Alloplectus cristatus

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Alloplectus cristatus

Content

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Base>Width

0.3-0.5 cm wide1
1. 005-007-004-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Limbs>Width

0.9-1.4 cm wide2
2. 005-007-006-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes>Dimensions

0.2-0.4 x 0.25-0.4 cm wide3
3. 005-007-007-003

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes>Growth form

spreading4
4. 005-007-007-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes>Shape

rounded5
5. 005-007-007-002

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Margins>Margin type

minutely dentate6
6. 005-007-008-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Throat>Hairs

outside densely pilose, pilosulous, inside glabrous7
7. 005-007-005-002

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Throat>Width

0.5-0.8 cm wide8
8. 005-007-005-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube>Length

2-3 cm long9
9. 005-007-003-002

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube>Shape

cylindric10
10. 005-007-003-001

<<<Calyx>Ovary>Style>Hairs

glabrous11
11. 005-009-004-002

<<<Calyx>Ovary>Style>Length

ca. 2.5 cm long12
12. 005-009-004-001

<<<Leaves>Blade>Base>Hairs

above strigose or substrigose, below strigillose, hirsutulous on midvein and veins13
13. 003-002-006-002

<<<Leaves>Blade>Base>Shape

somewhat rounded14
14. 003-002-006-001

<<<Leaves>Blade>Margins>Margin type

crenate-serrulate15
15. 003-002-004-001

<<Calyx>Apex>Hairs

on both sides strigillose16
16. 005-006-001

<<Calyx>Corolla>Base

base gibbous posteriorly, , middle subventricose,17
17. 005-007-004

<<Calyx>Corolla>Colour

yellow18
18. 005-007-001

<<Calyx>Corolla>Length

2.5-3.5 cm long19
19. 005-007-002

<<Calyx>Corolla>Limbs

limb ,20
20. 005-007-006

<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes

lobes subequal, , , ,21
21. 005-007-007

<<Calyx>Corolla>Margins

margin ;22
22. 005-007-008

<<Calyx>Corolla>Throat

throat slightly constricted, , ,23
23. 005-007-005

<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube

tube , ,24
24. 005-007-003

<<Calyx>Free portion of lobes>Dimensions

1.2-2 x 2 cm25
25. 005-004-004

<<Calyx>Free portion of lobes>Dorsal lobe number

426
26. 005-004-002

<<Calyx>Free portion of lobes>Growth form

erect27
27. 005-004-001

<<Calyx>Free portion of lobes>Shape

broadly ovate28
28. 005-004-003

<<Calyx>Margins>Margin type

sharply dentate-serrate29
29. 005-005-001

<<Calyx>Ovary>Dimensions

0.4-0.5 x 0.3 cm30
30. 005-009-002

<<Calyx>Ovary>Hairs

strigillose31
31. 005-009-003

<<Calyx>Ovary>Shape

ovoid32
32. 005-009-001

<<Calyx>Ovary>Stigma

stigma stomatomorphic.33
33. 005-009-005

<<Calyx>Ovary>Style

style , ,34
34. 005-009-004

<<Calyx>Stamens>Relative distance

adnate ca. 0.4 cm to base of corolla tube35
35. 005-008-001

<<Calyx>Tube>Length

ca. 0.3 cm long36
36. 005-003-001

<<Flowers>Pedicels>Colour

red37
37. 004-002-001

<<Flowers>Pedicels>Hairs

hirsutulous38
38. 004-002-003

<<Flowers>Pedicels>Length

2.5-8 cm long39
39. 004-002-002

<<Leaves>Blade>Apex

apex acute to acuminate,40
40. 003-002-005

<<Leaves>Blade>Base

base , .41
41. 003-002-006

<<Leaves>Blade>Dimensions

3-10 x 1.5-4.5 cm42
42. 003-002-003

<<Leaves>Blade>Margins

margin ,43
43. 003-002-004

<<Leaves>Blade>Shape

oblong-elliptic to oblong-ovate44
44. 003-002-002

<<Leaves>Blade>Texture

papyraceous when dry45
45. 003-002-001

<<Leaves>Petiole>Hairs

densely strigose to subtomentose, densely pilosulous46
46. 003-001-002

<<Leaves>Petiole>Length

0.3-3.5 cm long47
47. 003-001-001

<Calyx>Apex

apex acute to acuminate, ;48
48. 005-006

<Calyx>Colour

pale pink to dark red49
49. 005-001

<Calyx>Corolla

corolla oblique in calyx, , ,50
50. 005-007

<Calyx>Free portion of lobes

free portion of lobes , subequal and dorsal lobe smaller and narrower, , ,51
51. 005-004

<Calyx>Lobes

lobes connate at base,52
52. 005-002

<Calyx>Margins

margin ,53
53. 005-005

<Calyx>Ovary

ovary , , ,54
54. 005-009

<Calyx>Stamens

stamens ;55
55. 005-008

<Calyx>Tube

tube ,56
56. 005-003

<Flowers>Flower number per cyme

solitary57
57. 004-001

<Flowers>Pedicels

pedicel , ,58
58. 004-002

<Habit>Height

to 3 m59
59. 001-001

<Leaves>Blade

blade , , ,60
60. 003-002

<Leaves>Petiole

petiole , ;61
61. 003-001

<Mature capsules>Colour

white62
62. 006-001

<Mature capsules>Dimensions

ca. 1 x 1 cm63
63. 006-003

<Mature capsules>Shape

globose64
64. 006-002

<Stems>Growth form

scandent65
65. 002-001

<Stems>Hairs

glabrescent below, hirsutulous at apex66
66. 002-002

Calyx

Calyx angulate, ,67
67. 005

Description

Epiphytic subshrub, woody climber or liana, to 3 m. Stem woody at base, scandent, glabrescent below, hirsutulous at apex. Leaves equal or subequal in a pair; petiole 0.3-3.5 cm long, densely strigose to subtomentose, densely pilosulous; blade papyraceous when dry, oblong-elliptic to oblong-ovate, 3-10 x 1.5-4.5 cm, margin crenate-serrulate, apex acute to acuminate, base somewhat rounded, above strigose or substrigose, below strigillose, hirsutulous on midvein and veins. Flowers solitary in reduced cymes; pedicel red, 2.5-8 cm long, hirsutulousCalyx angulate, pale pink to dark red, lobes connate at base, tube ca. 0.3 cm long, free portion of lobes erect, 4 subequal and dorsal lobe smaller and narrower, broadly ovate, 1.2-2 x 2 cm, margin sharply dentate-serrate, apex acute to acuminate, on both sides strigillose; corolla oblique in calyx, yellow, 2.5-3.5 cm long, tube cylindric, 2-3 cm long, base gibbous posteriorly, 0.3-0.5 cm wide, middle subventricose, throat slightly constricted, 0.5-0.8 cm wide, outside densely pilose, pilosulous, inside glabrous, limb 0.9-1.4 cm wide, lobes subequal, spreading, rounded, 0.2-0.4 x 0.25-0.4 cm wide, margin minutely dentate; stamens adnate ca. 0.4 cm to base of corolla tube; ovary ovoid, 0.4-0.5 x 0.3 cm, strigillose, style ca. 2.5 cm long, glabrous, stigma stomatomorphic. Mature capsule white, globose, ca. 1 x 1 cm.

Flowers

Flowers in reduced cymes;68
68. 004

Habit

Epiphytic subshrub, woody climber or liana, .69
69. 001

Leaves

Leaves equal or subequal in a pair;70
70. 003

Mature capsules

Mature capsule , , .71
71. 006

Notes

In the Guianas only: Alloplectus cristatus L. var. epirotes Leeuwenb. The species has 2 varieties, only one of which occurs in the Guianas. The typical variety of Alloplectus cristatus is known from the Lesser Antilles. A Leblond collection (at P-LA) of A. cristatus var. cristatus is labeled as coming from French Guiana. However, Leeuwenberg (1958: 363) considered this locality doubtful as the typical variety is known otherwise only from Martinique and St. Lucia. It differs from var. epirotes in having laciniate and serrate calyx lobes.
Leeuwenberg (1958: 363, 368) also noted that the specimen that Aublet () identified as Besleria cristata is B. flavovirens Nees & Mart.
Morley (1974: 419) included var. epirotes in Alloplectus cristatus (L.) Mart. var. brevicalyx C.V. Morton.
Clark (2005) revived Crantzia, including among others C. cristata, with var. epirotes raised to specific rank as C. epirotes (Leeuwenb.) J.L. Clark.

Stems

Stem woody at base, , .72
72. 002