Guapira

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Guapira

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<<<Anthocarps>Exocarp>Utricles>Shape

elongate1 striate2
1. 006-002-002-001, 2. 006-002-002-003

<<<Anthocarps>Exocarp>Utricles>Texture

papyraceous to coriaceous3
3. 006-002-002-002

<<<Habit>Hairs>Hairs>Colour

often rufous4
4. 001-001-001-001

<<<Male perianth>Stamens>Anthers>Shape

oblong5
5. 004-003-003-001

<<Anthocarps>Exocarp>Texture

fleshy6
6. 006-002-001

<<Anthocarps>Exocarp>Utricles

utricle , , ;7
7. 006-002-002

<<Anthocarps>Seeds>Cotyledons

cotyledons broad, enclosing scanty endosperm,8
8. 006-003-002

<<Anthocarps>Seeds>Embryo

embryo straight,9
9. 006-003-001

<<Anthocarps>Seeds>Radicle

radicle short, inferior.10
10. 006-003-003

<<Female perianth>Limbs>Shape

in bud rounded or obtuse at apex11
11. 005-002-002

<<Female perianth>Limbs>Teeth number

shallowly 5-dentate12
12. 005-002-001

<<Female perianth>Ovary>Shape

elongate-ovoid13
13. 005-003-001

<<Female perianth>Ovary>Style

style usually short-exserted;14
14. 005-003-002

<<Habit>Hairs>Hairs

glabrous or branchlets -puberulent15
15. 001-001-001

<<Inflorescences>Bracteoles>Bracteole number

2- or 3-bracteolate at base16
16. 003-005-001

<<Inflorescences>Flowers>Colour

reddish, yellowish-green, or greenish-white17
17. 003-003-001

<<Leaves>Blade>Texture

often coriaceous18
18. 002-002-001

<<Male perianth>Limbs>Shape

induplicate-valvate19
19. 004-002-003

<<Male perianth>Limbs>Teeth

teeth short20
20. 004-002-002

<<Male perianth>Limbs>Teeth number

5-dentate21
21. 004-002-001

<<Male perianth>Stamens>Anthers

anthers ,22
22. 004-003-003

<<Male perianth>Stamens>Filaments

filaments short-connate at base,23
23. 004-003-002

<<Male perianth>Stamens>Stamen number

6-1024
24. 004-003-001

<<Male perianth>Stamens>Staminodes

staminodes present;25
25. 004-003-004

<Anthocarps>Colour

red to black26
26. 006-001

<Anthocarps>Exocarp

exocarp , juicy,27
27. 006-002

<Anthocarps>Seeds

seed with hyaline testa adherent to pericarp,28
28. 006-003

<Female perianth>Limbs

limb narrow, , , rarely with staminodes;29
29. 005-002

<Female perianth>Ovary

ovary , sessile,30
30. 005-003

<Female perianth>Shape

tubular31
31. 005-001

<Female perianth>Stigma

stigma fimbriate or fimbriate-lacerate.32
32. 005-004

<Habit>Hairs

unarmed, .33
33. 001-001

<Inflorescences>Bracteoles

exinvolucrate, .34
34. 003-005

<Inflorescences>Flowers

flowers unisexual, dioecious, small, ;35
35. 003-003

<Inflorescences>Pedicels

sessile or pedicellate;36
36. 003-004

<Inflorescences>Position

lateral and/or terminal37
37. 003-001

<Inflorescences>Shape

pedunculate paniculate-corymbose38
38. 003-002

<Leaves>Blade

blade entire, .39
39. 002-002

<Leaves>Petiole

petiolate;40
40. 002-001

<Male perianth>Limbs

limb , , ;41
41. 004-002

<Male perianth>Pistil

rudimentary pistil often present.42
42. 004-004

<Male perianth>Shape

obconic-campanulate43
43. 004-001

<Male perianth>Stamens

stamens , exserted,44
44. 004-003

Anthocarps

Anthocarps drupaceous, ,45
45. 006

Description

Shrubs or trees; unarmed, glabrous or branchlets often rufous-puberulent. Leaves usually opposite; petiolate; blade entire, often coriaceous. Inflorescences lateral and/or terminal, pedunculate paniculate-corymbose cymes; flowers unisexual, dioecious, small, reddish, yellowish-green, or greenish-white; sessile or pedicellate; exinvolucrate, 2- or 3-bracteolate at base. Male perianth obconic-campanulate, limb 5-dentate, teeth short, induplicate-valvate; stamens 6-10, exserted, filaments short-connate at base, anthers oblong, staminodes present; rudimentary pistil often present. Female perianth tubular, limb narrow, shallowly 5-dentate, in bud rounded or obtuse at apex, rarely with staminodes; ovary elongate-ovoid, sessile, style usually short-exserted; stigma fimbriate or fimbriate-lacerate. Anthocarps drupaceous, red to black, exocarp fleshy, juicy, utricle elongate, papyraceous to coriaceous, striate; seed with hyaline testa adherent to pericarp, embryo straight, cotyledons broad, enclosing scanty endosperm, radicle short, inferior.

Distribution

Central and South America present, Guianas present, Southern America
About 70 species in Central and South America, and the West Indies; 4 species in the Guianas.

Female perianth

Female perianth ,46
46. 005

Habit

Shrubs or trees;47
47. 001

Inflorescences

Inflorescences , cymes;48
48. 003

Leaves

Leaves usually opposite;49
49. 002

Male perianth

Male perianth ,50
50. 004