Codonanthe crassifolia

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Codonanthe crassifolia

Description

Epiphytic subshrub, usually ca. 30 cm long, occasionally to 2 m. Stem subwoody at base, succulent above, pendent, repent, or creeping, apex puberulent, glabrous below. Leaves subequal in a pair; petiole 0.2-1.5 cm long, puberulent; blade coriaceous, often wrinkled when dry, elliptic to oblong or ovate, 1.5-8.5 x 0.6-3.9 cm, margin entire or rarely obscurely sinuate, apex acute to obtuse, base rounded to cuneate, above glabrous to minutely puberulent, below glabrous. Flowers in cymose 1-4(-12)-flowered inflorescences; epedunculate; pedicel 0.5-1.1 cm long, puberulent. Calyx green or reddish, lobes 5, free, dorsal lobe forced back by corolla spur, nearly equal, linear-lanceolate, 0.2-0.9 x 0.1 cm, margin entire, apex acute, outside and inside puberulous; corolla oblique in calyx, white, or cream colored, rarely pink on lobes, 1.5-2.8 cm long, tube funnelform, 1.2-1.8 cm long, base spurred, 0.1-0.2 cm wide, middle broader above, throat not constricted, 0.3-0.8 cm wide, outside glabrous or puberulent, inside with irregular ring of glandular hairs in throat, limb 0.6-1.5 cm wide, lobes subequal, spreading, rotund, 0.2-0.6 x 0.2-0.6 cm wide, margin nearly entire; stamens included, adnate to base of corolla tube for 0.3-0.4 cm; ovary oblong-ovoid, 0.2-0.4 x 0.1-0.2 cm wide, puberulous, style 0.8-1 cm long, glabrous, stigma stomatomorphic. Mature berry pink to red, subglobose, ca. 1 x 1 cm, apex not prominent.

Distribution

C America present, Guianas present, Southern America, northern S America present, south to Bolivia present, southern Mexico present
As Moore (1973) wrote, "Codonanthe crassifolia has the greatest range and the most variable morphology of any species in the genus". The species is distributed from southern Mexico through C America into northern S America, south to Bolivia and Brazil, and east to the Guianas; > 500 collections studied, 110 in the Guianas (GU: 50; SU: 10; FG: 50).

Phenology

Flowering and fruiting .

Notes

Sandwith () explains that Hanstein's 1865 description of C. calcarata was confusing, not based on the type that he apparently had not seen. Hanstein's C. calcarata was a different species, which Sandwith described as C. confusa, not realizing that the species had already been described as Hypocyrta crassifolia by Focke in 1852.
Photograph: Feuillet & Skog, 2002 (pl. 65 c (Mori et al. 21610)).