Cupania diphylla

Primary tabs

Cupania diphylla


Small tree 3-10 m tall, stems ferruginous-tomentose. Leaves paripinnate or imparipinnate; petioles 0.7-4.5 (8) cm long, ferruginous-tomentose or tomentulose, glabrescent, ventrally flattened or subterete; rachis (when present) to 5 cm long; petiolules 5-12 mm long, ferruginous-tomentose or tomentulose; leaflets 2 (-4), opposite, coriaceous or less often chartaceous, the adaxial surface glabrous except for the pubescent veins, the abaxial surface ferruginous-tomentulose, especially along the prominent veins, obovate or elliptic, 5-17.5 (30) × 2.5-9 (12.5) cm, the base obtuse or acute, sometimes slightly inequilateral, the apex obtuse, rounded, retuse, obtusely acuminate or acuminate, the margins entire, slightly revolute. Inflorescence ferruginous, densely flowered, axillary spikes or distal panicles, 8-20 cm long; bracts tomentose, oblong, ca. 1.5 mm long, each subtending a single, nearly sessile flower. Sepals tomentose or tomentulose, ovate, ca. 1.5 mm long; petals elliptic, ciliate, with 2 large basal-marginal obdeltate appendages that are almost as long as the petal; disc annular-lobed, glabrous; filaments tomentose. Capsule turbinate-trilobed (with cordiform outline), (2)3-locular, 1.2-1.5 cm long, stipitate (ca. 5 mm long); pericarp 1.5-2 mm thick, outer surface ferruginous-sericeous-tomentulose, horizontally wrinkled, inner surface creamishtomentose. Seeds ellipsoid, blackish, shiny, completely covered with a thin, cream aril.


French Guiana present, Southern America: Brazil North (Acre present, Amazonas present, Pará present); Brazil Northeast (Maranhao present); Colombia (Colombia present); Peru (Peru present), Suriname present
Known from Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil (Pará, Maranhão, Acre, and Amazonas), Peru, and Colombia (SU: 3; FG: 4).

Common Name

English (Suriname): kwassikwassihoedoe, zwarte pintolokus