Guapira cuspidata

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Guapira cuspidata

Content

<<<<Inflorescences>Ultimate cymules>Flowers>Pedicels>Length

1-3 mm long1
1. 003-005-002-001-001

<<<Habit>Branchlets>Hairs>Colour

rufous2
2. 001-004-001-001

<<<Inflorescences>Branches>Hairs>Colour

rufous3
3. 003-004-001-001

<<<Inflorescences>Ultimate cymules>Flowers>Pedicels

rarely pedicels4
4. 003-005-002-001

<<<Leaves>Blade>Shape>Dimensions

11.5-17.3 x 4.8-6.5 cm5
5. 002-002-002-001

<<<Leaves>Petiole>Hairs>Colour

rufous6
6. 002-001-001-001

<<<Male perianth>Limbs>Teeth>Shape

triangular, obtuse7
7. 004-004-002-001

<<<Male perianth>Stamens>Longer stamens>Length

ca. 8 mm long8
8. 004-005-003-001

<<<Male perianth>Stamens>Shorter stamens>Length

ca. 6 mm long9
9. 004-005-004-001

<<Anthocarps>Juice>Colour

purple juice10
10. 006-004-001

<<Female perianth>Limbs>Teeth number

shortly 5-dentate11
11. 005-003-001

<<Female perianth>Lobes>Growth form

erect12
12. 005-004-001

<<Female perianth>Lobes>Shape

acute13
13. 005-004-002

<<Female perianth>Pistil>Length

ca. 2.5-3 mm long14
14. 005-005-001

<<Female perianth>Pistil>Stigma

stigma slightly exserted, digitately lacerate-fimbriate.15
15. 005-005-002

<<Habit>Branches>Colour

yellowish-brown16
16. 001-003-001

<<Habit>Branches>Hairs

glabrous17
17. 001-003-002

<<Habit>Branchlets>Hairs

-puberulent18
18. 001-004-001

<<Inflorescences>Bracteoles>Hairs

puberulent19
19. 003-006-003

<<Inflorescences>Bracteoles>Length

1 mm long20
20. 003-006-002

<<Inflorescences>Bracteoles>Shape

ovate-triangular21
21. 003-006-001

<<Inflorescences>Branches>Hairs

-puberulent or -tomentellous22
22. 003-004-001

<<Inflorescences>Peduncle>Length

5-7.5 cm long23
23. 003-003-001

<<Inflorescences>Ultimate cymules>Flower number

3-4 to many-flowered24
24. 003-005-001

<<Inflorescences>Ultimate cymules>Flowers

flowers sessile or ;25
25. 003-005-002

<<Leaves>Blade>Hairs

glabrous above, densely ferrugineous-puberulent, especially on midvein and principal lateral veins beneath when young, glabrate and dull in age26
26. 002-002-003

<<Leaves>Blade>Shape

usually broadly ovate (sometimes lance-elliptical or ovate-elliptical), , gradually or abruptly acuminate or attenuate to apex, which is usually cuspidate or subcuspidate, with obtuse or acute acumen, subdecurrent at base27
27. 002-002-002

<<Leaves>Blade>Texture

thinly coriaceous28
28. 002-002-001

<<Leaves>Lateral veins>Lateral vein number per side

6-9 on each side29
29. 002-003-001

<<Leaves>Petiole>Hairs

-puberulent30
30. 002-001-001

<<Leaves>Petiole>Length

1-2.5 cm long31
31. 002-001-002

<<Male perianth>Hairs>Colour

rufous32
32. 004-003-001

<<Male perianth>Limbs>Teeth

teeth33
33. 004-004-002

<<Male perianth>Limbs>Teeth number

5-dentate34
34. 004-004-001

<<Male perianth>Pistil>Length

ca. 3.5 mm long35
35. 004-006-001

<<Male perianth>Stamens>Colour

white36
36. 004-005-002

<<Male perianth>Stamens>Longer stamens

longer ones37
37. 004-005-003

<<Male perianth>Stamens>Shorter stamens

shorter ones38
38. 004-005-004

<<Male perianth>Stamens>Stamen number

7-ca. 939
39. 004-005-001

<Anthocarps>Colour

dark red40
40. 006-001

<Anthocarps>Dimensions

ca. 8 x 3 mm41
41. 006-003

<Anthocarps>Juice

with42
42. 006-004

<Anthocarps>Shape

narrowly ellipsoid43
43. 006-002

<Female perianth>Dimensions

2.5-3 x 1 mm44
44. 005-002

<Female perianth>Limbs

limb ,45
45. 005-003

<Female perianth>Lobes

lobes , ;46
46. 005-004

<Female perianth>Pistil

pistil ,47
47. 005-005

<Female perianth>Shape

ellipsoid or infundibuliform48
48. 005-001

<Habit>Branches

branches , rugulose, ;49
49. 001-003

<Habit>Branchlets

branchlets , leafy at apex.50
50. 001-004

<Habit>Diameter

to ca. 20 cm diam.51
51. 001-002

<Habit>Height

1-18 m52
52. 001-001

<Inflorescences>Bracteoles

bracteoles , , .53
53. 003-006

<Inflorescences>Branches

branches , ascending;54
54. 003-004

<Inflorescences>Flower number per cyme

densely many-flowered55
55. 003-002

<Inflorescences>Peduncle

peduncle stout, ;56
56. 003-003

<Inflorescences>Position

terminal or axillary57
57. 003-001

<Inflorescences>Ultimate cymules

ultimate cymules ,58
58. 003-005

<Leaves>Blade

blade , , ;59
59. 002-002

<Leaves>Lateral veins

lateral veins prominent, , arcuate, laxly anastomosing near plane margin.60
60. 002-003

<Leaves>Petiole

petiole , ;61
61. 002-001

<Male perianth>Dimensions

3-4 x 1.5-2.5 mm62
62. 004-002

<Male perianth>Hairs

-puberulent63
63. 004-003

<Male perianth>Limbs

limb shortly , ;64
64. 004-004

<Male perianth>Pistil

rudimentary pistil .65
65. 004-006

<Male perianth>Shape

oblong-infundibuliform66
66. 004-001

<Male perianth>Stamens

stamens , , , ;67
67. 004-005

Anthocarps

Anthocarp , , , .68
68. 006

Common Name

English (Guyana): bakabakaru, mafo, mamudan

Description

Tree 1-18 m, trunk to ca. 20 cm diam.; branches yellowish-brown, rugulose, glabrous; branchlets rufous-puberulent, leafy at apex. Leaves opposite; petiole rufous-puberulent, 1-2.5 cm long; blade thinly coriaceous, usually broadly ovate (sometimes lance-elliptical or ovate-elliptical), 11.5-17.3 x 4.8-6.5 cm, gradually or abruptly acuminate or attenuate to apex, which is usually cuspidate or subcuspidate, with obtuse or acute acumen, subdecurrent at base, glabrous above, densely ferrugineous-puberulent, especially on midvein and principal lateral veins beneath when young, glabrate and dull in age; lateral veins prominent, 6-9 on each side, arcuate, laxly anastomosing near plane margin. Inflorescence a terminal or axillary, densely many-flowered cyme; peduncle stout, 5-7.5 cm long; branches rufous-puberulent or -tomentellous, ascending; ultimate cymules 3-4 to many-flowered, flowers sessile or rarely pedicels 1-3 mm long; bracteoles ovate-triangular, 1 mm long, puberulent. Male perianth oblong-infundibuliform, 3-4 x 1.5-2.5 mm, rufous-puberulent, limb shortly 5-dentate, teeth triangular, obtuse; stamens 7-ca. 9, white, longer ones ca. 8 mm long, shorter ones ca. 6 mm long; rudimentary pistil ca. 3.5 mm long. Female perianth ellipsoid or infundibuliform, 2.5-3 x 1 mm, limb shortly 5-dentate, lobes erect, acute; pistil ca. 2.5-3 mm long, stigma slightly exserted, digitately lacerate-fimbriate. Anthocarp dark red, narrowly ellipsoid, ca. 8 x 3 mm, with purple juice.

Distribution

Courantyne, Cuyuni, Berbice and Rupununi rivers and tributaries present, Guianas present, Guyana present, Southern America: Venezuela (Venezuela present), Suriname present, Trinidad present
Trinidad, Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname; in Guyana principally found at the edge of forests, in scrub savanna, or at the edges of white sand savanna "islands" along the Courantyne, Cuyuni, Berbice and Rupununi rivers and tributaries, in Suriname on sandy ridges with low forest, and in savanna woods bordering rock pavements; 37 collections studied, of which 21 from the Guianas (GU: 19; SU: 2).

Female perianth

Female perianth , ,69
69. 005

Habit

Tree , trunk ;70
70. 001

Individuals Association

Suriname, Nickerie Distr., area of Kabalebo Dam, Lindeman & Görts et al. 458 Guyana, Basin of Rupununi R., Isherton, A.C. Smith 2446 Guyana, Matope Falls, Cuyuni R., A.C. Smith FD 6963 Suriname, Wia-Wia Bank at Grote Zwiebelzwamp, Lanjouw & Lindeman 1084 Guyana, Orealla Savanna, Courantyne R., A.C. Smith FD 5387

Inflorescences

Inflorescence a , cyme;71
71. 003

Leaves

Leaves opposite;72
72. 002

Male perianth

Male perianth , , ,73
73. 004

Notes

See note on G. kanukuensis.