Coutoubea spicata

Primary tabs

Coutoubea spicata

Content

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Apex>Shape

long-acuminate1
1. 005-002-006-001

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Calyx lobes>Dimensions

3-7 x 1-2 mm2
2. 005-002-004-002

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Calyx lobes>Shape

narrowly triangular3
3. 005-002-004-001

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Margins>Colour

white4
4. 005-002-005-001

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Apex>Shape

acuminate5
5. 005-003-005-001

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Corolla lobes>Dimensions

5-9 x 1.5-3 mm6
6. 005-003-004-002

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Corolla lobes>Shape

narrowly elliptic7
7. 005-003-004-001

<<<Flowers>Filaments>Anthers>Colour

pale yellow or brown8
8. 005-004-003-001

<<<Flowers>Filaments>Anthers>Length

2.5-4.5 mm long9
9. 005-004-003-002

<<<Flowers>Ovary>Stigma lobes>Colour

white10
10. 005-005-004-001

<<<Flowers>Ovary>Stigma lobes>Dimensions

0.5-2 x 0.5-1.5 mm11
11. 005-005-004-002

<<<Flowers>Ovary>Style>Colour

white12
12. 005-005-003-001

<<<Flowers>Ovary>Style>Length

5 mm long13
13. 005-005-003-002

<<<Flowers>Ovary>Style>Texture

fleshy14
14. 005-005-003-003

<<<Inflorescences>Bracts and bracteoles>Basal bracts>Length

up to 60 mm long15
15. 004-004-003-001

<<Flowers>Calyx>Apex

apex ;16
16. 005-002-006

<<Flowers>Calyx>Calyx lobes

calyx lobes , ,17
17. 005-002-004

<<Flowers>Calyx>Colour

green18
18. 005-002-001

<<Flowers>Calyx>Length

5-10 mm long19
19. 005-002-003

<<Flowers>Calyx>Margins

margin ,20
20. 005-002-005

<<Flowers>Calyx>Texture

coriaceous21
21. 005-002-002

<<Flowers>Corolla>Apex

apex ;22
22. 005-003-005

<<Flowers>Corolla>Colour

white to pink or purple, in throat dark purple, pink or lilac23
23. 005-003-001

<<Flowers>Corolla>Corolla lobes

corolla lobes reflexed, , ,24
24. 005-003-004

<<Flowers>Corolla>Length

11-18 mm long25
25. 005-003-003

<<Flowers>Corolla>Texture

chartaceous to membranous26
26. 005-003-002

<<Flowers>Filaments>Anthers

anthers , ;27
27. 005-004-003

<<Flowers>Filaments>Colour

white28
28. 005-004-001

<<Flowers>Filaments>Length

2-7 mm long29
29. 005-004-002

<<Flowers>Ovary>Dimensions

4 x 1.5 mm30
30. 005-005-002

<<Flowers>Ovary>Shape

ovoid31
31. 005-005-001

<<Flowers>Ovary>Stigma lobes

stigma lobes , .32
32. 005-005-004

<<Flowers>Ovary>Style

style , , ,33
33. 005-005-003

<<Fruits>Seeds>Colour

brown34
34. 006-004-001

<<Fruits>Seeds>Diameter

0.3 mm in diam.35
35. 006-004-002

<<Inflorescences>Bracts and bracteoles>Basal bracts

(basal bracts sometimes leaf-like, )36
36. 004-004-003

<<Inflorescences>Bracts and bracteoles>Length

1.5-9 mm long37
37. 004-004-002

<<Inflorescences>Bracts and bracteoles>Shape

narrowly elliptic38
38. 004-004-001

<<Inflorescences>Peduncle>Length

0.5-7 cm long39
39. 004-003-001

<<Leaves>Base>Shape

cuneate or rounded40
40. 003-005-001

<<Leaves>Primary veins>Colour

pale41
41. 003-006-002

<<Leaves>Primary veins>Shape

flat or slightly prominent above42
42. 003-006-001

<<Stems>Internodes>Length

0.2-8 cm long43
43. 002-004-001

<Flowers>Calyx

calyx (glossy) , , ,44
44. 005-002

<Flowers>Corolla

corolla , , ,45
45. 005-003

<Flowers>Filaments

filaments , ,46
46. 005-004

<Flowers>Growth form

somewhat erect47
47. 005-001

<Flowers>Ovary

ovary , ,48
48. 005-005

<Fruits>Colour

green49
49. 006-001

<Fruits>Dimensions

5-9 x 1.5-3 mm50
50. 006-003

<Fruits>Seeds

seeds ,51
51. 006-004

<Fruits>Shape

ovoid or ellipsoid52
52. 006-002

<Habit>Height

15-150 cm high53
53. 001-001

<Habit>Texture

woody at base54
54. 001-002

<Inflorescences>Bracts and bracteoles

bracts and bracteoles , .55
55. 004-004

<Inflorescences>Length

2-26 cm long56
56. 004-002

<Inflorescences>Peduncle

including peduncle of57
57. 004-003

<Inflorescences>Position

terminal or axillary58
58. 004-001

<Leaves>Base

base , (semi-)amplexicaul;59
59. 003-005

<Leaves>Colour

dull green60
60. 003-002

<Leaves>Dimensions

1-11 x 0.1-3 cm61
61. 003-004

<Leaves>Primary veins

primary vein sunken, , , prominent, secondary veins, if visible, slightly prominent beneath.62
62. 003-006

<Leaves>Shape

narrowly elliptic to ovate-elliptic or narrowly obovate63
63. 003-003

<Leaves>Texture

stiff, fleshy, (dried coriaceous, chartaceous to membranous)64
64. 003-001

<Stems>Diameter

0.1-0.5 cm in diam.65
65. 002-001

<Stems>Internodes

internodes .66
66. 002-004

<Stems>Shape

terete, some parts angular67
67. 002-002

<Stems>Texture

smooth68
68. 002-003

Citation

Aubl. 1775 – In: Hist. Pl. Guiane. tab. 27

Common Name

English (French Guiana): tautanmiuméê

Description

Herb, 15-150 cm high, woody at base. Stem at base 0.1-0.5 cm in diam., terete, some parts angular or grooved, smooth, simple or poorly branched; internodes 0.2-8 cm long. Leaves sessile, stiff, fleshy, (dried coriaceous, chartaceous to membranous), dull green, narrowly elliptic to ovate-elliptic or narrowly obovate, 1-11 x 0.1-3 cm, base cuneate or rounded, (semi-)amplexicaul; primary vein sunken, flat or slightly prominent above, pale, prominent, secondary veins, if visible, slightly prominent beneath. Inflorescence a terminal or axillary spike, 2-26 cm long, including peduncle of 0.5-7 cm long; bracts and bracteoles narrowly elliptic, 1.5-9 mm long(basal bracts sometimes leaf-like, up to 60 mm long). Flowers somewhat erect, sessile, verticillate, congested; calyx (glossy) green, coriaceous, 5-10 mm long, calyx lobes narrowly triangular, 3-7 x 1-2 mm, margin white, apex long-acuminate; corolla white to pink or purple, in throat dark purple, pink or lilac, chartaceous to membranous, 11-18 mm long, corolla lobes reflexed, narrowly elliptic, 5-9 x 1.5-3 mm, apex acuminate; filaments white, 2-7 mm long, anthers pale yellow or brown, 2.5-4.5 mm long; ovary ovoid, 4 x 1.5 mm, style white, 5 mm long, fleshy, stigma lobes white, 0.5-2 x 0.5-1.5 mm. Fruit green, ovoid or ellipsoid, 5-9 x 1.5-3 mm; seeds brown, 0.3 mm in diam.

Distribution

C America present, Guianas present present, Northern America, Southern America: Colombia (Colombia present); Venezuela (Venezuela present)
Mexico, C America, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, Brazil; 250+ collections studied, of which 100 from the Guianas (GU: 28; SU: 38; FG: 34).

Flowers

Flowers , sessile, verticillate, congested;69
69. 005

Fruits

Fruit , , ;70
70. 006

Habit

Herb, , .71
71. 001

Individuals Association

Le Gallion, Route N2, Billiet & Jadin 1033 Suriname, Zuid R., Kayser Airstrip, Irwin et al. 57521 Suriname, Brownsberg, Brownsweg, Kramer & Hekking 3226 Guyana, Rupununi Savanna, Lethem, Jansen-Jacobs et al. 557 Saül, vicinity of village along airport, Mori & Gracie 18383 Guyana, Berbice R., Waranama, Harrison 564

Inflorescences

Inflorescence a spike, , ;72
72. 004

Leaves

Leaves sessile, , , , ,73
73. 003

Notes

Several collectors mention the plant to be poisonous to cattle.

Phenology

Flowering and fruiting .

Stems

Stem at base , or grooved, , simple or poorly branched;74
74. 002