Terminalia lucida

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Terminalia lucida

Content

<<<<<Infructescences>Fruits>Base>Wings>Texture>Narrower wings

sometimes 1-2 extra narrower wings on more convex side of body1
1. 005-001-005-001-002-003

<<<<<Infructescences>Fruits>Base>Wings>Texture>Shape

rounded to somewhat angled laterally2
2. 005-001-005-001-002-002

<<<<<Infructescences>Fruits>Base>Wings>Texture>Width

0.9-1.4 cm wide3
3. 005-001-005-001-002-001

<<<<Infructescences>Fruits>Base>Body>Groove

slightly grooved on other4
4. 005-001-005-002-003

<<<<Infructescences>Fruits>Base>Body>Ridges

often slightly ridged on 1 face5
5. 005-001-005-002-002

<<<<Infructescences>Fruits>Base>Body>Width

0.6-0.9 cm wide6
6. 005-001-005-002-001

<<<<Infructescences>Fruits>Base>Wings>Texture

stiff, equal, , markedly thickened with spongy material adjacent to body, ,7
7. 005-001-005-001-002

<<<<Infructescences>Fruits>Base>Wings>Wing number

28
8. 005-001-005-001-001

<<<Flowers>Lower hypanthium>Hairs>Colour

rufous- to white9
9. 004-003-002-001

<<<Infructescences>Fruits>Apex>Shape

rounded or truncate to emarginate10
10. 005-001-004-001

<<<Infructescences>Fruits>Base>Body

body but appearing wider due to thickened base of wings, and11
11. 005-001-005-002

<<<Infructescences>Fruits>Base>Wings

wings ,12
12. 005-001-005-001

<<<Leaves>Veins>Secondary veins>Secondary vein pair number

5-9 pairs13
13. 002-006-002-001

<<Flowers>Calyx lobes>Hairs

pubescent14
14. 004-005-002

<<Flowers>Calyx lobes>Length

0.6-1 mm long15
15. 004-005-001

<<Flowers>Disk>Hairs

villous16
16. 004-007-001

<<Flowers>Lower hypanthium>Hairs

-tomentose17
17. 004-003-002

<<Flowers>Lower hypanthium>Length

1-2 mm long18
18. 004-003-001

<<Flowers>Stamens>Length

2.5-4 mm long19
19. 004-006-001

<<Flowers>Style>Hairs

villous except glabrous near apex20
20. 004-008-002

<<Flowers>Style>Length

2.8-4 mm long21
21. 004-008-001

<<Flowers>Upper hypanthium>Hairs

pubescent to tomentose22
22. 004-004-003

<<Flowers>Upper hypanthium>Length

1.5-2 mm23
23. 004-004-002

<<Flowers>Upper hypanthium>Shape

cupuliform to campanulate24
24. 004-004-001

<<Inflorescences>Peduncle>Hairs

pubescent25
25. 003-002-002

<<Inflorescences>Peduncle>Length

1.5-2 cm long26
26. 003-002-001

<<Inflorescences>Rachises>Hairs

densely pubescent27
27. 003-003-002

<<Inflorescences>Rachises>Length

6-10 cm long28
28. 003-003-001

<<Infructescences>Fruits>Apex

apex ,29
29. 005-001-004

<<Infructescences>Fruits>Base

base pseudostipitate, , .30
30. 005-001-005

<<Infructescences>Fruits>Dimensions

1.7-3 x 2.5-3.8 cm31
31. 005-001-002

<<Infructescences>Fruits>Hairs

densely pubescent at first, becoming subglabrous at maturity32
32. 005-001-001

<<Infructescences>Fruits>Shape

strongly flattened, rhombic or suborbicular to transversely broadly elliptic in side view33
33. 005-001-003

<<Leaves>Apex>Hairs

glabrous except sometimes appressed-pubescent on veins34
34. 002-004-002

<<Leaves>Apex>Shape

subacute to shortly acuminate,base cuneate to attenuate35
35. 002-004-001

<<Leaves>Petiole>Hairs

glabrous to pubescent36
36. 002-009-002

<<Leaves>Petiole>Length

0.7-2 cm long37
37. 002-009-001

<<Leaves>Veins>Intersecondary veins

intersecondary veins rarely present,38
38. 002-006-003

<<Leaves>Veins>Midveins

midvein moderate, prominent,39
39. 002-006-001

<<Leaves>Veins>Secondary veins

secondary veins , moderately spaced, originating at moderately acute angles, slightly curved distally, scarcely prominent,40
40. 002-006-002

<<Leaves>Veins>Tertiary veins

tertiary veins usually randomly reticulate, sometimes weakly percurrent;41
41. 002-006-004

<Flowers>Calyx lobes

calyx lobes usually revolute, , ;42
42. 004-005

<Flowers>Dimensions

3-4 x 2.5-3.5 mm43
43. 004-002

<Flowers>Disk

disk ;44
44. 004-007

<Flowers>Lower hypanthium

lower hypanthium , ,45
45. 004-003

<Flowers>Merosity

5-merous46
46. 004-001

<Flowers>Stamens

stamens ;47
47. 004-006

<Flowers>Style

style , .48
48. 004-008

<Flowers>Upper hypanthium

upper hypanthium , , ;49
49. 004-004

<Habit>Height

5-20 m50
50. 001-001

<Inflorescences>Length

7.5-12 cm long51
51. 003-001

<Inflorescences>Peduncle

peduncle , ;52
52. 003-002

<Inflorescences>Rachises

rhachis , .53
53. 003-003

<Infructescences>Fruits

fruit , , ,54
54. 005-001

<Leaves>Apex

apex , ;55
55. 002-004

<Leaves>Areolation

areolation close, usually well developed, not to slightly prominent;56
56. 002-008

<Leaves>Dimensions

4.5-14 x 2-7.5 cm57
57. 002-003

<Leaves>Domatia

domatia absent;58
58. 002-005

<Leaves>Higher order veins

higher order veins usually well-developed;59
59. 002-007

<Leaves>Petiole

petiole , , eglandular.60
60. 002-009

<Leaves>Shape

oblong- or elliptic-obovate or narrowly so61
61. 002-002

<Leaves>Texture

thickly chartaceous to coriaceous62
62. 002-001

<Leaves>Veins

venation brochidodromous or eucamptodromous-brochidodromous,63
63. 002-006

Common Name

English (Guyana): fukadi

Description

Briefly deciduous tree 5-20 m. Leaves thickly chartaceous to coriaceous, oblong- or elliptic-obovate or narrowly so, 4.5-14 x 2-7.5 cm, apex subacute to shortly acuminate,base cuneate to attenuate, glabrous except sometimes appressed-pubescent on veins; domatia absent; venation brochidodromous or eucamptodromous-brochidodromous, midvein moderate, prominent, secondary veins 5-9 pairs, moderately spaced, originating at moderately acute angles, slightly curved distally, scarcely prominent, intersecondary veins rarely present, tertiary veins usually randomly reticulate, sometimes weakly percurrent; higher order veins usually well-developed; areolation close, usually well developed, not to slightly prominent; petiole 0.7-2 cm long, glabrous to pubescent, eglandular. Inflorescence 7.5-12 cm long, simple, all flowers bisexual; peduncle 1.5-2 cm long, pubescent; rhachis 6-10 cm long, densely pubescent. Flowers 5-merous, 3-4 x 2.5-3.5 mm; lower hypanthium 1-2 mm long, rufous- to white-tomentose,upper hypanthium cupuliform to campanulate, 1.5-2 mm, pubescent to tomentose; calyx lobes usually revolute, 0.6-1 mm long, pubescent; stamens 2.5-4 mm long; disk villous; style 2.8-4 mm long, villous except glabrous near apex. Infructescence with usually few fruits, disposed along whole length or mostly near apex of rhachis; fruit densely pubescent at first, becoming subglabrous at maturity, 1.7-3 x 2.5-3.8 cm, strongly flattened, rhombic or suborbicular to transversely broadly elliptic in side view, apex rounded or truncate to emarginate, base pseudostipitate, wings 2, stiff, equal, 0.9-1.4 cm wide, markedly thickened with spongy material adjacent to body, rounded to somewhat angled laterally, sometimes 1-2 extra narrower wings on more convex side of body, body 0.6-0.9 cm wide but appearing wider due to thickened base of wings, often slightly ridged on 1 face and slightly grooved on other.

Distribution

Africa: Guinea (Guinea present); Sierra Leone (Sierra Leone present), E Brazil where it extends up to ca. 1200 km inland along the Tocantins, Paraná and Araguaia rivers present, Guianas present, Guinea Bissau present, S America present, Southern America: Brazil Northeast (Bahia present); Colombia (Colombia present); Guatemala (Guatemala present); Panamá (Panamá present), W Africa present
Guatemala to Panama, in S America from Colombia to Bahia in Brazil, at or near the coast except in E Brazil where it extends up to ca. 1200 km inland along the Tocantins, Paraná and Araguaia rivers, in W Africa from Guinea Bissau through Guinea to Sierra Leone; about 20 specimens from the Guianas (GU: 2; SU: 4; FG: 14).

Flowers

Flowers , ;64
64. 004

Habit

Briefly deciduous tree .65
65. 001

Individuals Association

Suriname, Sterringa 12527 Suriname, Christiankondre, lower Marowijne R., Hekking 1077 Guyana, Essequibo, Suddie, on seashore, Forest Dept. 5481 Maroni, Sagot 1007 Suriname, Wiawia Reserve, 3 km E of Motkreek, Sterringa 12480 tree fallen on beach at Montjoly, near Pointe de Montravel, Cremers 9332

Inflorescences

Inflorescence , simple, all flowers bisexual;66
66. 003

Infructescences

Infructescence with usually few fruits, disposed along whole length or mostly near apex of rhachis;67
67. 005

Leaves

Leaves , , ,68
68. 002

Phenology

Flowering and fruiting .