Nautilocalyx pictus

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Nautilocalyx pictus

Content

<<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes>Dorsal lobes>Lobe number

21
1. 005-005-007-001-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Base>Width

0.2-0.4 cm wide2
2. 005-005-004-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Limbs>Width

1.5-2 cm wide3
3. 005-005-006-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes>Dimensions

0.4-0.7 x 0.4-0.7 cm4
4. 005-005-007-004

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes>Dorsal lobes

dorsal lobes somewhat smaller than others5
5. 005-005-007-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes>Growth form

spreading6
6. 005-005-007-002

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes>Shape

rounded7
7. 005-005-007-003

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Margins>Margin type

more or less serrate8
8. 005-005-008-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Throat>Hairs

outside more or less pilose, inside dorsally pubescent with glandular hairs9
9. 005-005-005-002

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Throat>Width

0.7-1.1 cm wide10
10. 005-005-005-001

<<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube>Length

2.5-3.5 cm long11
11. 005-005-003-001

<<<Calyx>Ovary>Stigma>Lobe number

2-lobed12
12. 005-007-005-001

<<<Calyx>Ovary>Style>Hairs

pubescent13
13. 005-007-004-002

<<<Calyx>Ovary>Style>Length

2-2.5 cm long14
14. 005-007-004-001

<<<Flowers>Pedicels>Hairs>Colour

purple15
15. 004-003-002-001

<<<Leaves>Blade>Base>Hairs

above sparsely strigose to glabrous, below appressed-pubescent or pilosulous, especially on midrib and veins16
16. 003-002-006-001

<<<Leaves>Blade>Margins>Margin type

crenate-serrate17
17. 003-002-004-001

<<Calyx>Apex>Hairs

outside and inside densely villous18
18. 005-004-001

<<Calyx>Corolla>Base

base spurred, , middle slightly contracted,19
19. 005-005-004

<<Calyx>Corolla>Colour

white20
20. 005-005-001

<<Calyx>Corolla>Length

3-4.5 cm long21
21. 005-005-002

<<Calyx>Corolla>Limbs

limb ,22
22. 005-005-006

<<Calyx>Corolla>Lobes

lobes subequal, , , , ,23
23. 005-005-007

<<Calyx>Corolla>Margins

margin ;24
24. 005-005-008

<<Calyx>Corolla>Throat

throat slightly contracted, , ,25
25. 005-005-005

<<Calyx>Corolla>Tube

tube more or less infundibuliform, ,26
26. 005-005-003

<<Calyx>Lobes>Dimensions

1-2.5 x 0.15-0.4 cm27
27. 005-002-004

<<Calyx>Lobes>Dorsal lobes

dorsal one curved around spur, somewhat smaller28
28. 005-002-005

<<Calyx>Lobes>Growth form

erect29
29. 005-002-002

<<Calyx>Lobes>Lobe number

430
30. 005-002-001

<<Calyx>Lobes>Shape

linear-lanceolate31
31. 005-002-003

<<Calyx>Margins>Teeth number

few32
32. 005-003-001

<<Calyx>Ovary>Dimensions

0.25-0.4 x 0.15-0.3 cm33
33. 005-007-002

<<Calyx>Ovary>Hairs

hirsute34
34. 005-007-003

<<Calyx>Ovary>Shape

ovoid35
35. 005-007-001

<<Calyx>Ovary>Stigma

stigma .36
36. 005-007-005

<<Calyx>Ovary>Style

style , ,37
37. 005-007-004

<<Flowers>Pedicels>Hairs

villous38
38. 004-003-002

<<Flowers>Pedicels>Length

0.3-1.5 cm long39
39. 004-003-001

<<Leaves>Blade>Apex

apex acuminate,40
40. 003-002-005

<<Leaves>Blade>Base

base cuneate, .41
41. 003-002-006

<<Leaves>Blade>Dimensions

5.5-22.5 x 2.5-10 cm42
42. 003-002-003

<<Leaves>Blade>Margins

margin ,43
43. 003-002-004

<<Leaves>Blade>Shape

oblong-elliptic or oblong-lanceolate44
44. 003-002-002

<<Leaves>Blade>Texture

chartaceous when dry45
45. 003-002-001

<<Leaves>Petiole>Hairs

villous or pilose46
46. 003-001-002

<<Leaves>Petiole>Length

(1-)1.5-5(-8) cm long47
47. 003-001-001

<<Stems>Hairs>Colour

purple48
48. 002-002-001

<Calyx>Apex

apex long-acuminate, ;49
49. 005-004

<Calyx>Colour

green or purple50
50. 005-001

<Calyx>Corolla

corolla oblique in calyx, , ,51
51. 005-005

<Calyx>Lobes

lobes almost free, , subequal, , , ,52
52. 005-002

<Calyx>Margins

margin with thickened, hard teeth,53
53. 005-003

<Calyx>Ovary

ovary , , ,54
54. 005-007

<Calyx>Stamens

stamens included, inserted at base of corolla;55
55. 005-006

<Flowers>Flower number

1 to several56
56. 004-001

<Flowers>Pedicels

pedicel , .57
57. 004-003

<Flowers>Peduncle

peduncle obsolete or very short;58
58. 004-002

<Habit>Height

20-50 cm tall59
59. 001-001

<Leaves>Blade

blade , , ,60
60. 003-002

<Leaves>Petiole

petiole , ;61
61. 003-001

<Mature capsules>Colour

light brown62
62. 006-001

<Mature capsules>Dimensions

0.6-0.8 x 0.6-0.8 cm63
63. 006-003

<Mature capsules>Shape

globose64
64. 006-002

<Stems>Growth form

creeping or ascending65
65. 002-001

<Stems>Hairs

-villous or pilose at apex, glabrescent66
66. 002-002

Calyx

Calyx ,67
67. 005

Common Name

English (French Guiana): mâle herbe serpent, yawayi lo

Description

Terrestrial herb, 20-50 cm tall. Stem sappy, creeping or ascending, purple-villous or pilose at apex, glabrescent. Leaves subequal in a pair; petiole (1-)1.5-5(-8) cm long, villous or pilose; blade chartaceous when dry, oblong-elliptic or oblong-lanceolate, 5.5-22.5 x 2.5-10 cm, margin crenate-serrate, apex acuminate, base cuneate, above sparsely strigose to glabrous, below appressed-pubescent or pilosulous, especially on midrib and veins. Flowers 1 to several; peduncle obsolete or very short; pedicel 0.3-1.5 cm long, purple villous. Calyx green or purple, lobes almost free, 4erect, subequal, linear-lanceolate, 1-2.5 x 0.15-0.4 cm, dorsal one curved around spur, somewhat smaller, margin with few thickened, hard teeth, apex long-acuminate, outside and inside densely villous; corolla oblique in calyx, white, 3-4.5 cm long, tube more or less infundibuliform, 2.5-3.5 cm long, base spurred, 0.2-0.4 cm wide, middle slightly contracted, throat slightly contracted, 0.7-1.1 cm wide, outside more or less pilose, inside dorsally pubescent with glandular hairs, limb 1.5-2 cm wide, lobes subequal, 2 dorsal lobes somewhat smaller than others, spreading, rounded, 0.4-0.7 x 0.4-0.7 cm, margin more or less serrate; stamens included, inserted at base of corolla; ovary ovoid, 0.25-0.4 x 0.15-0.3 cm, hirsute, style 2-2.5 cm long, pubescent, stigma 2-lobed. Mature capsule light brown, globose, 0.6-0.8 x 0.6-0.8 cm.

Distribution

Guianas present, Southern America: Colombia (Colombia present), northern Brazil present
Colombia, the Guianas and northern Brazil; > 200 collections studied (GU: 25; SU: 15; FG: 165).

Flowers

Flowers ;68
68. 004

Habit

Terrestrial herb, .69
69. 001

Individuals Association

Piste de St Elie, near Sinnamary, Prévost 4161 Station des Nouragues, de Granville et al. 11132 Guyana, Kangaruma-Potaro Landing, Gleason 199 Suriname, Tafelberg, Evans et al. 3027 Suriname, Wilhelmina Mts., at summit of Frederick Top, 3 km SE of Juliana Top, Irwin et al. 54963 Guyana, North Fork R., McDowell et al. 4823

Leaves

Leaves subequal in a pair;70
70. 003

Mature capsules

Mature capsule , , .71
71. 006

Phenology

Collected in flower , in fruit .

Stems

Stem sappy, , .72
72. 002

Uses

Used in local medicine against scorpion stings; cultivated as an ornamental, several color-forms have been introduced in cultivation.