Justicia carthaginensis

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Justicia carthaginensis

Content

<<<<Flowers>Corolla>Lower lip>Lobes>Dimensions

4.5-5 x 3-8 mm1
1. 005-002-006-003-001

<<<<Flowers>Corolla>Lower lip>Lobes>Shape

ovate and apically rounded2
2. 005-002-006-003-002

<<<<Flowers>Corolla>Upper lip>Lobes>Length

1.3-2.3 mm long3
3. 005-002-005-005-001

<<<<Flowers>Stamens>Thecae>Upper thecae>Relative distance

attached to connective 1 mm above basal appendaged lobe4
4. 005-003-002-001-001

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobes>Colour

white5
5. 005-001-003-004

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobes>Dimensions

6.5-11 x 1-1.5 mm6
6. 005-001-003-002

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobes>Hairs

glabrous or hirtellous, and margin ciliate7
7. 005-001-003-003

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobes>Shape

lanceolate8
8. 005-001-003-001

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Lower lip>Growth form

spreading9
9. 005-002-006-001

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Lower lip>Length

8-17 mm long10
10. 005-002-006-002

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Lower lip>Lobes

lobes , all ;11
11. 005-002-006-003

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Tube>Diameter

1.5-4.5 mm in diam.12
12. 005-002-004-002

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Tube>Length

(6-)8-18 mm long13
13. 005-002-004-001

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Upper lip>Growth form

erect14
14. 005-002-005-001

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Upper lip>Length

7.5-13 mm long15
15. 005-002-005-003

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Upper lip>Lobe number

entire to 2-lobed16
16. 005-002-005-004

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Upper lip>Lobes

lobes ,17
17. 005-002-005-005

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Upper lip>Shape

triangular-ovate18
18. 005-002-005-002

<<<Flowers>Stamens>Thecae>Upper thecae

upper theca19
19. 005-003-002-001

<<<Inflorescences>Bracteoles>Shape>Dimensions

6-18 x 0.8-6.5 mm20
20. 004-007-001-001

<<<Inflorescences>Bracts>Shape>Dimensions

9-16 x 2.5-6.5 mm21
21. 004-006-001-001

<<<Petiole>Blade>Margins>Hairs

both surfaces glabrous or with trichomes along major veins22
22. 003-002-003-003

<<<Petiole>Blade>Margins>Margin type

entire23
23. 003-002-003-001

<<<Petiole>Blade>Margins>Shape

acute to acuminate at apex, acute to attenuate at base24
24. 003-002-003-002

<<Capsules>Body>Length

7-10 mm long25
25. 006-004-002

<<Capsules>Body>Shape

ovoid to subspheric to ellipsoid-obovoid26
26. 006-004-001

<<Capsules>Seeds>Colour

nitid27
27. 006-005-006

<<Capsules>Seeds>Dimensions

3-3.5 x 3-3.3 x 1.7-2 mm28
28. 006-005-003

<<Capsules>Seeds>Hairs

puberulous, when mature glabrous29
29. 006-005-004

<<Capsules>Seeds>Seed number

430
30. 006-005-001

<<Capsules>Seeds>Shape

subspheric31
31. 006-005-002

<<Capsules>Seeds>Texture

smooth32
32. 006-005-005

<<Capsules>Stipes>Length

3-8 mm long33
33. 006-003-001

<<Flowers>Calyx>Length

7-12 mm long34
34. 005-001-002

<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobe number

5-lobed35
35. 005-001-001

<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobes

lobes equal, , , , ;36
36. 005-001-003

<<Flowers>Corolla>Colour

violet to reddish to purple, rarely white37
37. 005-002-001

<<Flowers>Corolla>Hairs

pubescent without38
38. 005-002-003

<<Flowers>Corolla>Length

(14-)17-34 mm long39
39. 005-002-002

<<Flowers>Corolla>Lower lip

lower lip , ,40
40. 005-002-006

<<Flowers>Corolla>Tube

tube , ,41
41. 005-002-004

<<Flowers>Corolla>Upper lip

upper lip , , , ,42
42. 005-002-005

<<Flowers>Stamens>Relative distance

exserted 5 mm beyond mouth of corolla tube43
43. 005-003-001

<<Flowers>Stamens>Thecae

anther thecae subequal, subparallel, unequally inserted, ;44
44. 005-003-002

<<Flowers>Style>Hairs

proximally pubescent45
45. 005-004-002

<<Flowers>Style>Length

13-22 mm long46
46. 005-004-001

<<Inflorescences>Bracteoles>Hairs

pubescence similar to that of bracts47
47. 004-007-002

<<Inflorescences>Bracteoles>Shape

oblanceolate to spathulate, , apically rounded to truncate48
48. 004-007-001

<<Inflorescences>Bracts>Hairs

subglabrous to moderately hirtellous and ciliate49
49. 004-006-002

<<Inflorescences>Bracts>Shape

elliptic to obovate to spathulate, , apically acute to truncate50
50. 004-006-001

<<Inflorescences>Dichasia>Dichasia per axil

1(-2)51
51. 004-005-001

<<Inflorescences>Dichasia>Flower number

1-flowered52
52. 004-005-002

<<Inflorescences>Rachises>Hairs

pubescent53
53. 004-004-001

<<Petiole>Blade>Dimensions

2-13.5 x 1.5-5 cm54
54. 003-002-002

<<Petiole>Blade>Margins

margin , , .55
55. 003-002-003

<<Petiole>Blade>Shape

lanceolate to ovate to elliptic-ovate56
56. 003-002-001

<Capsules>Body

body , , often with a slight medial constriction;57
57. 006-004

<Capsules>Dimensions

10-18 x 6 x 3 mm58
58. 006-001

<Capsules>Hairs

puberulous59
59. 006-002

<Capsules>Seeds

seeds , , , , and .60
60. 006-005

<Capsules>Stipes

stipe ,61
61. 006-003

<Flowers>Calyx

calyx , ,62
62. 005-001

<Flowers>Corolla

corolla , , ,63
63. 005-002

<Flowers>Stamens

stamens ,64
64. 005-003

<Flowers>Style

style , , minutely bilobed.65
65. 005-004

<Habit>Growth form

Erect to spreading66
66. 001-001

<Habit>Height

to 1.5 m tall67
67. 001-002

<Inflorescences>Bracteoles

bracteoles ,68
68. 004-007

<Inflorescences>Bracts

bracts opposite, proximal bracts often foliose, those near midspike petiolate, , ;69
69. 004-006

<Inflorescences>Diameter

1.2-2.5 cm in diam. near midpoint (excluding flowers)70
70. 004-003

<Inflorescences>Dichasia

dichasia opposite, per axil, , sessile;71
71. 004-005

<Inflorescences>Length

2-7 cm long (excluding flowers)72
72. 004-002

<Inflorescences>Position

terminal73
73. 004-001

<Inflorescences>Rachises

rachis ;74
74. 004-004

<Juvenile stems>Hairs

(± evenly to) bifariously pubescent, soon glabrate75
75. 002-002

<Juvenile stems>Shape

subquadrate to quadrate-multistriate to ± flattened76
76. 002-001

<Petiole>Blade

blade , ,77
77. 003-002

<Petiole>Length

to 20 mm long78
78. 003-001

Capsules

Capsule , ,79
79. 006

Description

Erect to spreading perennial herb or shrub to 1.5 m tall. Young stem subquadrate to quadrate-multistriate to ± flattened, (± evenly to) bifariously pubescent, soon glabrate. Petiole to 20 mm long; blade lanceolate to ovate to elliptic-ovate, 2-13.5 x 1.5-5 cm, margin entire, acute to acuminate at apex, acute to attenuate at base, both surfaces glabrous or with trichomes along major veins. Inflorescence of dichasia in axils of distal leaves or usually in axils of bracts forming a terminal, sessile, dichasiate spike, 2-7 cm long (excluding flowers), 1.2-2.5 cm in diam. near midpoint (excluding flowers); rachis pubescent; dichasia opposite, 1(-2) per axil, 1-flowered, sessile; bracts opposite, proximal bracts often foliose, those near midspike petiolate, elliptic to obovate to spathulate, 9-16 x 2.5-6.5 mm, apically acute to truncate, subglabrous to moderately hirtellous and ciliate; bracteoles oblanceolate to spathulate, 6-18 x 0.8-6.5 mm, apically rounded to truncate, pubescence similar to that of bractsFlowers sessile to subsessile; calyx 5-lobed, 7-12 mm long, lobes equal, lanceolate, 6.5-11 x 1-1.5 mm, glabrous or hirtellous, and margin ciliate, white; corolla violet to reddish to purple, rarely white, (14-)17-34 mm long, pubescent without, tube (6-)8-18 mm long, 1.5-4.5 mm in diam., upper lip erect, triangular-ovate, 7.5-13 mm long, entire to 2-lobed, lobes 1.3-2.3 mm long, lower lip spreading, 8-17 mm long, lobes 4.5-5 x 3-8 mm, all ovate and apically rounded; stamens exserted 5 mm beyond mouth of corolla tube, anther thecae subequal, subparallel, unequally inserted, upper theca attached to connective 1 mm above basal appendaged lobe; style 13-22 mm long, proximally pubescent, minutely bilobed. Capsule 10-18 x 6 x 3 mm, puberulous, stipe 3-8 mm long, body ovoid to subspheric to ellipsoid-obovoid, 7-10 mm long, often with a slight medial constriction; seeds 4, subspheric, 3-3.5 x 3-3.3 x 1.7-2 mm, puberulous, when mature glabrous, smooth and nitid.

Distribution

Bahama Islands present, C America present, Guianas present, Northern America, Southern America: Colombia (Colombia present); Ecuador (Ecuador present); Peru (Peru present); Venezuela (Venezuela present)
Mexico and C America, Bahama Islands, West Indies, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru; 176 collections studied of which 4 from the Guianas (GU: 1; SU; 3).

Flowers

Flowers sessile to subsessile;80
80. 005

Habit

perennial herb or shrub .81
81. 001

Individuals Association

Suriname, Focke 1421 Suriname, Lanjouw 1084 Guyana, Demerara, Georgetown, Jenman 4198

Inflorescences

Inflorescence of dichasia in axils of distal leaves or usually in axils of bracts forming a , sessile, dichasiate spike, , ;82
82. 004

Juvenile stems

Young stem , .83
83. 002

Petiole

Petiole ;84
84. 003