Maclura tinctoria subsp. tinctoria

Primary tabs

Maclura tinctoria subsp. tinctoria


Tree up to 30 m tall, with up to 3.5 cm long, straight spines, especially when juvenile. Leafy twigs 0.5-7 mm thick, puberulous. Stipules 0.2-1 cm long, appressed-puberulous; petiole 0.2-1.5(-2) cm long; blade chartaceous, elliptic to narrowly elliptic, or ovate to narrowly ovate, 1.5-15(-20) x 1-7(-8.5) cm, apex (acute to) acuminate to caudate, base (subacute to) obtuse to cordate, margin subentire to serrate-dentate, when juvenile often pinnately incised, sparsely puberulous to strigose above, on the veins puberulous to strigose or subglabrous beneath; secondary veins 7-17 pairs, tertiary venation reticulate. Staminate inflorescences 3-12.5 cm long; peduncle 0.2-2 cm long; tepals ca. 1 mm long. Pistillate inflorescences 0.3-0.6 cm, in fruit 1-1.5 cm in diam.; peduncle 0.2-1.5 cm long; tepals 1-1.4 mm, in fruit ca. 3 mm long; stigma(s) 5-10(-18) mm long. Fruit ca. 3.5 mm long.


Argentina present, Northern America, Southern America, Trinidad present, coastal region of Guyana present, eastern Venezuela present
From Mexico and the West Indies to Argentina, in northern South America eastwards to Trinidad and eastern Venezuela, extending to the coastal region of Guyana.


In the south-western part of the species area (Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina) the species is represented by subsp. mora (Griseb.) Vazquez Avila.