Justicia coppenamensis

Primary tabs

Justicia coppenamensis

Content

<<<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobes>Hairs>Trichome number

1 or 21
1. 005-001-003-003-001

<<<<Flowers>Corolla>Lower lip>Lobes>Length

1.7 mm long2
2. 005-002-007-002-001

<<<<Flowers>Corolla>Middle lobes>Lateral lobes>Shape

oblong3
3. 005-002-008-002-001

<<<<Petiole>Blade>Margins>Hairs>Shape

caudate at apex, attenuate at base4
4. 003-003-004-001-001

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobes>Dimensions

4.5 x 0.6 mm5
5. 005-001-003-002

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobes>Hairs

glabrous except apically with trichomes6
6. 005-001-003-003

<<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobes>Shape

linear-lanceolate7
7. 005-001-003-001

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Lip>Length

3 mm long8
8. 005-002-005-001

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Lower lip>Growth form

spreading9
9. 005-002-007-001

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Lower lip>Lobes

lobes ,10
10. 005-002-007-002

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Middle lobes>Lateral lobes

lateral lobes ;11
11. 005-002-008-002

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Middle lobes>Shape

ovate with a veined palate12
12. 005-002-008-001

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Tube>Hairs

hirtellous on veins within13
13. 005-002-004-004

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Tube>Length

4.5 mm long14
14. 005-002-004-002

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Tube>Shape

infundibuliform15
15. 005-002-004-001

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Tube>Width

2 mm wide at throat16
16. 005-002-004-003

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Upper lip>Growth form

erect17
17. 005-002-006-001

<<<Flowers>Corolla>Upper lip>Shape

obtuse18
18. 005-002-006-002

<<<Flowers>Stamens>Filaments>Length

2.5 mm long19
19. 005-003-002-001

<<<Flowers>Stamens>Thecae>Length

0.7 mm long20
20. 005-003-003-001

<<<Inflorescences>Bracts>Shape>Dimensions

7-10 x 2.8 mm21
21. 004-004-001-001

<<<Petiole>Blade>Margins>Hairs

sparsely adpressed pubescent, , both surfaces glabrescent22
22. 003-003-004-001

<<<Stems>Mature stems>Cystoliths>Shape

shortly cylindrical or subglobose23
23. 002-003-001-001

<<Capsules>Body>Shape

ovoid to ellipsoid-obovoid, often with a slight medial constriction24
24. 006-004-001

<<Capsules>Seeds>Colour

yellowish-brown when dry25
25. 006-005-003

<<Capsules>Seeds>Dimensions

2 x 1.6 mm26
26. 006-005-002

<<Capsules>Seeds>Shape

ovoid27
27. 006-005-001

<<Capsules>Stipes>Length

3 mm long28
28. 006-003-001

<<Flowers>Calyx>Length

5 mm long29
29. 005-001-002

<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobe number

4-lobed30
30. 005-001-001

<<Flowers>Calyx>Lobes

lobes , equal, , ;31
31. 005-001-003

<<Flowers>Corolla>Colour

white or light purple32
32. 005-002-001

<<Flowers>Corolla>Hairs

sparingly pubescent without33
33. 005-002-003

<<Flowers>Corolla>Length

7.5 mm long34
34. 005-002-002

<<Flowers>Corolla>Lip

lips ,35
35. 005-002-005

<<Flowers>Corolla>Lower lip

lower lip ,36
36. 005-002-007

<<Flowers>Corolla>Middle lobes

middle lobe ,37
37. 005-002-008

<<Flowers>Corolla>Tube

tube , , , ,38
38. 005-002-004

<<Flowers>Corolla>Upper lip

upper lip , entire and ,39
39. 005-002-006

<<Flowers>Stamens>Filaments

filaments glandular, ,40
40. 005-003-002

<<Flowers>Stamens>Relative distance

inserted 0.4 mm below lips41
41. 005-003-001

<<Flowers>Stamens>Thecae

anther thecae , subparallel or superposed;42
42. 005-003-003

<<Flowers>Style>Hairs

glabrous43
43. 005-004-002

<<Flowers>Style>Length

4.2 mm long44
44. 005-004-001

<<Flowers>Style>Lobe number

2-lobed45
45. 005-004-003

<<Inflorescences>Bracteoles>Hairs

apically penicillate, otherwise glabrous46
46. 004-005-003

<<Inflorescences>Bracteoles>Length

2.5-3 mm long47
47. 004-005-002

<<Inflorescences>Bracteoles>Shape

filiform48
48. 004-005-001

<<Inflorescences>Bracts>Hairs

these pubescent49
49. 004-004-003

<<Inflorescences>Bracts>Shape

oblanceolate or obovate, , apically acuminate, contracted into a petiole at base50
50. 004-004-001

<<Inflorescences>Bracts>Vein number per side

2-3-veined on each side of primary vein51
51. 004-004-002

<<Inflorescences>Spikes>Length

15-25 mm long52
52. 004-002-001

<<Petiole>Blade>Colour

dark green upper surface, lighter green lower surface53
53. 003-003-003

<<Petiole>Blade>Dimensions

5-11 x 2.3-3.8 cm54
54. 003-003-002

<<Petiole>Blade>Margins

margin ;55
55. 003-003-004

<<Petiole>Blade>Shape

lanceolate56
56. 003-003-001

<<Petiole>Primary and secondary veins>Hairs

adpressed pubescent57
57. 003-004-002

<<Petiole>Primary and secondary veins>Secondary vein pair number

5-9 pairs58
58. 003-004-001

<<Stems>Mature stems>Cystoliths

cystoliths59
59. 002-003-001

<Capsules>Body

body ;60
60. 006-004

<Capsules>Hairs

glabrous61
61. 006-002

<Capsules>Length

7.5 mm long62
62. 006-001

<Capsules>Seeds

seeds , , basally unequal, , muricate.63
63. 006-005

<Capsules>Stipes

stipe ,64
64. 006-003

<Flowers>Calyx

calyx , ,65
65. 005-001

<Flowers>Corolla

corolla , , ,66
66. 005-002

<Flowers>Stamens

stamens ,67
67. 005-003

<Flowers>Style

style , , minutely .68
68. 005-004

<Habit>Height

25-40 cm high69
69. 001-001

<Inflorescences>Bracteoles

bracteoles , , .70
70. 004-005

<Inflorescences>Bracts

bracts , , ;71
71. 004-004

<Inflorescences>Flowers

flowers secund and solitary at the nodes;72
72. 004-003

<Inflorescences>Position

terminal73
73. 004-001

<Inflorescences>Spikes

spikes74
74. 004-002

<Petiole>Blade

blade , , ,75
75. 003-003

<Petiole>Hairs

densely pubescent76
76. 003-002

<Petiole>Length

to 10 mm long77
77. 003-001

<Petiole>Primary and secondary veins

primary vein and secondary veins () .78
78. 003-004

<Stems>Hairs

bifariously pubescent, trichomes recurved79
79. 002-002

<Stems>Mature stems

older stem dotted with .80
80. 002-003

<Stems>Shape

subquadrangular81
81. 002-001

Capsules

Capsule , ,82
82. 006

Description

Branching herb, 25-40 cm high. Stem suberect, decumbent and rooting at base, subquadrangular, bifariously pubescent, trichomes recurved, older stem dotted with shortly cylindrical or subglobose cystoliths. Petiole to 10 mm long, densely pubescent; blade lanceolate, 5-11 x 2.3-3.8 cm, dark green upper surface, lighter green lower surface, margin sparsely adpressed pubescent, caudate at apex, attenuate at base, both surfaces glabrescent; primary vein and secondary veins (5-9 pairs) adpressed pubescent. Inflorescence terminal, spikes in pairs superposed in axils of upper leaves, spikes 15-25 mm long, shortly pedunculate; flowers secund and solitary at the nodes; bracts oblanceolate or obovate, 7-10 x 2.8 mm, apically acuminate, contracted into a petiole at base, 2-3-veined on each side of primary vein, these pubescent; bracteoles filiform, 2.5-3 mm long, apically penicillate, otherwise glabrous. Flowers sessile; calyx 4-lobed, 5 mm long, lobes linear-lanceolate, equal, 4.5 x 0.6 mm, glabrous except apically with 1 or 2 trichomes; corolla white or light purple, 7.5 mm long, sparingly pubescent without, tube infundibuliform, 4.5 mm long, 2 mm wide at throat, hirtellous on veins within, lips 3 mm long, upper lip erect, entire and obtuse, lower lip spreading, lobes 1.7 mm long, middle lobe ovate with a veined palate, lateral lobes oblong; stamens inserted 0.4 mm below lips, filaments glandular, 2.5 mm long, anther thecae 0.7 mm long, subparallel or superposed; style 4.2 mm long, glabrous, minutely 2-lobed. Capsule 7.5 mm long, glabrous, stipe 3 mm long, body ovoid to ellipsoid-obovoid, often with a slight medial constriction; seeds ovoid, 2 x 1.6 mm, basally unequal, yellowish-brown when dry, muricate.

Distribution

Amazonian Venezuela present, Guianas present, Guyana present, Suriname present
Guyana, Suriname and Amazonian Venezuela; 6 collections studied of which 5 from the Guianas (GU: 1; SU: 4).

Flowers

Flowers sessile;83
83. 005

Habit

Branching herb, .84
84. 001

Individuals Association

Suriname, Coppename R., Hekking 989 Guyana, Aremao Cr., Cuyuni R., Bartlett 8370 Suriname, Upper Nickerie R., Blanche-Marie Falls, Tulleken 328 Suriname, Ayobirini Fall, Tulleken 391

Inflorescences

Inflorescence , spikes in pairs superposed in axils of upper leaves, , shortly pedunculate;85
85. 004

Petiole

Petiole , ;86
86. 003

Stems

Stem suberect, decumbent and rooting at base, , ,87
87. 002