Polylychnis fulgens

Primary tabs

Polylychnis fulgens

Content

<<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lower lip>Lobes>Dimensions

11 x 7.5 mm1
1. 005-005-007-002-002

<<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lower lip>Lobes>Shape

obovate2
2. 005-005-007-002-001

<<<<Calyx>Corolla>Upper lip>Lobes>Length

3-6 mm long3
3. 005-005-006-002-002

<<<<Calyx>Corolla>Upper lip>Lobes>Shape

obovate4
4. 005-005-006-002-001

<<<<Calyx>Ovary>Stigma>Lower lobes>Length

2.5 mm long5
5. 005-008-004-003-001

<<<<Calyx>Ovary>Stigma>Upper lobes>Length

0.5 mm long6
6. 005-008-004-002-001

<<<<Calyx>Stamens>Filaments>Free parts>Length

10-11 and 12-13 mm long respectively7
7. 005-006-002-003-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lip>Length

9-12 mm long8
8. 005-005-005-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lower lip>Lobe number

3-lobed9
9. 005-005-007-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lower lip>Lobes

lobes , ;10
10. 005-005-007-002

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube>Diameter

2-3 mm in diam. at base11
11. 005-005-004-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube>Width

8-13 mm wide apically12
12. 005-005-004-002

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Upper lip>Lobe number

2-lobed13
13. 005-005-006-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Upper lip>Lobes

lobes of upper lip , ,14
14. 005-005-006-002

<<<Calyx>Disk>Projection>Height

0.1-0.3 mm high15
15. 005-007-002-002

<<<Calyx>Disk>Projection>Shape

conical16
16. 005-007-002-001

<<<Calyx>Ovary>Stigma>Lobe number

2-lobed17
17. 005-008-004-001

<<<Calyx>Ovary>Stigma>Lower lobes

lower18
18. 005-008-004-003

<<<Calyx>Ovary>Stigma>Upper lobes

upper lobe19
19. 005-008-004-002

<<<Calyx>Ovary>Style>Length

67 mm long20
20. 005-008-003-001

<<<Calyx>Stamens>Anthers>Length

4 mm long21
21. 005-006-003-001

<<<Calyx>Stamens>Filaments>Free parts

free part22
22. 005-006-002-003

<<<Calyx>Stamens>Filaments>Hairs

glabrous23
23. 005-006-002-001

<<<Calyx>Stamens>Filaments>Relative distance

connate from base to 2.5-8 mm24
24. 005-006-002-002

<<<Petiole>Blade>Margins>Margin type

subentire or irregularly dentate25
25. 003-002-003-001

<<<Petiole>Blade>Shape>Dimensions

13-30 x 4.5-15 cm26
26. 003-002-001-001

<<Calyx>Corolla>Colour

bright red27
27. 005-005-001

<<Calyx>Corolla>Hairs

glabrous28
28. 005-005-003

<<Calyx>Corolla>Length

52-83 mm long29
29. 005-005-002

<<Calyx>Corolla>Lip

lips ,30
30. 005-005-005

<<Calyx>Corolla>Lower lip

lower lip ,31
31. 005-005-007

<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube

tube , ,32
32. 005-005-004

<<Calyx>Corolla>Upper lip

upper lip deeply ,33
33. 005-005-006

<<Calyx>Disk>Height

0.7-2 mm high34
34. 005-007-001

<<Calyx>Disk>Projection

projections35
35. 005-007-002

<<Calyx>Lobes>Dimensions

2.5-3.75 x 1.5 mm36
36. 005-004-002

<<Calyx>Lobes>Shape

narrowly triangular37
37. 005-004-001

<<Calyx>Ovary>Hairs

glabrous38
38. 005-008-002

<<Calyx>Ovary>Height

3-3.5 mm high39
39. 005-008-001

<<Calyx>Ovary>Stigma

stigma , , .40
40. 005-008-004

<<Calyx>Ovary>Style

style , slightly exceeding stamens,41
41. 005-008-003

<<Calyx>Stamens>Anthers

anthers ,42
42. 005-006-003

<<Calyx>Stamens>Connective

connective slightly expanded at apex;43
43. 005-006-004

<<Calyx>Stamens>Filaments

filaments , , ,44
44. 005-006-002

<<Calyx>Stamens>Relative distance

exserted 13 mm beyond mouth of corolla tube45
45. 005-006-001

<<Calyx>Tube>Dimensions

1 x 2.5 mm46
46. 005-003-001

<<Capsules>Seeds>Diameter

3-3.5 mm in diam.47
47. 006-003-002

<<Capsules>Seeds>Hairs

glabrous, margins fringed by hygroscopic trichomes48
48. 006-003-003

<<Capsules>Seeds>Seed number

649
49. 006-003-001

<<Capsules>Shape>Dimensions

24-26 x 5 x 3 mm50
50. 006-001-001

<<Capsules>Shape>Hairs

glabrous51
51. 006-001-002

<<Capsules>Stipes>Length

2.5 mm long52
52. 006-002-001

<<Inflorescences>Basal bracts>Shape

narrow, triangular53
53. 004-005-001

<<Inflorescences>Basal branchlets>Length

2-5.5 cm long54
54. 004-004-001

<<Inflorescences>Bracts>Dimensions

3 x 1.2 mm55
55. 004-006-001

<<Inflorescences>Floral bracts>Dimensions

1-1.5 x 1.2 mm56
56. 004-007-002

<<Inflorescences>Floral bracts>Shape

broadly triangular57
57. 004-007-001

<<Inflorescences>Pedicels>Length

6-12 mm long58
58. 004-008-001

<<Inflorescences>Peduncle>Length

9-14.5 cm long59
59. 004-002-001

<<Inflorescences>Rachises>Shape

quadrangular60
60. 004-003-001

<<Petiole>Blade>Hairs

glabrous on both surfaces61
61. 003-002-002

<<Petiole>Blade>Margins

margin ;62
62. 003-002-003

<<Petiole>Blade>Shape

elliptic-oblong, , caudate-acuminate at apex, acute at base and decurrent on petiole63
63. 003-002-001

<<Petiole>Cystoliths>Cystolith number

numerous64
64. 003-004-001

<<Petiole>Primary and secondary veins>Secondary vein pair number

ca. 9-17 pairs65
65. 003-003-001

<<Stems>Shape>Rib number

4-ribbed66
66. 002-002-001

<Calyx>Colour

green67
67. 005-001

<Calyx>Corolla

corolla , , ,68
68. 005-005

<Calyx>Disk

disk , ;69
69. 005-007

<Calyx>Hairs

glabrous70
70. 005-002

<Calyx>Lobes

lobes , ;71
71. 005-004

<Calyx>Ovary

ovary , ,72
72. 005-008

<Calyx>Stamens

stamens ,73
73. 005-006

<Calyx>Tube

tube ,74
74. 005-003

<Capsules>Seeds

seeds , , .75
75. 006-003

<Capsules>Shape

clavate, , , apiculate76
76. 006-001

<Capsules>Stipes

stipe 12 x ,77
77. 006-002

<Habit>Growth form

scandent78
78. 001-001

<Inflorescences>Basal bracts

basal bracts ,79
79. 004-005

<Inflorescences>Basal branchlets

basal branchlets , once or twice dichasially branched;80
80. 004-004

<Inflorescences>Bracts

bracts ,81
81. 004-006

<Inflorescences>Floral bracts

floral bracts , ;82
82. 004-007

<Inflorescences>Pedicels

pedicels .83
83. 004-008

<Inflorescences>Peduncle

peduncle ;84
84. 004-002

<Inflorescences>Position

terminal, sometimes axillary85
85. 004-001

<Inflorescences>Rachises

rachis sharply , longer than peduncle and consisting of long internodes;86
86. 004-003

<Petiole>Blade

blade herbaceous, , ,87
87. 003-002

<Petiole>Cystoliths

cystoliths and conspicuous, especially on upper surface.88
88. 003-004

<Petiole>Length

5-30 mm89
89. 003-001

<Petiole>Primary and secondary veins

primary vein and secondary veins () slightly raised on both surfaces, veinlets prominent on lower surface;90
90. 003-003

<Stems>Colour

green91
91. 002-001

<Stems>Hairs

glabrous92
92. 002-003

<Stems>Shape

subquadrate, becoming towards apex93
93. 002-002

Calyx

Calyx , ,94
94. 005

Capsules

Capsule ,95
95. 006

Description

Large herb or scandent shrub, often lignified at base. Stem green, subquadrate, becoming 4-ribbed towards apex, glabrous. Petiole 5-30 mm, canaliculate; blade herbaceous, elliptic-oblong, 13-30 x 4.5-15 cm, caudate-acuminate at apex, acute at base and decurrent on petiole, glabrous on both surfaces, margin subentire or irregularly dentate; primary vein and secondary veins (ca. 9-17 pairs) slightly raised on both surfaces, veinlets prominent on lower surface; cystoliths numerous and conspicuous, especially on upper surface. Inflorescence a terminal, sometimes axillary, panicle, peduncle 9-14.5 cm long; rachis sharply quadrangular, longer than peduncle and consisting of long internodes; basal branchlets 2-5.5 cm long, once or twice dichasially branched; basal bracts narrow, triangular, bracts 3 x 1.2 mm, floral bracts broadly triangular, 1-1.5 x 1.2 mm; pedicels 6-12 mm long. Calyx green, glabrous, tube 1 x 2.5 mm, lobes narrowly triangular, 2.5-3.75 x 1.5 mm; corolla bright red, 52-83 mm long, glabrous, tube 2-3 mm in diam. at base, 8-13 mm wide apically, lips 9-12 mm long, upper lip deeply 2-lobed, lobes of upper lip obovate, 3-6 mm long, lower lip 3-lobed, lobes obovate, 11 x 7.5 mm; stamens exserted 13 mm beyond mouth of corolla tube, filaments glabrous, connate from base to 2.5-8 mm, free part 10-11 and 12-13 mm long respectively, anthers 4 mm long, connective slightly expanded at apex; disk 0.7-2 mm high, conical projections 0.1-0.3 mm high; ovary 3-3.5 mm high, glabrous, style 67 mm long, slightly exceeding stamens, stigma 2-lobed, upper lobe 0.5 mm long, lower 2.5 mm long. Capsule clavate, 24-26 x 5 x 3 mm, glabrous, apiculate, stipe 12 x 2.5 mm long, seeds 6, 3-3.5 mm in diam., glabrous, margins fringed by hygroscopic trichomes.

Distribution

French Guiana present, Suriname present
Suriname and French Guiana; 19 collections studied (SU: 1; FG: 18).

Habit

Large herb or shrub, often lignified at base.96
96. 001

Individuals Association

Saül, de Granville B. 4581 Saül region, Skog & Feuillet 7145

Inflorescences

Inflorescence a , panicle,97
97. 004

Notes

Visited and presumably pollinated by hummingbirds, the nectaries visited by ants after corollas fall (; observation on plants misidentified as Ruellia radicans (Polylychnis radicans).

Petiole

Petiole , canaliculate;98
98. 003

Phenology

Flowering .

Stems

Stem , , .99
99. 002