Columnea guianensis

Primary tabs

Columnea guianensis

Content

<<<Calyx>Apex>Hairs>Colour

red1
1. 005-004-001-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Base>Width

0.4-0.5 cm wide2
2. 005-005-005-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Limbs>Width

ca. 0.8 cm wide3
3. 005-005-007-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes>Dimensions

ca. 0.2 x 0.2 cm wide4
4. 005-005-008-003

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes>Growth form

spreading5
5. 005-005-008-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes>Shape

subtriangular6
6. 005-005-008-002

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Margins>Colour

reddish7
7. 005-005-009-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Margins>Margin type

entire8
8. 005-005-009-002

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Throat>Hairs

outside sericeous, inside sparsely puberulous9
9. 005-005-006-002

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Throat>Width

0.4-0.6 cm wide10
10. 005-005-006-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube>Length

2-3.2 cm long11
11. 005-005-004-002

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube>Shape

narrowly cylindric12
12. 005-005-004-001

<<<Calyx>Ovary>Stigma>Lobe number

2-lobed13
13. 005-008-005-001

<<<Calyx>Ovary>Style>Hairs

glabrous14
14. 005-008-004-002

<<<Calyx>Ovary>Style>Length

ca. 2.5 cm long15
15. 005-008-004-001

<<<Leaves>Blade>Base>Hairs

above sparsely pilose to glabrous, below pubescent to pilose16
16. 003-002-006-001

<<<Leaves>Blade>Larger leaf blade>Dimensions

12-28.5 x 4.3-10.9 cm17
17. 003-002-003-001

<<Calyx>Apex>Hairs

outside villous, sometimes with hairs, inside villous18
18. 005-004-001

<<Calyx>Corolla>Base

base subgibbous, , middle ventricose,19
19. 005-005-005

<<Calyx>Corolla>Colour

pale yellow with reddish lobes20
20. 005-005-002

<<Calyx>Corolla>Growth form

erect in calyx21
21. 005-005-001

<<Calyx>Corolla>Length

2.5-3.3 cm long22
22. 005-005-003

<<Calyx>Corolla>Limbs

limb ,23
23. 005-005-007

<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes

lobes subequal, , , ,24
24. 005-005-008

<<Calyx>Corolla>Margins

margin and ;25
25. 005-005-009

<<Calyx>Corolla>Throat

throat subgibbous, , ,26
26. 005-005-006

<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube

tube , ,27
27. 005-005-004

<<Calyx>Lobes>Dimensions

2-2.6 x 0.5-0.6 cm wide28
28. 005-002-003

<<Calyx>Lobes>Growth form

erect29
29. 005-002-001

<<Calyx>Lobes>Shape

lanceolate, narrowed towards base30
30. 005-002-002

<<Calyx>Ovary>Dimensions

ca. 0.4 x 0.3 cm31
31. 005-008-002

<<Calyx>Ovary>Hairs

pubescent32
32. 005-008-003

<<Calyx>Ovary>Shape

ovoid33
33. 005-008-001

<<Calyx>Ovary>Stigma

stigma .34
34. 005-008-005

<<Calyx>Ovary>Style

style , ,35
35. 005-008-004

<<Flowers>Pedicels>Hairs

villous36
36. 004-003-002

<<Flowers>Pedicels>Length

0.3-1 cm long37
37. 004-003-001

<<Leaves>Blade>Apex

apex acute to acuminate,38
38. 003-002-005

<<Leaves>Blade>Base

base obliquely cuneate, .39
39. 003-002-006

<<Leaves>Blade>Larger leaf blade

blade of larger leaf in a pair40
40. 003-002-003

<<Leaves>Blade>Margins

margin denticulate,41
41. 003-002-004

<<Leaves>Blade>Shape

oblanceolate42
42. 003-002-002

<<Leaves>Blade>Texture

chartaceous when dry43
43. 003-002-001

<<Leaves>Petiole>Hairs

villous or hirsute44
44. 003-001-002

<<Leaves>Petiole>Length

0.4-1 cm long45
45. 003-001-001

<Calyx>Apex

apex long-acuminate, ;46
46. 005-004

<Calyx>Colour

green47
47. 005-001

<Calyx>Corolla

corolla , , ,48
48. 005-005

<Calyx>Lobes

lobes nearly free, , subequal, , ,49
49. 005-002

<Calyx>Margins

margin sharply serrate,50
50. 005-003

<Calyx>Ovary

ovary , , ,51
51. 005-008

<Calyx>Stamens

stamens included, adnate to corolla base;52
52. 005-006

<Calyx>Staminodes

staminode very small;53
53. 005-007

<Flowers>Flower number

solitary54
54. 004-001

<Flowers>Flower number per inflorescence

up to 355
55. 004-002

<Flowers>Pedicels

pedicel , .56
56. 004-003

<Habit>Height

to 3.2 m tall57
57. 001-001

<Leaves>Blade

blade , , ,58
58. 003-002

<Leaves>Petiole

petiole , ;59
59. 003-001

<Mature berries>Colour

white60
60. 006-001

<Mature berries>Dimensions

1 x 0.6 cm61
61. 006-003

<Mature berries>Shape

ellipsoid62
62. 006-002

<Stems>Hairs

villous or hirsute to glabrescent63
63. 002-001

Calyx

Calyx campanulate, ,64
64. 005

Description

Epiphytic or epipetric large herb or small shrub, to 3.2 m tall. Stem woody at base, succulent above, procumbent and ascending, villous or hirsute to glabrescent. Leaves strongly unequal in a pair; petiole 0.4-1 cm long, villous or hirsute; blade chartaceous when dry, oblanceolate, blade of larger leaf in a pair 12-28.5 x 4.3-10.9 cm, margin denticulate, apex acute to acuminate, base obliquely cuneate, above sparsely pilose to glabrous, below pubescent to pilose. Flowers solitary or up to 3 in fasciculate inflorescences; pedicel 0.3-1 cm long, villous. Calyx campanulate, green, lobes nearly free, erect, subequal, lanceolate, narrowed towards base, 2-2.6 x 0.5-0.6 cm wide, margin sharply serrate, apex long-acuminate, outside villous, sometimes with red hairs, inside villous; corolla erect in calyx, pale yellow with reddish lobes, 2.5-3.3 cm long, tube narrowly cylindric, 2-3.2 cm long, base subgibbous, 0.4-0.5 cm wide, middle ventricose, throat subgibbous, 0.4-0.6 cm wide, outside sericeous, inside sparsely puberulous, limb ca. 0.8 cm wide, lobes subequal, spreading, subtriangular, ca. 0.2 x 0.2 cm wide, margin reddish and entire; stamens included, adnate to corolla base; staminode very small; ovary ovoid, ca. 0.4 x 0.3 cm, pubescent, style ca. 2.5 cm long, glabrous, stigma 2-lobed. Mature berry white, ellipsoid, 1 x 0.6 cm.

Distribution

Guianas present, Guyana present, Southern America: Venezuela (Venezuela present)
Guyana and adjacent Venezuela (Sucre); 15 collections studied, 12 in the Guianas (GU: 12).

Flowers

Flowers or in fasciculate inflorescences;65
65. 004

Habit

Epiphytic or epipetric large herb or small shrub, .66
66. 001

Individuals Association

Guyana, Kaieteur Falls, Kvist et al. 364 Guyana, Cuyuni-Mazaruni Region: Chi-Chi Mts., W of Chi-Chi Falls, Pipoly et al. 10275 Guyana, between Kaieteur Falls and Tukeit, Kvist et al. 214 Guyana, Potaro-Siparuni Region: Upper Potaro R. Region, ca. 19 mile N of Kopinang village, Boom & Samuels 8910 Guyana, Upper Mazaruni R. basin, Kamarang R., Bailey line to Karowtipu, Tillett & Tillett 45483

Leaves

Leaves strongly unequal in a pair;67
67. 003

Mature berries

Mature berry , , .68
68. 006

Phenology

Collected in flower in .

Stems

Stem woody at base, succulent above, procumbent and ascending, .69
69. 002