Nephelium

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Nephelium

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Sepals>Sepal number

4-61
1. 004-001-002-001

<<<Flowers>Ovary>Stigma>Lobe number

2(3)-lobed2
2. 004-005-004-001

<<<Flowers>Ovary>Stigma>Shape

elongated3
3. 004-005-004-002

<<<Flowers>Ovary>Style>Shape

elongated4
4. 004-005-003-001

<<Flowers>Calyx>Sepals

sepals free or connate at base, subequal;5
5. 004-001-002

<<Flowers>Calyx>Shape

cup-shaped6
6. 004-001-001

<<Flowers>Ovary>Carpel number

(1)2(-4)-carpellate7
7. 004-005-001

<<Flowers>Ovary>Ovule number per carpel

a single ovule per carpel8
8. 004-005-002

<<Flowers>Ovary>Stigma

stigma , and usually coiled.9
9. 004-005-004

<<Flowers>Ovary>Style

style ,10
10. 004-005-003

<<Flowers>Petals>Petal number

wanting or 4-611
11. 004-002-001

<<Flowers>Stamens>Stamen number

4-1012
12. 004-004-001

<<Fruits>Pericarp>Texture

tuberculate or echinate, coriaceous or less often woody or corky13
13. 005-002-001

<Flowers>Calyx

calyx , with valvate aestivation,14
14. 004-001

<Flowers>Disk

disc annular;15
15. 004-003

<Flowers>Ovary

ovary , with ,16
16. 004-005

<Flowers>Petals

petals , clawed, with a bilobed appendage (seemingly connate, reflexed, basal margins);17
17. 004-002

<Flowers>Stamens

stamens ;18
18. 004-004

<Fruits>Coccus number per fruit

1(2)-coccate19
19. 005-001

<Fruits>Pericarp

the pericarp warty, .20
20. 005-002

<Inflorescences>Position

axillary or distal (also cauliflorous in N. cuspidatum)21
21. 003-001

<Inflorescences>Shape

paniculate22
22. 003-002

<Leaves>Leaflets

leaflets distinctly glaucous beneath.23
23. 002-001

<Seeds>Sarcotesta

completely covered by edible sarcotesta24
24. 006-001

Description

Trees or less often shrubs. Leaves alternate, paripinnate; leaflets distinctly glaucous beneath. Inflorescences axillary or distal (also cauliflorous in N. cuspidatum), simple or paniculate thyrses. Flowers actinomorphic, diclinous; calyx cup-shaped, with valvate aestivation, sepals free or connate at base, 4-6 subequal; petals wanting or 4-6, clawed, with a bilobed appendage (seemingly connate, reflexed, basal margins); disc annular; stamens 4-10; ovary (1)2(-4)-carpellate, with a single ovule per carpel, style elongated, stigma 2(3)-lobed, elongated and usually coiled. Fruits 1(2)-coccate, tardily loculicidally dehiscent, the pericarp warty, tuberculate or echinate, coriaceous or less often woody or corky. Seeds completely covered by edible sarcotesta.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate, Malaysia present, Yunnan and Assam to Hainan present
About 16 species from China (Yunnan and Assam to Hainan) and Malaysia. Nephelium lappaceum L., the Rambutan and N. ramboutan-ake (Labill.) Leenh. the Pulasan are widely cultivated for their edible fruits.

Flowers

Flowers actinomorphic, diclinous;25
25. 004

Fruits

Fruits , tardily loculicidally dehiscent,26
26. 005

Habit

Trees or less often shrubs.27
27. 001

Inflorescences

Inflorescences , simple or thyrses.28
28. 003

Leaves

Leaves alternate, paripinnate;29
29. 002

Seeds

Seeds .30
30. 006