Terminalia quintalata

Primary tabs

Terminalia quintalata

Content

<<<Flowers>Lower hypanthium>Bisexual flowers>Length

2-6.5 mm long1
1. 004-004-001-001

<<<Flowers>Lower hypanthium>Male flowers>Length

1-3 mm long2
2. 004-004-002-001

<<<Infructescences>Fruits>Apex and base>Shape

rounded to truncate3
3. 005-001-004-001

<<<Infructescences>Fruits>Body>Width

0.2-0.35 cm wide4
4. 005-001-006-001

<<<Infructescences>Fruits>Wings>Shape

rounded laterally5
5. 005-001-005-003

<<<Infructescences>Fruits>Wings>Width

0.2-0.6 cm wide6
6. 005-001-005-002

<<<Infructescences>Fruits>Wings>Wing number

(4-)57
7. 005-001-005-001

<<<Leaves>Veins>Secondary veins>Secondary vein pair number

6-12 pairs8
8. 002-007-002-001

<<Flowers>Bisexual flowers>Dimensions

5-10.5 x 3.5-5.5 mm9
9. 004-002-001

<<Flowers>Calyx lobes>Growth form

suberect to recurved10
10. 004-006-001

<<Flowers>Calyx lobes>Hairs

glabrous to appressed-pubescent11
11. 004-006-003

<<Flowers>Calyx lobes>Length

0.8-1.8 mm long12
12. 004-006-002

<<Flowers>Disk>Hairs

villous to densely so13
13. 004-008-001

<<Flowers>Lower hypanthium>Bisexual flowers

in bisexual flowers14
14. 004-004-001

<<Flowers>Lower hypanthium>Hairs

glabrous to densely appressed-pubescent15
15. 004-004-003

<<Flowers>Lower hypanthium>Male flowers

pedicel-like and in male flowers16
16. 004-004-002

<<Flowers>Male flowers>Dimensions

3-5 x 3.5-5.5 mm17
17. 004-003-001

<<Flowers>Stamens>Length

3-6.5 mm long18
18. 004-007-001

<<Flowers>Style>Hairs

glabrous or very sparsely pubescent near base19
19. 004-009-002

<<Flowers>Style>Length

3.5-9.5 mm long20
20. 004-009-001

<<Flowers>Upper hypanthium>Hairs

glabrous to appressed-pubescent outside, always densely pubescent inside21
21. 004-005-003

<<Flowers>Upper hypanthium>Length

1.5-3 mm22
22. 004-005-002

<<Flowers>Upper hypanthium>Shape

campanulate to cupuliform23
23. 004-005-001

<<Inflorescences>Peduncle>Hairs

glabrous to pubescent24
24. 003-002-002

<<Inflorescences>Peduncle>Length

4-7.5 cm long25
25. 003-002-001

<<Inflorescences>Rachises>Hairs

glabrous to pubescent26
26. 003-003-002

<<Inflorescences>Rachises>Length

3-10(-12) cm long27
27. 003-003-001

<<Infructescences>Fruits>Apex and base

apex and base ,28
28. 005-001-004

<<Infructescences>Fruits>Body

body .29
29. 005-001-006

<<Infructescences>Fruits>Dimensions

(0.6-)0.8-1.2(-1.5) x 0.5-1(-1.2) cm30
30. 005-001-002

<<Infructescences>Fruits>Hairs

glabrous to sparsely pubescent31
31. 005-001-001

<<Infructescences>Fruits>Shape

broadly elliptic in side view32
32. 005-001-003

<<Infructescences>Fruits>Wings

wings , flexible, equal, ,33
33. 005-001-005

<<Leaves>Apex>Shape

rounded or retuse or sometimes obtuse34
34. 002-004-001

<<Leaves>Base>Hairs

glabrous except sometimes sparsely pubescent on midvein below35
35. 002-005-001

<<Leaves>Petiole>Hairs

glabrous to sparsely pubescent36
36. 002-011-002

<<Leaves>Petiole>Length

0.3-1.5 cm long37
37. 002-011-001

<<Leaves>Veins>Intersecondary veins

intersecondary veins often present, often almost as evident as secondaries;38
38. 002-007-003

<<Leaves>Veins>Midveins

midvein stout, flattened and scarcely prominent,39
39. 002-007-001

<<Leaves>Veins>Secondary veins

secondary veins , moderately spaced to distant, arising at widely acute to almost right angles, slightly curved to recurved, often forked and joining a well-marked intramarginal vein, scarcely or not prominent,40
40. 002-007-002

<Flowers>Bisexual flowers

bisexual ones41
41. 004-002

<Flowers>Calyx lobes

calyx lobes , , ;42
42. 004-006

<Flowers>Disk

disk ;43
43. 004-008

<Flowers>Lower hypanthium

lower hypanthium , , ,44
44. 004-004

<Flowers>Male flowers

male ones45
45. 004-003

<Flowers>Merosity

(4- to) 5-merous46
46. 004-001

<Flowers>Stamens

stamens ;47
47. 004-007

<Flowers>Style

style , .48
48. 004-009

<Flowers>Upper hypanthium

upper hypanthium , , ;49
49. 004-005

<Habit>Height

0.5-30 m50
50. 001-001

<Inflorescences>Length

7-15(-18) cm long51
51. 003-001

<Inflorescences>Peduncle

peduncle , ;52
52. 003-002

<Inflorescences>Rachises

rhachis , .53
53. 003-003

<Infructescences>Fruits

fruit , , actinomorphic, ,
,54
54. 005-001

<Leaves>Apex

apex ,55
55. 002-004

<Leaves>Areolation

areolation imperfect or incomplete, not prominent;56
56. 002-010

<Leaves>Base

base attenuate-cuneate, ;57
57. 002-005

<Leaves>Dimensions

to 4-22 x 2-11.5 cm58
58. 002-003

<Leaves>Domatia

domatia absent;59
59. 002-006

<Leaves>Higher order veins

higher order veins indistinct;60
60. 002-009

<Leaves>Petiole

petiole , , eglandular or biglandular at junction with leaf.61
61. 002-011

<Leaves>Shape

obovate or sometimes oblong-obovate or narrowly so62
62. 002-002

<Leaves>Tertiary veins

tertiary veins inconspicuous, randomly reticulate;63
63. 002-008

<Leaves>Texture

coriaceous64
64. 002-001

<Leaves>Veins

venation brochidodromous,65
65. 002-007

Common Name

English (Guyana): fukadi

Description

Shrub or tree 0.5-30 m. Leaves strongly coriaceous, obovate or sometimes oblong-obovate or narrowly so, to 4-22 x 2-11.5 cm, apex rounded or retuse or sometimes obtuse, base attenuate-cuneate, glabrous except sometimes sparsely pubescent on midvein below; domatia absent; venation brochidodromous, midvein stout, flattened and scarcely prominent, secondary veins 6-12 pairs, moderately spaced to distant, arising at widely acute to almost right angles, slightly curved to recurved, often forked and joining a well-marked intramarginal vein, scarcely or not prominent, intersecondary veins often present, often almost as evident as secondaries; tertiary veins inconspicuous, randomly reticulate; higher order veins indistinct; areolation imperfect or incomplete, not prominent; petiole 0.3-1.5 cm long, glabrous to sparsely pubescent, eglandular or biglandular at junction with leaf. Inflorescence 7-15(-18) cm long, simple, andromonoecious, sometimes bisexual and sometimes male flowers predominating, the males dispersed among the bisexuals; peduncle 4-7.5 cm long, glabrous to pubescent; rhachis 3-10(-12) cm long, glabrous to pubescent. Flowers (4- to) 5-merous, bisexual ones 5-10.5 x 3.5-5.5 mm, male ones 3-5 x 3.5-5.5 mm; lower hypanthium 2-6.5 mm long in bisexual flowers, pedicel-like and 1-3 mm long in male flowers, glabrous to densely appressed-pubescent,upper hypanthium campanulate to cupuliform, 1.5-3 mm, glabrous to appressed-pubescent outside, always densely pubescent inside; calyx lobes suberect to recurved, 0.8-1.8 mm long, glabrous to appressed-pubescent; stamens 3-6.5 mm long; disk villous to densely so; style 3.5-9.5 mm long, glabrous or very sparsely pubescent near base. Infructescence with numerous fruits, disposed along whole length of rhachis; fruit glabrous to sparsely pubescent, (0.6-)0.8-1.2(-1.5) x 0.5-1(-1.2) cm, actinomorphic, broadly elliptic in side view, apex and base rounded to truncate, wings (4-)5, flexible, equal, 0.2-0.6 cm wide, rounded laterally, body 0.2-0.35 cm wide.

Distribution

Guianas present, Guyana present, Headwaters of the Orinoco, Essequibo and Amazon rivers in Venezuela present, Southern America
Headwaters of the Orinoco, Essequibo and Amazon rivers in Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil; 13 specimens from the Guianas (GU: 13).

Flowers

Flowers , , ;66
66. 004

Habit

Shrub or tree .67
67. 001

Individuals Association

Guyana, Potaro-Siparuni Region, Kaietur National Park, Kelloff 1058 Guyana, Cuyuni-Mazaruni Region, Pakaraima Mts., 0.5 km NW of Imbaimadai settlement, Hoffman 3419 Guyana, Pakatuk Path, Potaro R., Jenman 7455

Inflorescences

Inflorescence , simple, andromonoecious, sometimes bisexual and sometimes male flowers predominating, the males dispersed among the bisexuals;68
68. 003

Infructescences

Infructescence with numerous fruits, disposed along whole length of rhachis;69
69. 005

Leaves

Leaves strongly , , ,70
70. 002

Phenology

Flowering ; fruiting .