present, South Africa present, U.S.A present
About 80 species in 14 genera, in South Africa, Australia, New Guinea, and the Neotropics; 4 genera comprising 5 species in the Neotropics, 1 of which also occurring in the U.S.A.

Flowers

Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic to zygomorphic, shortly pedicellate,34
34. 004

Fruits

Fruit a loculicidal capsule;35
35. 005

Habit

Perennial, rhizomatose, sometimes stoloniferous herbs;36
36. 001

Individuals Association

Guyana, Parker, C.S. s.n. Guyana, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 4317 Suriname, Hostmann, F.W.R. et al. s.n. Suriname, Lanjouw, J. et al. 984 Suriname, Maas, P.J.M. et al. 3177 Suriname, Wessels Boer, J.G. 1876 Suriname, Maguire, B. et al. 24027 Guyana, Tate, G.H.H. 20 Suriname, BW 7047 Cremers, G.A. 6573 Suriname, Heijligers, P.C. and M.A. Knoppe 334 Suriname, Rombouts, H.E. 82 Guyana, Goodland, R.J.A. et al. 678 Humboldt, F.W.H.A. von and A.J. Bonpland 843 Raynal-Roques, A. and C. Tirel 18493 Guyana, Jenman, G.S. 5724 Suriname, Irwin, H.S. et al. 55731A Fleury, M. 807 Granville, J.-J. de 1054 Maguire, B. et al. 30496 Guyana, Maguire, B. et al. 40812 Suriname, BW 320 Suriname, Lindeman, J.C., A.R.A. Gorts-van Rijn et al. 482 Cremers, G.A. 7323 Suriname, Versteeg, G.M. 339 Cremers, G.A. 4513 Prance, G.T., P. J. M. Maas et al. 15864 Guyana, Schomburgk, Ri. 1312 Guyana, Pipoly, J.J. 5049 Suriname, Schulz, J.P. LBB 8968 Feuillet, C.P.G.A. 501 Sauvain, M. 283 Guyana, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 2579 Suriname, Wessels Boer, J.G. 1371 Richard, L.C. s.n. Suriname, Versteeg, G.M. 640 Guyana, Wilson Browne, G. 160 Schnell, R. 11309 Sagot, P.A. s.n. Granville, J.-J. de 4671 Guyana, Forest Dep. Brit. Guyana 2909 Suriname, Irwin, H.S. et al. 54635 Suriname, Kappler, A. s.n. Irwin, H.S. et al. 47953 Guyana, Graham, E.H. 396 Suriname, Wessels Boer, J.G. 1310 Guyana, Pipoly, J.J. 4939 Guyana, Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. et al. 691 Guyana, Irwin, H.S. et al. 118 Philippe, M. 330 Chaffanjon, J. 185 Guyana, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 1049 Guyana, Forest Dep. Brit. Guyana 1028 Suriname, Lanjouw, J. et al. 956 Suriname, Lanjouw, J. et al. 2141 Service Forestier 7946 Guyana, Altson, R.A. 580 Lescure, J.P. 701 Benoist, R. 819 Guyana, Maas, P.J.M. et al. 3677 Granville, J.-J. de 241 Guyana, Linder, D.H. 182 Guyana, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 1240 Suriname, Wessels Boer, J.G. 833 Guyana, Jenman, G.S. 2001 Guyana, Archer, W.A. 2364 Guyana, Goodland, R.J.A. et al. 255 Oldeman, R.A.A. B-3008 Melinon, E.M. s.n. Cremers, G.A. 7061 Suriname, Florschiitz, P.A. et al. 1351 Suriname, Jonker-Verhoef, A.M.E. and F.P. Jonker 624 Guyana, Beckett, J.E. s.n. Suriname, Boon, H. 1023 Guyana, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 4180 Guyana, Jenman, G.S. 5164 Sagot, P.A. 556 Guyana, Drake, E. s.n. Guyana, Warren, G.B. s.n. Villiers, J.F. 3942 Skog, L.E. et al. 7503 Guyana, Schomburgk, Ro. first series, I 1195 Suriname, Jonker-Verhoef, A.M.E. and F.P. Jonker 476 Guyana, Pipoly, J.J. 3506 Granville, J.-J. de 2543 Guyana, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 2902 Guyana, Maguire, B. et al. 23870 Guyana, Cooper, A. 252 Guyana, Appun, C.F. 2141 Guyana, Schomburgk, Ro., second series II 40 Guyana, Maas, P.J.M. et al. 7624 Guyana, Schomburgk, Ro. first series, I 790 Suriname, Tresling, J. 229 Oldeman, R.A.A. B-4347 Suriname, Samuels, J.A. 211 Feuillet, C.P.G.A. 1170 Guyana, Jenman, G.S. 2141 Guyana, Jenman, G.S. 5431 Raynal-Roques, A. and C. Tirel 18364 Guyana, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 3531 Suriname, BW 2945 Sastre, C. and F. 72 Granville, J.-J. de 5513 Suriname, BW 3352 Guyana, Forest Dep. Brit. Guyana 160 Suriname, Irwin, H.S. et al. 54854 Granville, J.-J. de C-100 Suriname, Florschiitz, P.A. et al. 94 Hoff, M. et al. 6564 Suriname, Collector indigeniis surinamensis 272 Granville, J.-J. de B-4465 p.p. Suriname, Lindeman, J.C., A.L. Stoffers et al. 42 Guyana, Jenman, G.S. 5728 Oldeman, R.A.A. 2849 Leguillou, E.J.F. s.n. Riera, B. 712 Guyana, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 3874 Guyana, Pipoly, J.J. 3742 Prevost, M.F. 1856 Guyana, Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. et al. 1085 Suriname, BW 4586 Guyana, Maguire, B. et al. 22768 Guyana, Forest Dep. Brit. Guyana 3663 Suriname, Hekking, W.H.A. 988 Suriname, Went, F.A.F.C. 1065 Suriname, Wessels Boer, J.G. 371 Guyana, Pipoly, J.J. 5311 Guyana, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 1856 Guyana, Appun, C.F. 1360 Suriname, Hostmann, F.W.R. et al. 444 Suriname, Splitgerber, F.L. s.n. Guyana, Maguire, B. et al. 40786 Granville, J.-J. de 3080 Sauvain, M. 295 Oldeman, R.A.A. 1029 Suriname, Florschiitz, P.A. et al. 1411 Guyana, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 4425 Guyana, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 1630 Guyana, Harrison, S.G. 1307 Raynal-Roques, A. and C. Tirel 18580 Oldeman, R.A.A. T-944 Sastre, C. 1720 Suriname, Florschiitz, P.A. et al. 2416 Suriname, Lindeman, J.C., A.R.A. Gorts-van Rijn et al. 318 Service Forestier 3541 Oldeman, R.A.A. B-3275 Suriname, Hulk, J.F. 278 Prevost, M.F. 1417 Suriname, Went, F.A.F.C. 79 Granville, J.-J. de 2199 Suriname, Pulle, A.A. 29 Guyana, Lloyd, C.A. 32 Foresta, H. de 558 Jacquemin, H. 1519 Gaillard, A. 52 Suriname, Florschiitz, P.A. et al. 1735 Sagot, P.A. 766 Oldeman, R.A.A. T-692 Guyana, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 3443 Guyana, Forest Dep. Brit. Guyana 7962 Lofling, P. s.n. Suriname, Lanjouw, J. et al. 3353 Oldeman, R.A.A. B-1553 Benoist, R. 524 Guyana, Appun, C.F. 248 Guyana, Bartlett, AW. 8040 Guyana, Maguire, B. et al. 53984 Oldeman, R.A.A. B-561 Guyana, Cruz, J.S. de Ia 1227 Guyana, Wolstenholme, G.E. s.n. Sauvain, M. 539 Suriname, Focke, H.C. s.n. Suriname, Hostmann, F.W.R. et al. 1654 Granville, J.-J. de 550 Service Forestier 5072 Suriname, Wessels Boer, J.G. 845 Sastre, C. and F. and C. Moretti 3846 Suriname, Focke, H.C. 293 Guyana, Hardy, T. 245 Aublet, J.B.C.F. s.n. Guyana, Forest Dep. Brit. Guyana 2025 Guyana, Sandwith, N.Y. 1556 Suriname, Heijligers, P.C. and M.A. Knoppe 41

Inflorescences

Inflorescence a , bracteate thyrse, , .37
37. 003

Leaves

Leaves parallel-veined, distichous, equitant, .38
38. 002