Brosimum alicastrum subsp. bolivarense

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Brosimum alicastrum subsp. bolivarense


Tree up to 35 m tall, dioecious. Branchlets glabrous or sparsely puberulous. Stipules free, nearly fully amplexicaul, (0.3-)0.5-1(-1.5) cm long, glabrous, puberulous or pubescent; petiole 0.2-0.8(-1.1) cm long; blade coriaceous to chartaceous, elliptic to narrowly elliptic, often obovate to narrowly obovate, 4-18(-28) x 2-7(-11) cm, apex usually acuminate, base acute to truncate, sometimes to subcordate, margin entire, sometimes denticulate, glabrous above, glabrous or sparsely puberulous to pubescent beneath; primary vein (almost) plane above, veins more or less prominent beneath, secondary veins 12-16(21) pairs, tertiary venation mostly reticulate. Staminate inflorescences (sub)globose to ellipsoid, 0.3-0.8 cm in diam., subsessile or up to 1.5 cm long pedunculate; perianth absent; stamen 1. Pistillate inflorescences (sub)globose to ellipsoid, 0.2-0.4 cm in diam., subsessile or up to 1.5 cm long pedunculate; stigmas 0.2-8 mm long. Infructescences (sub)globose, 1.5-2 cm in diam., at maturity, yellow, orange brownish.


Coastal region present, Guyana present, Kanuku Mts present, North-western South America present, Southern America: Bolivia (Bolivia present); Brazil North (Roraima present); Panamá (Panamá present)
North-western South America, northwards to Panama, southwards to Bolivia, and eastwards to Guyana (Coastal region, Kanuku Mts.) and Roraima (Brazil).


The typical subspecies occurs in Central America, Mexico, the Greater Antilles, and (introduced) in Trinidad and adjacent West Indian islands.