Brosimum guianense

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Brosimum guianense

Content

<<<Stipules>Blade>Apex>Shape

acuminate to acute to obtuse to emarginate1
1. 003-004-004-001

<<<Stipules>Blade>Base>Shape

acute to obtuse2
2. 003-004-005-001

<<<Stipules>Blade>Margins>Hairs

glabrous above, almost glabrous, appressed-puberulous, (sub)velutinous3
3. 003-004-006-002

<<<Stipules>Blade>Margins>Margin type

entire, sometimes denticulate4
4. 003-004-006-001

<<<Stipules>Blade>Margins>Texture

scabrous beneath, mostly distinctly papillate5
5. 003-004-006-003

<<<Stipules>Primary veins>Secondary veins>Secondary vein pair number

6-14 pairs6
6. 003-005-001-001

<<<Stipules>Primary veins>Tertiary veins>Shape

reticulate7
7. 003-005-002-001

<<Inflorescences>Peduncle>Length

up to 2 cm long8
8. 004-003-001

<<Infructescences>Shape>Diameter

ca. 1.2 cm in diam.9 up to 1.6 cm in diam.10
9. 007-001-001, 10. 007-001-002

<<Pistillate flowers>Stigma>Length

0.1-0.3 mm long11
11. 006-002-001

<<Staminate flowers>Perianth>Height

0.2-0.4 mm high12
12. 005-002-001

<<Staminate flowers>Perianth>Lobe number

3-4-lobed13
13. 005-002-002

<<Staminate flowers>Stamens>Stamen number

114
14. 005-003-001

<<Stipules>Blade>Apex

apex ,15
15. 003-004-004

<<Stipules>Blade>Base

base ,16
16. 003-004-005

<<Stipules>Blade>Dimensions

(2-)4-13 x (l-)2-6 cm17
17. 003-004-003

<<Stipules>Blade>Margins

margin , or ;18
18. 003-004-006

<<Stipules>Blade>Shape

elliptic to narrowly elliptic or obovate to narrowly obovate19
19. 003-004-002

<<Stipules>Blade>Texture

subcoriaceous to chartaceous20
20. 003-004-001

<<Stipules>Petiole>Length

0.2-0.6 cm long21
21. 003-003-001

<<Stipules>Primary veins>Secondary veins

secondary veins ,22
22. 003-005-001

<<Stipules>Primary veins>Tertiary veins

tertiary venation .23
23. 003-005-002

<Branchlets>Colour

white to brown24
24. 002-001

<Branchlets>Hairs

puberulous25
25. 002-002

<Habit>Height

up to 30m tall26
26. 001-001

<Inflorescences>Diameter

0.3-1.2 cm in diam.27
27. 004-002

<Inflorescences>Peduncle

pedunculate28
28. 004-003

<Inflorescences>Shape

discoid to broadly turbinate to hemisphaerical, often more or less lobed29
29. 004-001

<Infructescences>Colour

at maturity reddish30
30. 007-002

<Infructescences>Shape

(sub)globose to turbinate and , or if containing 2 or more fruits, then more or less lobed and31
31. 007-001

<Pistillate flowers>Flower number

1 to several32
32. 006-001

<Pistillate flowers>Stigma

stigmas .33
33. 006-002

<Staminate flowers>Flower number

a few to numerous34
34. 005-001

<Staminate flowers>Perianth

perianth , ;35
35. 005-002

<Staminate flowers>Stamens

stamen .36
36. 005-003

<Stipules>Blade

blade , , ,37
37. 003-004

<Stipules>Hairs

puberulous to almost glabrous38
38. 003-002

<Stipules>Length

0.2-0.5 cm long39
39. 003-001

<Stipules>Petiole

petiole ;40
40. 003-003

<Stipules>Primary veins

primary vein almost plane above, veins more or less prominent beneath,41
41. 003-005

Branchlets

Branchlets sparsely to densely .42
42. 002

Citation

Aubl. 1775 – In: Hist. PI. Guiane. t. 340

Common Name

English: bois de lettre, kapiteinletterhout, letter wood, letterhout, lettre mouchette, manletterhout, paida, pakael, pakasa, snake wood, sokone ibiberoe, tibikishe

Description

Tree up to 30m tall, or shrub, monoecious. Branchlets sparsely to densely white to brownpuberulous. Stipules free, semi-amplexicaul, 0.2-0.5 cm long, puberulous to almost glabrous; petiole 0.2-0.6 cm long; blade subcoriaceous to chartaceous, elliptic to narrowly elliptic or obovate to narrowly obovate, (2-)4-13 x (l-)2-6 cm, apex acuminate to acute to obtuse to emarginate, base acute to obtuse, margin entire, sometimes denticulate, glabrous above, almost glabrous, appressed-puberulous, (sub)velutinous or scabrous beneath, mostly distinctly papillate; primary vein almost plane above, veins more or less prominent beneath, secondary veins 6-14 pairs, tertiary venation reticulate. Inflorescences usually bisexual, discoid to broadly turbinate to hemisphaerical, often more or less lobed, 0.3-1.2 cm in diam., subsessile or up to 2 cm long pedunculate. Staminate flowers a few to numerous, perianth 0.2-0.4 mm high, 3-4-lobed; stamen 1. Pistillate flowers 1 to several; stigmas 0.1-0.3 mm long. Infructescences (sub)globose to turbinate and ca. 1.2 cm in diam., or if containing 2 or more fruits, then more or less lobed and up to 1.6 cm in diam., at maturity reddish.

Distribution

Guianas present, tropical America present
Wide-spread in tropical America; common in the Guianas.

Habit

Tree , or shrub, monoecious.43
43. 001

Inflorescences

Inflorescences usually bisexual, , , subsessile or .44
44. 004

Infructescences

Infructescences , .45
45. 007

Pistillate flowers

Pistillate flowers ;46
46. 006

Staminate flowers

Staminate flowers ,47
47. 005

Stipules

Stipules free, semi-amplexicaul, , ;48
48. 003

Uses

Timber (hard wood).